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TERI UNIVERSITY

VASANT KUNJ
ABOUT TERI

TERI university campus has been planned


to provide a setting that enhances
learning and showcases the concept of
modern green buildings.

It incorporates all possible elements of


Passive Solar Architecture and Low
Energy Cooling systems.
TERI is an independent, not for profit research organization deeply committed to every aspect of energy, environment,
sustainable development providing environment friendly solution to rural energy problems.

Headed by Dr. R.K. Pachauri also the chairperson of the Nobel peace price winning climate change body.

SITE PLANNING

SITE AREA- nearly 2 acres

Building typology- G+3

Material- stone cladding over brick


masonry

The building was oriented along


the east-west axis to have
maximum exposure along north
and south.

South orientation receive


maximum solar radiation during 1 Commercial Block 2 Classrooms 3, 4 Laboratories 5,6 administrative block 6 accounts
winters. 7 dining hall 8 hostel 9, 10 courts 11 Open Air TheatrE

The orientation insures winter sun


and adequate day light in the
building.
SIGNIFICANCE OF WIND DIRECTION IN
PLANNING SPACES

The predominant wind direction is taken into account


in designing the open spaces.

The central atrium acts as an air funnel defined by


the other buildings.

The opening oriented in the prevailing wind direction


catches the outside air and channelizes it through a
narrow stretch of the block before releasing it into the
central court area.

The central atrium is covered with an automatic


adjustable louvre system (Vergola).

The angle of the louvres can be adjusted to block the


solar radiations during summer and to allow ample
sunlight during winter.

The system is further proposed to be integrated with


photo voltaic panels.

The louvres if kept closed can effectively prevent rain


water from entering the atrium during the rainy
season.

ISHITA ARORA 3
INTRODUCTION
RASHIKHA DHILLON
SUMEDHA GUPTA
TERI UNIVERSITY
IV YR- B
DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

Passive solar design is an important feature in the


design of this building.

The planning and orientation of spaces and building


blocks ensures glare free daylight in all regularly
occupied spaces.

Where the south west walls have openings, they are


protected by means of pergolas or projecting balconies.

The east, west and south facades of the building have


minimum glazing
Walls that are exposed to harsh solar rays have a stone
cladding which is fixed to the wall by channels.

Air gap between the wall and the stone cladding in itself
acts an insulation layer.

DETAIL OF PROTECTION PROVIDED TO WALL


All the linear blocks are oriented in the
East-West direction with shorter facades
facing the sun.

Wherever possible, openings have not


been taken on South-West face.

The building has been designed with


adequate shading device and fenestration
has been decide to cut of summer sun and
let in winter sun.

The external walls are also shaded


adequately with red stone and deciduous
creepers and trees along the walls add to
the insulation and help evaporating
cooling.

On the western faade, rock wool insulation


is also provided in the wall. Energy
efficiency is further enhanced by
Vermiculite insulation in parts of the roof
slab.

South facing walls are mounted with


aeroscreen louvers (Hunter Douglas) fixed
at an angle of 35deg which welcomes
winter sun and blocks summer sun. The
use of louvers in front of the glazed walls
also reduces the heating up of the glass
facade

The design of the building insures natural


light penetration deep into the interior
spaces.

The glazing for the building has been


designed to maximize the affect of natural
In areas where daylight is available, fixtures have been fitted
with continuous dimming electronic ballasts. That are controlled
by light sensors which respond to available light conditions and
automatically regulate the connected fixtures to achieve the
desired level of illumination.

In areas with non- uniform illumination, occupancy sensors


have been installed that can turn off the lights when the space
is unoccupied.

This kind of a lighting system has a potential of saving 70%


lighting energy demand.

Use of efficient double glazing window help significantly reduce


the heat gained through window glazing in the summers and
the heat lost in the winters.

Also, coloured louvers have been provided at certain places to DOUBLE GLASS GLAZING
enhance the beauty of the building.

For basement ventilation, punctures were given in the building


and covered by glass panels to let in light.
WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

All buildings in the campus have been provided with low flow
fixtures such as dual flush toilets, low flow taps and sensor taps
that result in 25% savings in water use.

The waste water generated from the hostel block is treated


through efficient biological processes using a combination of
micro organisms and bio-media filter.

This treatment system requires less area and low energy. The
treated water meets the prescribed standards for landscape
irrigation.

Rainwater harvesting is also an important concept which


contributes to efficient water management. Rainwater run off
from the roof and the site are tapped to recharge the aquifer.

The excess surface water is also conserved and stored for future
requirements.
USE OF WASTE PRODUCTS

The roof of corridors were covered with


colorful umbrellas with help of thermocols.

Walls were covered with old glass bottles


which are used to plant different flowers.

Kite papers were hanged on twigs to cover


the roof of corridors.

Colorful ropes were attached along the


corridors to specify the movement patterns

HVAC SYSTEMS

The campus is equipped with three types of cooling systems


(i)Variable Refrigerant Volume system (VRV),
(ii) Earth Air Tunnel (EAT) and
(iii) Thermal Mass Storage The VRV system is proposed for the peripheral commercial block and the administrative
block of the institute. This state-of-the-art air conditioning system, which is similar to a split AC is highly efficient under
partial loading conditions and beneficial to areas with varying occupancy.
It allows customized control of individual zones eliminating the use of chilled water piping, ducting and plant room.

The use of Earth Air Tunnel gives an energy saving of nearly 50% as compared to the conventional system
Thermal mass storage used for cooling the classrooms and labs involves storing energy when available and using it
when required. Here, cooling of thermal mass is done during night. This cool thermal mass is used to cool air in day
time. This system gives an energy saving of up to 40%
THE EARTH AIR TUNNEL (EAT) is used in the hostel blocks.

This is a dual heating-cooling system using the heat sink property of the earth to maintain comfortable
temperatures inside the building. Air which passes through the buried pipes gets cooled in summer and heated up in
winter.

A lot of research went in to the design of this system. Airtron, the Air-conditioning consultants for the project in
collaboration with faculty of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore simulated the system and refined it to perfection.

On continuous uninterrupted use in extreme heat conditions as in Delhi, this system faces the problem of the earth
around the tunnel getting heat saturated and reducing the effectiveness of cooling.

A recovery time is required for the earth to dissipate the heat from the immediate surroundings. After rigorous
experiments and simulations a second loop of tubes was created and the two loops used alternately to provide
sufficient recovery time to the earth around and maintain the performance effectiveness of the system.
VARIABLE REFRIGERANT VOLUME SYSTEMS
MAIN FEATURES
The VRV system is a modern air-conditioning system, similar to an Energy Saving
efficient version of a split air conditioner. The VRV system is
highly efficient under partial load conditions and therefore, has Inverter technology
been used in areas with varying occupancies such as the office Individual control
block, laboratories, administrative block and recreation & dining
areas of the hostel block. Ideal for zoning
Long refrigerant piping runs
It features customized control of individual zones. Depending on
the cooling demands of the building, variable refrigerant volumes
Wide range of indoor units
circulate through the chillers. The VRV system also eliminates the Low Noise Levels
requirement of a plant room; piping & ducting for chilled water;
and contributes to 15% energy savings as compared to a
conventional air conditioning system.
THERMAL MASS

a material's resistance to change in temperature.


Objects with high thermal mass absorb and
retain heat. Thermal mass is crucial to good
passive solar heating design, especially in
locations that have large swings of temperature
from day to night.
Thermal mass is crucial to good passive solar heating
design. Objects with high thermal mass absorb and retain
heat, slowing the rate at which the sun heats a space and
the rate at which a space loses heat when the sun is gone.
Without thermal mass, heat that has entered a space will
simply re-radiate back out quickly, making the space
overly hot with sunlight and overly cold without.

RULES OF THUMB FOR DESIGNING WITH THERMAL


MASS

Choose the right amount of mass. This is determined by how


much heat energy the space requires (based on the climate,
massing, and program), and the solar income (based on climate,
orientation, and surroundings). In general, comfort and
performance increase with increase of thermal mass, and there is
no upper limit for the amount of well-designed thermal mass.

Large surface areas of thermal mass, with sufficient solar


exposure. A rule of thumb is a mass surface-to-glass area ratio is
6:1.

In direct gain storage, thin mass is more effective than thick


mass. The most effective thickness in masonry materials is the
first 100mm. Thicknesses beyond 150mm are usually unhelpful as
the heat is simply carried away from the surface and lost. The
most effective thickness in wood is the first 25mm.

Insulating the thermal storage from exterior climate conditions, so


that they do not add or remove too much heat. In some climates,
however, direct heat gain from sunlight on the envelope and/or
direct heat loss to the ground are beneficial.

It is important to locate as much thermal mass in direct sunlight


(heated by radiation) as possible. However, the mass that is
located out of the direct sunlight (heated by air convection) is