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Why hydrogen?

Renewables need
storage…

Short term needs

night day night

Seasonal needs

winter summer winter
Design and Cost Considerations
Design and Cost Considerations

Rodriguez et al., Design and cost considerations for practical solar-hydrogen generators, EES, 2014
PV-Electrolysis Efficiency
Demonstration

Silicon
Hetero-
Junction
Solar Cells

Schüttauf et al., Solar-to-Hydrogen Production at 14.2% Efficiency with Silicon Photovoltaics and Earth-
Abundant Electrocatalysts, JECS, 2016
PV-Electrolysis Efficiency
Demonstration
14.2% sun-to-hydrogen
efficiency

Schüttauf et al., Solar-to-Hydrogen Production at 14.2% Efficiency with Silicon Photovoltaics and Earth-
Abundant Electrocatalysts, JECS, 2016
Miniaturized Membrane-less Electrolyzer

O2 H2

Hashemi, et al. "A membrane-less electrolyzer for hydrogen production across the pH scale.“
Energy & Environmental Science, 2015
High performance across the pH scale

1 M Sulfuric Acid with Pt
Electrodes
Scale up

Areal scale up, microscale interelectrode distances
Electrochemical Power Sources
Membrane-less microfluidic fuel cell
based on two-phase flow
Modelling and Experimental
Demonstration

Best configurations:

1) Inexpensive material without
concentration: 14.2% STH work.

2) III-V cells with concentrated
sunlight

Multiphysics modeling : optimized
water flow for PV thermal
management and preheating
electrolyzer’s feed

Dumortier, et al. "Holistic design guidelines for solar hydrogen production by photo-electrochemical
Fully Integrated CIPEC demonstrator
Record stability, 20% solar-to-fuel efficiency, and cost
effective fuel production

Demonstrat LRESE High
or Design flux solar
simulator
Planar self-Tracking Solar
Concentrator

Passive tracking
system

Fully covers seasonal
tracking

Prototype concentration factor: 4x
Planar micro-tracking Solar
Concentrator

Certified Efficiency record:
36.4%
Project Achievements
Scientific output:
• 4 Patents
• 25 Journal Publications
Awards:
• Foreign Policy Magazine's “100 Leading Global Thinkers” Prize
• 2015 Energy and Environmental Science Readers' Award Lectureship
• Best Student Presentation Award from the OSA, Energy and the Environment
Congress
Acknowledgements
SHINE Team
Light Concentration (EPFL): C. Moser (PI), V. Zagolla, E.
Chinello
Optofluidics (EPFL): D. Psaltis (PI), M. Modestino, M. Hashemi
Modeling (EPFL): S. Haussener (PI), M. Durmotier, S.
Tembhurne
Photovoltaics (CSEM): J. Bailat (PI), D. Domine, J.W. Schüttauf
Catalysts (EMPA): A. Braun (PI), D. Bora, R. Toth