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KINETIC ENERGY

RECOVERY SYSTEM
(KERS)
•Usage of energy wasted (as mainly heat)
during breaking of F1cars for special “Boosts”

•Currently produces 80bhp in F1(the power of
an average sedan in India)

•Used in F1 cars to rotate flywheel mechanism
to generate mechanical energy from braking

•Also called Regenerative Braking

WHY TO USE IN ROAD CARS? It can save upto 20-30% fuel depending on driving styles Very useful in start-stop motoring Its emission free energy so reduces overall carbon footprint of car Its light weight setup and thus doesn’t add much to kerb weight Its cheap to research and apply. so can be used in most car and .

ThePorsche 918 runs a 500bhp V8 petrol engine combined with a 218bhp electric motor. . It uses KERS from Williams F1. RECENT ATTEMPTS In2010 Porsche unveiled a new concept supercar which they claim is close to production.

.contd)  Ferrari’s KERS hybrid supercar: ◦ Based on a 599 GTB Fiorano but features a Kinetic Energy Recovery System similar to that used by the F1 team ◦ It also complies with future CO2 emissions standards .RECENT ATTEMPTS(.

.contd) Porsche 911 GT3 R Hybrid: ◦ Uses technology supply by Williams Hybrid Power ◦ Attempt to “contribute to cleaner and more powerful vehicles” .RECENT ATTEMPTS(.

the rotational energy is sent to the rear wheels through a specially-developed transmission. Volvo says the KERS is "a light. but the KERS is fitted to the rear axle and collects rotational energy during deceleration. When the car starts moving again." The details are fairly technical.VOLVO TO TAKE IT TO NEXT LEVEL (Volvo is renowned for safe and sensible Road Cars) May 26. the company will begin testing the system later this year with the hopes of . cheap and very eco-efficient solution that makes a four-cylinder engine feel like a six at the same time as fuel consumption drops with up to 20 percent. If everything goes according to plan. 2011:Volvo has announced plans to develop and test a new flywheel kinetic energy recovery system . This setup allows the car's engine to be deactivated during deceleration and launch (ie: moving away from stop light) to improve fuel efficiency. While this doesn't sound terribly exciting.

VOLVO MECHANICAL KERS SYSTEM .

VOLVO MECHANICAL KERS SYSTEM .

KERS EXPLAINED BY VOLVO .

TYPES OF KERS Mechanical Electrical Hydraulic .

This system stores the mechanical energy. offers a big storage capacity and has the advantage of being independent from the gearbox. However. it requires some powerful and bulky actuators.   Thisis the same as shown in the video by VOLVO. . to be driven precisely. Mechanical Energy Recovery  Itconsisted of using a carbon flywheel in a vacuum linked via a CVT transmission to the differential. and lots of space.

Electrical Energy Recovery  Relies on an electrical motor. linked directly to the crankshaft of the V8 to deliver additional power. It is linked to the car’s standard electronic control unit. which works by charging the batteries under braking and releasing the power on acceleration. This system consists of three important parts: ◦ An electric motor (MGU: Motor Generator Unit) situated between the fuel tank and the engine. ◦ A control box (KCU: KERS Control Unit). ◦ Some latest generation ion-lithium batteries (HVB: High Voltage Battery Pack) capable of storing and delivering energy rapidly. which manages the behaviour of the MGU when charging and releasing energy. .

Hydraulic Energy Recovery The principle behind hydraulic KERS units. by contrast. But there are some fundamental problems here as well. One is the relatively low efficiency of rotary pumps and motors. is to reuse a vehicle’s kinetic energy by conducting pressurized hydraulic fluid into an accumulator during deceleration. heavy commercial vehicles but it makes this option unsuitable for road and racing cars. and their awkward form factor. Another is the weight of incompressible fluids. then conducting it back into the drive system during acceleration. None of this matters too much in. And a third is the amount of space needed for the hydraulic accumulators. . say.

overall benefits of this system are doubted. So. Batteries used currently are toxic and difficult to dispose off. THE PROBLEMS Current cars like PRIUS are facing criticism for creating more pollution is in its manufacture than is gained back over its operating life. . KERS system can weight between 70- 150 kgs and carrying extra weight consumes more fuel.

With proper research and development. .CONCLUSIONS-THE WAY AHEAD Changes in the materials in KERS system like carbon-fibre instead of steel in flywheel and use of silicon batteries for electrical energy storage can help in making the KERS system an undoubtedly viable system. in City or Hill driving even with its extra weight. a properly designed KERS car would outperform any regular car as the energy would not be lost via braking/engine braking on descent.