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GREEN MANUFACTURING

GREEN MANUFACTURING
We borrow the Earth from our
descendants

Depletion of resources

Polluting the environment


GREEN MANUFACTURING
Enables economic progress

Minimize pollution and waste

Conserve resources
GREEN MANUFACTURING
Manufacturing methods that support
and sustain a renewable way of
producing products and/or services
that do no harm to you nor the
environment.
POLLUTANTS
Careless disposal of waste
Newly identified toxins
"Big Company problem"...right?
Toxic hazards present in everyday
household products
- Food
- Synthetic fragrance
POLLUTANTS
"Many times, because of extensive use,
we assume a product is safe. But any
chemical ingredient warrants a closer
look, no matter how long it's been on
the market. We need to ask ourselves
whether we should be careful of using
such ingredients on a daily basis, and
if necessary, we should explore other
options for our customers.
CHOICES
Use natural raw ingredients, including
organics
Do not use hazardous chemical
conditioners, chemical anti-bacterials
or chemical preservatives
Use botanically-derived,colour, spices
etc
Cold manufacturing process for soap
DEPLETION OF RESOURCES &
INCREASING POLLUTION
As much fresh water has been withdrawn
in the last 30 years as in the last three
centuries.
Globally, there is a 160 billion cubic meter
overdraft of groundwater per year.
The rate of increase in atmospheric
carbon dioxide between 1970 and 2000 is
nearly double that between 1960 and
1970 (1.5 ppm vs. 0.88 ppm per year).
DEPLETION OF RESOURCES &
INCREASING POLLUTION
Carbon emissions have increased by more than
1.5 times since 1970.
The U.S., EU and Japan are by far the worlds
biggest producers of solid waste, with the U.S. at
about 14 times that of Japan and the EU
combined.
Solid waste strategies: In Japan, its "Minimize at
source"; In Europe, its "Producer responsibility";
In the U.S., its "Theres always more space
WASTE GENERATION
Manufacturing generates maximum
wastes
NATURAL RESOURCES
Natural resources are vital to
- Economic activity
- Personal satisfaction
- Health
Need to be preserved for future generation
balancing environmental and business
needs
COST & GREEN PRACTICES
Gap remains between societal benefits
and private business benefits. But that gap
may be narrowing
Examples
- Compact fluorescent lightbulbs,
- Software distribution via the Internet,
- Hybrid electric vehicles
- More efficient refrigeration
IS IT WIN WIN
What's good for the environment is good
for business ?
Regulation can confer specific and narrow
benefits on some firms at the expense of
others.
Example : Montreal Protocol
Wiped out the market for commodity CFCs
Benefited Dupont and ICI
SUSTAINABILITY
Using regulatory actions to secure
production cost advantages
Sugar Industry : bagasse & mud paste
Molasses to Alcohol
- What remains after taking out alcohol
- Highly toxic
- Discharged on land or in to river
SUSTAINABILITY
Metalworking fluids (emulsions of oil, water and
stabilizing agents)

- 12 percent of metals manufacturing costs

- Limited reuse & high cost of disposal

-Environment friendly vegetable oil substitutes

-Microfiltration techniques to extend the useful life of


these fluids virtually indefinitely
SUSTAINABILITY
Public and industry awareness campaigns

Adding business value can drive


environmental solutions to "self-assemble

Corporate involvement
GLOBAL MARKET
Overseas environmental regulations
Growing consumer demand for a new
generation of environmentally friendly products
Green products and production techniques are a
competitive weapon
Example (1)
European directorate for the environment said it
would eliminate brominated flame retardants
used in electronics
GLOBAL MARKET
Siemens could not find a replacement
Sony Corp. produced a viable alternative
Example (2)
-New clean air emissions limits for
automobiles
-Honda and Toyota produced new
engines to meet and exceed
requirements.