You are on page 1of 49

Introduction to Medium

Voltage Switchgear:
Vacuum CBs SF6 CBs

A Presentation by
-Immanuel Paul
ABB Group - 1 -
Mar 22, 2017
Study Topics
Brief overview of a Power System

Introduction to Indoor Switchgear

VCB V/S SF6CB

Outdoor switchgear: a Glance

Secondary Distribution network and Ring Main Unit

Secondary Distribution and Compact Sub Station


ABB Group - 2 -
Mar 22, 2017
Elements of a Power System

X X M
X X X X
X 400 / 220 kV
X Load

Transformer
Transformer

Why Use Circuit Breakers in Power System:-


Generation

To Isolate Portion Of A Network Under Normal Conditions

g m ent
Se Under Fault Conditions
To Isolate Portion Of AgNetwork
e
olt a
ABB Group - 3 -

m V kV
e d iu - 3 3
Mar 22, 2017

M 3.3
Introduction to Medium Voltage Switchgear

X M

from
Grid/ X
source Load
X
ABB Group - 4 -
Mar 22, 2017
Introduction to Medium Voltage Switchgear

X
XLoad

M
ABB Group - 5 -
Mar 22, 2017
Single Line Diagram: Indoor Switchgear

X
Switchboard
ABB Group - 6 -
Mar 22, 2017

Load

M
Components of a Switchgear
X Bus bar
Metering
Circuit
& Prot.

Breaker
C.T

P.T

Cable
ABB Group - 7 -
Mar 22, 2017
Components of a Switchgear

C/R
Compartment Bus Bar
Compartment

CB Compartment

C.T & Cable


Compartment
P.T Compartment
ABB Group - 8 -
Mar 22, 2017
ABB Group - 9 -
Mar 22, 2017
Circuit Breaker
ABB Group - 10 -
Mar 22, 2017
Circuit Breaker
ABB Group - 11 -
Mar 22, 2017
Circuit Breaker
Circuit Breaker

Types:-

Air-Blast
SF6 Circuit Breaker
Bulk Oil Circuit Breaker
Vacuum Circuit Breaker
Minimum Oil Circuit Breaker
ABB Group - 12 -
Mar 22, 2017
ABB Group - 13 -
Mar 22, 2017
P.T Compartment
ABB Group - 14 -
Mar 22, 2017
Bus Bar Compartment
ABB Group - 15 -
Mar 22, 2017
C.T & Cable Compartment
Control & Relay Compartment

Relay types

Electromechanic
al
Static
Numerical- w
or w/o
communication
Meters
Analogue
Digital
ABB Group - 16 -
Mar 22, 2017
Sample of Indoor Switchgear Panels
ABB Group - 17 -
Mar 22, 2017
X Single Line Diagram: Outdoor Switchgear

X
Used where land
space is not a
constraint

Where there is a
HV/EHV switchyard
existing

Where there is
primary distribution,
transmission, etc
Switchboard
Load

Wind mills
M
ABB Group - 18 -
Mar 22, 2017
Secondary distribution
400 / 220 kV
Transmission
substation

Transformer

110 / 132 kV

132/66/11 kV

Main substation

400 V
Secondary
substation
Distribution
11/22 kV substation
ABB Group - 19 -
Mar 22, 2017
RMU Network - Typical
Grid substations 11 kV VCB Swgr

First switching stations- RMU


ABB Group - 20 -

Consumer end substations I/D or O/D RMU


Mar 22, 2017
Why compact RMU ?
Compact design
Easy to install and connect
Cable entry from front with hinged and
arc proof cable covers
Commissioning - factory tested
Minimal Maintenance
NO live parts exposed
All live parts in stainless steel tank
Minimum number of parts
Robotically laser welded Stainless
steel tank
Design compliance - 30 years +
IP-67 Degree of protection for gas
enclosure
ABB Group - 21 -

Complete Interlocked design features


Mar 22, 2017
ABB Group - 22 -
Mar 22, 2017

SafeRing CCF & CCV


Cable Switch Module
630A load break switch
Interlocked Fault making type earth switch
Manual or motor operation
Capacitive Voltage indicators
Fault Passage indicators

kV 12 24
A 630 630
kA 25 - 1s 21 - 3s
kA 21 - 3s
ABB Group - 23 -
Mar 22, 2017
Switchgear Design (C)

Three position switch


Switch, disconnector, earth
Arc quenching by SF6 gas
Rough and reliable with a
minimum of parts
ABB Group - 24 -
Mar 22, 2017
Circuit Breaker Module
630A or 200A vacuum circuit breaker
Latched mechanism close and open coil
Separate isolator & Fault making earth switch
Protection as specified by our customers
Tripping facilitated for a wide range of relays
Breaker module only 325mm in width
Automation Ready
Capacitive Voltage indicators

kV 12 (15) 24
A 200/630 200/630
kA 21 - 3s 16 - 3s
ABB Group - 25 -
Mar 22, 2017
Switchgear Design (V)

Vacuum circuit breaker


VG 5 bottles from ABB
Interruption in vacuum
Insulation provided by gas
Reliable and durable
No consumable parts
Sealed for life
Separate Earthing switch
ABB - Page 26
Five Modules in Single Stainless Steel Tank

12/24 kV 630A
Automation ready
SF6 - insulated, compact
Modular, flexible
High degree of personnel safety
Climate independent
Minimal maintenance
Transformer protection
- vacuum circuit breaker
- fuse switch disconnector
ABB Group - 27 -
Mar 22, 2017
Semi-Modular
Available in 1-5 module units fully
configurable with possibility for busbar
extension for joining units together
ABB Group - 28 -
Mar 22, 2017
Modular

Busbar can be
placed outside
SF6 tank to
obtain a fully
modular solution
ABB Group - 29 -
Mar 22, 2017
ABB Group - 30 -
Mar 22, 2017

Extensibility Both ways


SafeRing applications INDOOR / OUTDOOR
Compact secondary substations

Wind power plants


Small industries
Buildings
Mining
Airports
Underground installations
ABB Group - 31 -
Mar 22, 2017
Safe Plus modules

C- cable switch
F-switch fuse disconnector
V-vacuum circuit breaker
Sl-busbar sectionaliser
Sv-with vacuum circuit breaker
D-direct cable connection
De-with earthing switch
Be-busbar earthing
M-metering
ABB Group - 32 -
Mar 22, 2017
M - Metering
Air insulated and factory assembled module
Type tested with specific transformers
2 or 3 pcs DIN 42600 Narrow type CTs with ribs.
A
3 pcs. DIN 42600 Narrow type single pole VTs
Fuses on VT primary (optional)

V
400series bushings for busbar connection
Bottom cable entry available

kV 12 24
A 630 630
kA 25 - 1s 21 - 3s
kA 21 - 3s
ABB Group - 33 -
Mar 22, 2017
M - Metering
S P A J 1 4 0 C
S P A J 1 4 0 C

U U
ABB Group - 34 -
Mar 22, 2017
ABB Group - 35 -
Mar 22, 2017

M - Metering
M Metering

Local DT
C C D V V
11 / 0.4 KV

To HT Consumer
ABB Group - 36 -
Mar 22, 2017
Power Distribution Network
400 / 220 kV
Transmission
substation

Transformer

110 / 132 kV

132/66/11 kV

Main substation

400 V
Secondary
substation
Distribution
ABB Group - 37 -

11/22 kV substation
Mar 22, 2017
Package Sub-Station Equipment

Compact
CompactMV
MVswitchgear
switchgear

Distr.
Distr.Trafo
Trafo

L.T Panel
ABB Group - 38 -
Mar 22, 2017
Conventional Substation Vs. CSS

Procurement
Procurementof
ofindividual
individual
Single
Singlepoint
pointprocurement,
procurement,
Fully
Fullyfactory
factorybuilt
builtsolution
solution
substation
substationequipments
equipments
Interconnection
Interconnectionatatsite
site Interconnection
Interconnectionatatfactory
factory
More
Morespace
spacerequired
required Compact
Compact
Safety
SafetyHazards
Hazards Fully
Fullysafe
safe
Expensive
Expensiveon
onTotal
TotalCost
Cost Life
Lifecycle
cyclecost
costisisless
less
basis
basis
More
Morelead
leadtime
time Faster
Fasterdelivery
delivery
ABB Group - 39 -
Mar 22, 2017
Basic Concept

The basic solution includes:


Installation of LV & MV switchgear
Cabling of MV & LV switchgear
Routine test according to IEC-1330
ABB Group - 40 -
Mar 22, 2017
Package Sub-Station Range

Configurable range of secondary substations acc. to IEC-


1330 delivered complete with all components and cabling
Transformer rating up to 1250 kVA and 24 kV
SF6 or air insulated MV switchgear up to 24 kV
LV switchboard according to customer specification
ABB Group - 41 -
Mar 22, 2017
Three CSS Main Types

Part of main components


Compact
below ground level

No components below
Non Walk-in
ground level

All components operated


Walk-in
from inside
ABB Group - 42 -
Mar 22, 2017

How is CSS better than a conventional sub-station


Back to SafePlus modules
Sl busbar sectionaliser

Three position load break switch


Interlocked earthing switch
Manual or motor operation
Only 325mm wide when placed
between other modules

kV 12 24
A 630 630
kA 25 - 1s 21 - 3s
kA 21 - 3s
ABB Group - 44 -
Mar 22, 2017
Back to SafePlus modules
Sv with vacuum circuit breaker

630A vacuum circuit breaker


Separate isolator/earthing switch

kV 12 (15) 24
A 630 630
kA 21 - 3s 16 - 3s
ABB Group - 45 -
Mar 22, 2017
Back to SafePlus modules
D direct cable connection

Direct cable connection

kV 12 24
A 630 630
kA 25 - 1s 21 - 3s
kA 21 - 3s
ABB Group - 46 -
Mar 22, 2017
Back to SafePlus modules
De with earting switch

Direct cable connection


Earthing switch with making capacity

kV 12 24
A 630 630
kA 25 - 1s 21 - 3s
kA 21 - 3s
ABB Group - 47 -
Mar 22, 2017
Back to SafePlus modules
Be busbar earthing

Busbar earthing
Earthing switch with making capacity

kV 12 24
A 630 630
kA 25 - 1s 21 - 3s
kA 21 - 3s
ABB Group - 48 -
Mar 22, 2017
ABB Group - 49 -
Mar 22, 2017
IP Protection