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views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Directors or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the source, originality, accuracy, completeness or reliability of any statement, information, data, finding, interpretation, advice, opinion, or view presented, nor does it make any representation concerning the same.

Energy for All: Increasing Access to Energy for the poor in Asia and the Pacific
Building Capacity to Respond to Climate Change in South Asia 2929-30 June 2010, Kathmandu, Nepal
Shahid Parwez Jiwan Acharya Asian Development Bank


ADB s Energy Policy 2009
Enabling energy operations to be aligned with ADB s overall strategy emphasizing energy security, facilitating a transition to a low-carbon economy, universal access to energy, and for achieving ADB s vision of a region free of poverty

Three Pillars of ADB s Support to the Energy Sector:
‡ Promoting energy efficiency and renewable energy ‡ Maximizing access to energy for all ‡ Promoting energy sector reform, capacity-building & governance

Energy poverty persists in Asia
1.5 billion people worldwide lack access to electricity, 809 million in Asia

Source: IEA, World Energy Outlook 2009


ADB s response: Energy for All Initiative
Supported with TA funding from the Government of the Netherlands and the Government of Japan
To mainstream access to energy for the poor within ADB s operations and increase ADB s investment in access to energy


To develop strategic partnerships and develop alliances with other access to energy stakeholders

Support ADB s operations departments to develop pro-poor access to energy projects


Engage in policy dialogues with DMC governments Build capacity and share knowledge (internally and externally) Support multilateral initiatives (e.g., Scaling up Renewable Energy Program for Low-Income Countries) Develop strategic partnerships: Energy for All Partnership

ADB investment in energy access (2003 2009)

Energy for All Initiative launched

Source: ADB estimates

Sample EfA supported projects
VIE: scaling up national domestic biogas program through credit provision to 40K households - $19 mn investment VIE: providing electricity connections to 105K households through network expansion and rehabilitation and off-grid minihydro - $151 mn investment NEP: TA to increase access to finance for small-scale energy infrastructure, such as improved water mills - $933K investment LAO: expanding domestic biogas development through sustainable natural resource management sub-projects ± up to $1 mn investment BAN: expanding access to piped natural gas, including pre-paid metering component targeting poor households BHU: expanding domestic biogas development REG: Increasing access to renewable energy in the Pacific PHI: assessing feasibility of national domestic biogas program IND: supporting TERI to expand and mobilize local financing for LaBL Campaign


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Lighting Rural Nepal
TA 7504-NEP: Increasing Access to Energy in Rural Nepal ‡ Approved by ADB Board in March 2010 (US $0.933 million) ‡ Implementation Period 3 years Key features of the TA ‡ Expansion of Improved Water Mills in remote rural areas of Nepal ‡ Adopt Social Merchant Banking (SMB) approach to financing IWM ‡ A revolving fund with a menu of gap-filling finance equity, debt, bridge financing, lease-toward-purchase, and PRG ‡ Explore CDM opportunities


Lighting Rural Nepal««..
RETA 7485: Effective Deployment of Distributed Small Wind Power Systems in Asian Rural Areas ‡ Approved by ADB Board in December 2009 (US $3.87million) ‡ Implementation Period 2.5 years ‡ Nepal - one of the 3 DMCs selected in the first phase for pilot Key features of the TA ‡ Small wind power systems in windy villages of Nepal ‡ Pilot in Nepal ‡ AEPC lead and undertaking the groundwork for piloting


Lighting Rural Nepal««..
RETA : Solar Energy Development in South Asia ‡ Approved by ADB in December 2009 ($1.94 million) ‡ Two phases - (a) Opportunity assessment - (b) subproject 1 ‡ Promote solar energy development in Nepal RETA: Needs Assessment and Development of the Solar Energy Program ‡ Approved by ADB in March 2010 ($1 million) ‡ Create knowledge management platform ‡ Need assessment for both on-grid and off-grid solar power generation ‡ Asia Solar Energy Forum July 2010 (in Manila)

Energy for All Partnership
A new regional approach for scaling up access to energy for the poor
What: Regional, multi-stakeholder platform for networking, cooperation, sharing lessons learned, developing scaling up pro-poor access to energy projects Objective: Provide access to reliable and affordable modern energy services to 100 million people in Asia-Pacific by 2015 Why: Responds to stakeholders call for a regional platform to overcome the challenges of scaling up successful models Who: Brings together key stakeholders from private sector, financial institutions, governments, NGOs. How: ADB seed funding for secretariat; working group activities and project development supported by ADB, other partners

Steering Committee
ADB, E+CO, e8, NEA Philippines, POSCO E&C, REEEP, ReEx Capital Asia, SEAS, SNV, TERI, WBCSD

Special Advisory Panel


Working Groups
Domestic Biogas SNV Solar Lanterns TERI Financing E+CO Enterprise Development SEAS


Wind Power POSCO E&C

Pacific REEEP

New Working Groups to be Established

Leveraging activities to achieve greater impact

Benefits to Partners
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Project pipeline development Networking and mentoring Exchange of information and know-how Access to financial institutions and investors Explore business opportunities and build partnerships to develop, finance, and implement energy access projects ‡ Newsletter, publications, invitations to Partnership events

Getting Involved
‡ Register online: ‡ Contact the secretariat:

MD Shahid Parwez Nepal Resident Mission Kathmandu Email: Tel: Tel: +977 1 422 7779 Jiwan Acharya Climate Change Specialist (Energy) ADB Headquarters, Manila Email: Tel: +63 2 632 6207 web: