GROUP MEMBERS

‡ Muhammad Umer Javaid ‡ Sharoon Romail

CORRUPTION IN PAKISTAN

LAYOUT
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ What is Corruption? Corruption Equation Types of Corruption Most Corrupt Departments Causes of Corruption Impacts of Corruption Actors of Corruption Policy Recommendation Conclusion

WHAT IS CORRUPTION?
³Corruption is the behavior of private individuals or public officials who deviate from set responsibilities and use their position of power in order to serve private ends and secure private gains´

CORRUPTION EQUATION

Corruption =

Monopoly Power & Discretion Accountability & Govt. Salaries

TYPES OF CORRUPTION
‡ Petty (Bureaucratic) Corruption ‡ Grand Corruption ‡ State Capture

MOST CORRUPT DEPARTMENTS
SECTORS Police Power Taxation Judiciary Customs Health Land Education Telephone Railway NGOs Post Office Banks Others Total PERCENTAGE 27.68 15.26 12.69 9.54 8.56 5.41 5.18 3.38 2.24 1.24 0.39 0.31 0.19 7.93 100.0

CAUSES OF CORRUPTION
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Lack of Accountability Low salaries Monopoly of power Discretionary powers Lack of transparency Power of influential people

IMPACTS OF CORRUPTION
The greatest impact of corruption is on the poor Corruption causes reduced investment or even disinvestment Corruption causes many long term effects including;
‡ Lack of respect for human rights ‡ Undemocratic practices

ACTORS OF CORRUPTION
DEPARTMENT MOST FREQUENTLY INTERACTED

Police Power Tax Health Education Land Administration Judiciary

Duty Police Officer Meter Reader Tax Inspector Hospital Staff Teachers & Mgt. Committee Members Surveyor Court Employees such as Clerical Staff

POLICY RECOMMENDATION
‡ Begin accountability from the top ‡ Set up exclusive corruption courts ‡ Require public officials to declare their assets ‡ Implement transparent procurement laws ‡ Pass a right to information will ‡ Set up national anti-corruption commissions ‡ Ensure time bound actions ‡ Use independent private sector auditors ‡ Appoint and independent watchdog ‡ Ensure an active and free press

CONCLUSION

Questions & Answers

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful