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You are on page 1of 21

u Horizontal Motion: Constant velocity (+ = 0)

o + = + + 4+ + = 4+

71

o +5+6 = ( 9 : ; 9 6 : ) +5+6 =

( 976 : ; 9 6 : ) 7

=

== 4 + 4+ 4+

?

o = 4 + 4+ + = =

=

++= = 4+

o = + 2+( 4 ) +

= =

4+ =

u Vertical Motion: Constant acceleration ( . = )

o . = . + 4. . = + 4.

. .

o 5 . = (9 A ;9 6 A ) 5. =

76 (9 A ;9 6 A ) 76

? ?

o = 4 + 4. + = =

= =

= 4 + 4. + = =

o .= = 4. + 2. (

.

().= = 4. + 2()(

= =

4 ) Max. Height

Rang 4 )

o 96M NOPM 6

e = sin

Q =

2

Time=of R = 4

Flight

o = =96 NOP

R 4

Q6

Review

Yesterdays Quiz

After getting into a quarrel, a kid throws a bullys slippers with

a speed of 13.0 m/s at an angle 60.0 above the horizontal.

The

71

slippers landed on top of the flat roof of a 5.71 m tall

house. 1-2. What is the time of flight of the slippers?

3-4. How far away is the kid from the edge of the house?

1 =

= 4 + 4 . +

1

5.71

= 0 + 13.0 ms sin260.02 + 9.8

m =

ms= 4.9 + 11.26 5.71

=

Solving for the

= roots:

0

= 0.756 s , 1.54

s .

Review

Example #1

At t=0, a motorcycle is moving initially velocity 4 = 24.5hi + 17.2h i .

He then accelerates constantly within the first 5.00 seconds of his travel at

of 2.50 h , 30.0 N of E. By independently solving the x

71

average

an

iM

and y-

components, what is the velocity of the motorcyclist at t=5.00 s in unit-vector

form? y 1. Write down the given

2. Draw and establish your coordinate system

3. Determine what was asked

4. Determine the right expression to solve

the problem

x 5. Check the units of your answer if it makes

sense

Given

h h

: Initial velocity:4 = 24.5 i +

Acceleration:

17.2 =

2.50 h

, 30.0 N

i

i M

Time: of E

= 5.00

Target:

Review

Example #2

focused on running at a constant velocity of (2,00m/s) p. At what velocity

71

should Marivec travel if she wants to meet Jordan in 25.0 s?

2. Draw and establish your coordinate system

3. Determine what was asked

4. Determine the right expression to solve

the problem

x 5. Check the units of your answer if it makes

sense

PHYSICS 71

71

Chapter 3 Motion in Two or Three Dimensions

08 Motion in a Circle

College of Science

University of the Philippines

Diliman

A particle moving in a circle with a constant speed is 6

in uniform circular motion.

71

Acceleration is perpendicular to velocity (change in

direction).

Acceleration is directed inward toward the center of the

circular path.

Components of Acceleration 7

u Normal (perpendicular) component changes the

direction

71

Component of acceleration parallel to velocity:

Changes cars speed

S

v

Car has constant speed

while moving along a

Car speeds up along a circular path

S

circular path S

v

a

Acceleration is exactly

Component of acceleration perpendicular to S perpendicular to velocity;

velocity: Changes cars direction a

no parallel component

S

v

To center of circle

Component of acceleration

perpendicular to velocity:

Changes cars direction

S

a

Car slows down along a

Component of acceleration parallel circular path

to velocity: Changes cars speed

Uniform Circular Motion 8

71

Uniform Circular Motion 9

71

Uniform Circular Motion 1

0

u A particle moving in a circle with constant speed

S

Acceleration has

v

71

S S constant magni-

arad v tude but

a rad varying

S S

direction.

v arad

S S

arad vS

S

arad

S Velocity and

arad acceleration

S

v are always

S

v perpendicular.

Uniform Circular Motion 1

1

u A particle moving in a circle with constant speed

u Acceleration has no tangential (parallel) component

71

u Instantaneous acceleration is related to the speed

and radius . The magnitude is given by

=

S

S

v arad

s t u =

u The direction of is perpendicular to the

instantaneous velocity, and is inward along the radius

u In UCM, is also known as the centripetal

acceleration

u Centripetal center-seeking

Uniform Circular Motion 1

2

u The period is the time for one revolution

u The particle travels a distance equal to the circumference

of the circle.

71

u Speed in terms of T:

circumferen

ce perio

=

S d2

v a rad

S =

= =

s t u = =

4

s t u

= =

Uniform Circular Motion 1

3

EXAMPLE 1

A vintage car has a lateral acceleration of 9.4m/s2. This

represents the maximum centripetal acceleration that the car

71

can attain without skidding out of a circular path. If the car

is travelling at a constant 40m/s, what is the minimum

radius of curve it can negotiate?

ms, for the car to stay on the circular

Find m s=

path.

= =

=

s t u = s t

u

40. ms

=

=

=9.4

170m s=

m

Uniform Circular Motion 1

4

EXAMPLE 2

In a carnival ride, the passengers travel at constant speed in a

circle of radius 5.0m. They make one complete circle in 4.0s.

71

What is their acceleration?

Find m, s

stu .

4 =

s t u

= =

4 =(5.0

s t u m)

(4.0

= s)=

s t u = 12.

ms=

Non-uniform Circular Motion 1

5

u A particle moving in a circle with time-varying speed

u Acceleration has both tangential and radial components

71

atan arad

S

v

S

a

u Radial u Magnitude of

component: acceleration = =

stu +

= Caution: =

u Tangential component: ~tP

s t u =

~tP ~tP

=

Non-uniform Circular Motion 1

6

u A particle moving in a circle with varying speed

Speed slowest, arad minimum, atan zero

71

Speeding up; atan in Slowing down;

S S

same direction as atan opposite to v

v

atan arad

Speed varies at S

v S S

a |a| 5

different rad

points in the a arad

S

loop! v

S

a Acceleration vector

does not always point

radially inwards.

Speed fastest, arad maximum, atan zero

Quiz 1

7

1. Which of the following is always true about

the acceleration of a body in a uniform

circular motion?

71

A. It is tangent to the circular trajectory.

B. It is perpendicular to the velocity.

C. It is directed outward.

D. It is zero.

Quiz 1

8

Fear is having a panic attack and runs around

with constant speed in a circular path with radius

71

15.m. It takes one minute for him to complete

1200 revolutions.

2. What is the distance travelled by Fear

in one revolution?

3. What is his period?

4. How fast is Fear running?

5. What is the magnitude of his

acceleration?

Quiz 1

9

1. Which of the following is always true about

the acceleration of a body in a uniform

circular motion?

71

A. It is tangent to the circular trajectory.

B. It is perpendicular to the velocity.

C. It is directed outward.

D. It is zero.

Quiz 2

0

Fear is having a panic attack and runs around

with constant speed in a circular path with radius

71

0.15 m. It takes one minute for him to

complete 1200 revolutions.

2. What is the distance travelled by Fear

in one revolution? 0.94 m

3. What is his period? 0.050

4. How fast is Fear s 19.

running?

5. What is the magnitude of ms

hisacceleration? 2.410

ms=

Credits/References 2

1

u University Physics 13th Ed, H. Young and R. Freedman

Pearson Education 2014

u Physics 71 Lectures by J Vance, M Flores, A Lacaba, PJ

71

Blancas,

G Pedemonte, DL Sombillo, K Agapito

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