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Institusi pendidikan dan pengembangan ilmu kimia yang
bertumpu pada sumber daya lokal, memiliki nilai tambah dan
berwawasan lingkungan.

Materi dan

Apakah kimia? • Kimia adalah Ilmu yang mempelajari materi dan perubahannya • Materi.Perubahan yang menghasilkan materi berbeda/baru.Apapun yang menempati ruang dan memiliki massa. . • Perubahan Kimia.

Apakah materi dan energi ada hubungannya • Materi adalah apapun yang memiliki massa dan volume • Energi merupakan materi yang bergerak • 0 Kelvin dianggap suhu di mana materi tidak bergerak • Maka suhu berhubungan dengan massa yang bergerak 4 .

• adalah materi.yang dapat dilihat. dibau atau dirasakan…. disentuh. materi sangat kecil dikenali sebagai atom 5 . Di sekitar kita • Apapun yang ada di ruangan. Pada umumnya.

Gas 6 . Liquid • Gas. Solid • Cair. Setiap materi dapat dalam 3 keadaan: • Padat.

• In most substances. 7 . The atoms are joined in specific geometric arrangements. the atoms are joined together in units called molecules. Atoms and Molecules • Atoms are the tiny particles that make up all matter.

and gases − leading to different properties. liquids. Structure Determines Properties • The atoms or molecules have different structures in solids. 8 .

Matter: is it pure or impure Materi Zat murni Campuran Komposisi tetap Komposisi bervariasi Homogen Heterogen • Pure Substance = All samples are made of the same pieces in the same percentages.  Salt water 9 .  Salt • Mixtures = Different samples may have the same pieces in different percentages.

but whose appears to be presence can one substance. All portions of 2. Portions of a a sample have sample have the same different composition composition and properties. and properties. substances. Mixtures Heterogeneous Homogeneous 1. Made of multiple multiple substances. 10 . 2. be seen. Made of 1.

Matter Summary 11 .

12 .  Characteristics that describe the behavior of matter. materi berbeda memiliki sifat berbeda • Physical Properties are the characteristics of matter that can be changed without changing its composition. Setiap materi memiliki sifat.  Characteristics that are directly observable. • Chemical Properties are the characteristics that determine how the composition of matter changes as a result of contact with other matter or the influence of energy.

H2O Physical verses H2O Chemical Chapter One 13 .

Physical Properties Melting Point Boiling Point Electrical Thermal Magnetism Conductivity Conductivity Malleability Ductility Specific Heat Color Order Taste Solid Liquid Gas 14 .

• Iron can be magnetized. • Iron conducts electricity. but not as well as most other common metals. • Iron’s ductility and thermal conductivity are about average for a metal. Some Physical Properties of Iron • Iron is a silvery solid at room temperature with a metallic taste and smooth texture.87 g/cm3. 15 . • Iron’s density is 7.45 J of heat energy to raise the temperature of one gram of iron by 1°C. • Iron melts at 1538 °C and boils at 4428 °C. • It requires 0.

Chemical Properties Acidity Basicity Inertness Explosiveness Inflammable Flammable Oxidizing Reducing 16 .

• When iron is added to hydrochloric acid. it produces a solution of ferric chloride and hydrogen gas. Some Chemical Properties of Iron • Iron is easily oxidized in moist air to form rust. • Iron is more reactive than silver. 17 . but less reactive than magnesium.

• Salt melts at 801 °C = physical. 18 . • Salt is stable at room temperature. • 36 g of salt will dissolve in 100 g of water = physical. • When a clear. a white solid forms = chemical. granular solid = physical. it does not decompose = chemical. colorless solution of silver nitrate is added to a salt solution. Quiz: is it a Physical or Chemical Property • Salt is a white.

19 . the atoms that are present rearrange into new molecules. but all of the original atoms are still present. Matter can also go through Changes • Changes that alter the state or appearance of the matter without altering the composition are called physical changes. During the chemical change. Matter has Properties. • Changes that alter the composition of the matter are called chemical changes.

 You will observe different physical properties because the new substances have their own physical properties.  Also called chemical reactions.Is it a Physical or Chemical Change? • A physical change results in a different form of the same substance. 20 .  The new substances have different molecules than the original substances.  The kinds of molecules don’t change. • A chemical change results in one or more completely new substances.

• Subliming = solid to gas. Phase Changes Are Physical Changes • Boiling = liquid to gas. 21 . it is a solution process. • Melting = solid to liquid. • Freezing = liquid to solid. • Condensing = gas to liquid. • Deposition = gas to solid. • State changes require heating or cooling the substance.  Evaporation is not a simple phase change.

• Sugar fermenting into alcohol = chemical. • An egg splitting open and spilling out = physical. Quiz: is it a Physical or Chemical change • Evaporation of rubbing alcohol = physical. • Bubbles that form when hydrogen peroxide is mixed with blood = chemical. • Bubbles escaping from soda = physical. 22 . • Sugar turning black when heated = chemical.

Different Physical Property Technique Boiling point Distillation State of matter (solid/liquid/gas) Filtration Adherence to a surface Chromatography Volatility Evaporation Density Centrifugation and decanting 23 . Physical change. Separation of Mixtures • Separate mixtures based on different physical properties of the components.

Distillation: different boiling points 24 .

Filtration: different solubility's 25 .

Motion is related to temperature. Summary • Moving Matter has Energy. All energy formulas are relations between mass and temperature • Matter has 3 states States/Properties/Change • Matter has properties are all related to temperature and how much you have • Matter can change 26 .

Law of Conservation of Mass • Antoine Lavoisier • “Matter is neither created nor destroyed in a chemical reaction.” • The total amount of matter present before a chemical reaction is always the same as the total amount after. • butane + oxygen  carbon dioxide + water 58 grams + 208 grams  176 grams + 90 grams 266 grams = 266 grams 27 .

Law of Conservation of Energy • “Energy can neither be created nor destroyed.” • The total amount of energy in the universe is constant. • Note: neither Mass nor Energy are ever destroyed 28 . There is no process that can increase or decrease that amount.

005 mph or 500 mph 29 . • The harder you swing an ax the faster you can fall a tree. Energy • The Fundamental Principle of the Universe is Energy • From the Greeks to Newton to Quantum Mechanics Energy is known as the capacity to do work and is simply calculated by knowing the mass and velocity of a particle. • Guess what happens when you walk into a wall .