You are on page 1of 3

CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF GLOBAL

WARMING

The biggest issues facing us right now is
global warming. Its effects on animals and on
agriculture are indeed frightening, and
the effects on the human population are even
scarier. One of the causes are mainly from us,
the human race, and the effects on us will be
severe.

The biggest cause of global warming is
carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel
burning power plants. Carbon dioxide
emissions come from electricity production
and burning coal accounts for 93% of
emissions from the electric utility industry.

Next, Methane emissions from animals and
agriculture. Methane is another extremely
potent greenhouse gas. When organic matter
is broken down by bacteria under oxygen-
starved conditions (anaerobic decomposition)
as in rice paddies, methane is produced. The
process also takes place in the intestines of
herbivorous animals.
Deforestation for wood, farmland and paper.
Forest trees, like all green plants, take in carbon
dioxide and release oxygen during photosynthesis.
When trees are cut down their stored carbon is
released into the air as carbon dioxide. And this is
how deforestation and forest degradation contribute
to global warming. 

Increase usage of chemical fertilizers on
croplands in the last half of the 20th century. The
high rate of application of nitrogen-rich fertilizers has
effects on the heat storage of cropland. In addition to
these effects, high nitrate levels in groundwater due
to over-fertilization are cause for concern for human
health.

Some of global warming effect is rise in sea levels
worldwide. Scientists predict an increase in sea
levels worldwide due to the melting of two massive
ice sheets in Antarctica and Greenland. Many nations
around the world will experience the effects of rising
sea levels, which could displace millions of people.

Next, global warming can cause massive crop
failures. Global Warming is expected to have the
most severe impact on water supplies. Global
warming will likely threaten food production, reduce
sanitation, hinder economic development and
damage ecosystems. 
Global warming also could lead to
widespread extinction of species. According to
research, by 2050, rising temperatures could
lead to the extinction of more than a million
species. This is scary news for humans
because, we can’t exist without a diverse
population of species on Earth.

Global warming also increase health risks.
As more carbon dioxide is trapped in the
atmosphere, breathable air becomes harder to
come by. If global warming continues, a lot of
money is needed to combat respiratory
diseases and symptoms.

In a nutshell, we cannot blame any single
entity for this as each and every human being
is responsible for the increasing threat of
global warming. This can only be solved only
by the global awareness and kind efforts of
everyone.