POEMS: Question 5

Miss Siti Sarah Nabillah Binti Mohd Hashim Hasni
Miss Noorzatul Iffah Binti Badrul Khairi

PT3 2014-2015
POEM 2014 2015 2016
The River / - ?
Nobody Plan - Build / Test / Evaluate
I wonder - /
Heir Conditioning / -
Leisure / - ?
Fighter’s Line - / ?

PT3: Question 5
• Poem:
– an expression of a poet’s ideas, emotions or
• 4 questions:
– 5 (a)
– 5 (b) General Understanding
– 5 (c)
– 5 (d) HOT Give suggestion/opinion + Reason
 Relate the poem to your life + Reason
Lesson learnt + explanation/justification

Basic Questions • What  Apa • Where  Di Mana • When  Bila • Which  Yang mana – Which word in Stanza 1 that shows…. – Which phrase… • Who  Siapa .

HOT Questions • How  Bagaimana • Why  Kenapa • Suggest  Cadangkan • Give solutions  Berikan pendapat .

IMPORTANT WORDS • Poet = The person who writes the poem • Persona / Voice = – Character – Who is telling the story? • Setting = Place / Time • Theme = One word  Bravery .

• Moral Value/Message/Value We must______________ We should_____________ • Word  Perkataan • Phrase  beberapa patah perkataan (2-3) .

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A nomad. a tramp. He gurgles and hums. He just cannot be still. The river’s a baby. The river’s a hoarder. Through valley and hill He twists and he turns. And he buries down deep Those little treasures That he wants to keep. The River The river’s a wanderer. And sounds like he’s happily Sucking his thumbs. The river’s a winder. He doesn't choose any one place To set up his camp. .

the river will continue flowing by adapting the surface of the Earth. The river is like a person. Stanza 2 In stanza 2. . nomad and tramp. the river is portrayed as a hoarder. Even though there are valleys or hills upfront. a wanderer who keeps on moving from one place to the other without stopping at any particular place for long. Stanza 3 In stanza 3. Same goes to the river which continues flowing and never stops. It’s because when the river flows. it won’t stop to evade things which come across its way. a hoarder who likes to accumulate or gather things which are well hidden or guarded from others at its base or bottom. It keeps twisting and turning and just can't seem to be able to keep still as if it does not rest or stops. It talks about the inability of the river to remain at rest like a child who is unable to keep still. The river will carry all the things with it and bury them in the river bed. All the hidden things at the bottom of the river gives it a mysterious aura. The river is like a person. Meaning Stanza 1 The focus in stanza 1 is about the words wanderer. the river is characterized as a winder.

Because. Same goes to the river. Stanza 6 The river is said to be a monster which can cause massive destruction when it's angry. it will be a disaster that no one could stop it until it alleviate itself.when the water level increases and the speed of the stream is boosted. While moving. a baby’s voice sometimes can be too loud and sometimes it can be too slow. The sound of running water of a river is characterized as the sound of a baby gurgling. whenever he goes fast down the stream the sound is loud and when it comes to a more flat ground. the river is portrayed as a singer seeing that the river’s movement is significant to the movement of a singer on the stage. the river moves with sounds and the sound of flowing water of the river resonates and is heard throughout the countryside. humming and sucking his thumb. It shows how a calm river can turn into a destructive force of nature especially during a flood which in turn can destroy properties and even cause death to people. Stanza 5 In stanza 5. the sound lessen and sometimes it cannot be heard.• Stanza 4 In stanza 4. the river is pictured as a baby. . In addition.

Moral Values: We must strive for stability in life. • We should face our problems positively. The hidden meaning behind the word 'river' refers to man. Man can choose to lead a stable life or move around in search of his dreams and experiences. man collects experiences and memories. . • We should not destroy other people when facing challenges. • We should take care of our environment by not polluting our environment and cutting down trees. man also faces challenges in life and this can prompt him to be destructive.• Setting: The poem is set in the countryside as the persona talks about the river. • Themes: The main theme in this poem is man and life. During his travels. • We should keep good memories in life and people close to us. Besides that. hills and surrounding area. • We must value life experiences.

And scatters pine afar. By none of us are made. Are not our boots they all belong We leave the oiling to be done To Mr. Who does the mischief that is done That kettles cannot boil. In everybody's house! His are the feet that bring in mud. prithee. He pulls the buttons from our shirts. There's no one ever sees his face. And yet we all agree The papers always are mislaid. But Mr. Nobody. By Mr. That every plate we break was Who had them last but he? cracked There's no one tosses them about By Mr. don't you see. `Tis he who always tears our books. We never leave the blind unclosed. He pits damp wood upon the fire. As quiet as a mouse. That lying round you see For. Nobody . Nobody. the boots squeak. Mr Nobody I know a funny little man. To let the curtains fade. That squeaking door will always The ink we never spill. And all the carpets soil. The finger marked upon the door Who leaves the door ajar. Nobody.

they leave the squeaking door to be oiled by the boy for him to learn. a child within that age usually does not talk much rather than making things that require them to learn. Some of the troubles are the books have been torn. However. Meaning • Stanza 1 The funny little man mentioned in the poem is a little boy. . they often create trouble to people around them. This is because. perhaps three to five years old. Like in this stanza. the buttons have been pulled out from the shirts and the pins are scattered. there are cracked plates but people tend not to scold them because they are in the learning process though people know they do it. However. seeing that the little boy needs to learn. Stanza 2 The same thing happen mentioned in this stanza. the child creates another trouble in the house.

the child may be doing something that may annoy some other people. though people like Mr. we as adult or people that are older and already matured must show a good talent for them to follow the right role model. Mr. bringing the mud into the house and make the carpet soiled. Nobody puts damp woods upon the fire which causes the kettle cannot be boiled.• Stanza 3 Within this age also. they need to be directed and to be taught the meaning of life. leaving the boots not in the right place and spilling inks. Nobody • Stanza 4 However. People know that no one could do such things except for Mr. Not to forget they become like that because they are in the process of learning. Nobody does not know the meaning of privacy which he lets the door and the curtain open. Therefore. and papers are mislaid. Nobody is quite troubling. . For example in this stanza. The examples are given in this stanza such as Mr.

In a family. • We should have respect for other people's properties. things get broken.• Setting: The poem is set in a house and the area around the house. Cultivate good habits for everyone's sake and comfort. • We must not be careless when using our own things or other people's possessions. it is normal for a family to have someone who does mischievousness but will not admit it. misplaced and thrown around by an unseen person. Moral values: We must work together to look after the family home. Besides that. We should allocate work clearly and be responsible for our own actions. we might take things done by other people for granted. • We must be willing to admit our mistakes and carelessness. he also messes up the house and dirties the place. . Another theme is respect for every member of the family. • We must value and appreciate the things at home. The persona talks about the situation in the house and things happening in it. Themes: The main theme in this poem is family life which is full of mischievousness from the children. We should appreciate the work done by other people.

do you suppose. And told the trees to take a rest? O. Where can the missing bit be found? Who lights the stars. That Dad won't tell me. if he knows? . And hangs the fluffy clouds so high? Why is it now. I Wonder I wonder why the grass is green. when they blow out. And why the wind is never seen? Who taught the birds to build a nest. when the moon is not quite round. And makes the lightning flash about? Who paints the rainbow in the sky.

. Stanza 2 The wind has subsided and the trees have stopped swaying. The child is curious to find out who taught the birds this skill. She questions why the grass is green and the wind is only felt but not seen. Meaning • Stanza 1 The child is outdoors on a windy day. Stanza 3 The child's thoughts drift to the moon in the sky. The birds are building their nests in the trees. Stanza 4 The child is also keen to know who lights the stars when they "malfunction" and who causes lightning to streak across the skies. She wonders about the different phases of the moon. Stanza 5 The fascinated child also wants to find out who is behind the colours of the rainbow ans the downy clouds above.

• We must have a strong desire to learn a lot of knowledge. • Care for our environment. . Themes: A child’s curiosity. • The wonders of nature. • Moral values : There is an existence of God. Children loves to ask questions about anything that they do not understand.• The persona of the poem: The persona is the voice in the poem (the person who might say the lines in the poem) • The persona might be an inquisitive child who observes the world around her. People who take time to stop and appreciate nature will find that nature is amazing.

Heir Conditioning I am old and worn And have lost all my strength Sufferings And the history of the fight for independence Have forced sacrifices That know no name Or life From the wheelchair of the rest of my days I. body and energy crushed See and cannot do much These times are too big a challenge For the remnants of my crippled years The net of deceit spread everywhere Disturbs me In the name of justice Wake up and form ranks sons of our ancestor Be brave And erect a wall of people .

Meaning • Stanza 1 In the first stanza. His grandparents add. He also asks his grandmother what were the possibilities for them to communicate without faxes and long distance calls compared to the world nowadays. streams and hills is because of their ignorance. The reason on why they did not experience all the pollution. they were lack of knowledge by that time. stress. Then he asks his grandmother regarding the condition when she used paper fans to cool herself. the nature turns to fear the entire human race and money is the only obsession to human. the poet asks his grandparents about the life before the technology arouse and become the important usage in the world nowadays. . traffic jams. He asks his grandfather was it complicated to live in the life without technology as he refers the technology to the invention of the air cons. Stanza 2 The second stanza shows the answers given by the poet’s grandparents that sum up all the questions in one simple answer. and destruction of forests. the only thing that they fear is God and nature but now.

stress. They are the grandparents and the grandchild. the world becomes hotter and that is the reason why some technologies are created to blind humans with the fake comfort that the technologies bring them. Technology Brings More Harm It may seem that we are living in comfort with all the technology that keeps on improving. . traffic jams. but we do not realize the harms that the technology has brought us. The child does not realize that because of the technology itself. Technological advancements have other setbacks such us pollution. electric fans and air cons. For example. . The problems mentioned in the poem also allude to current problems faced by today's generation. rivers and hills. and destruction of forests. Persona: There are two personas in the poem.• Setting: The poem is written in twentieth century setting as there are references to modern gadgets such as air cond and faxes. The grandchild thinks that it is impossible for their grandparents to live in comfort with the help of technology. Themes: 1.

Importance of Preserving Nature God created nature to preserve life. the poet gives the consequences of not preserving nature -pollution. forest and hills have been destroyed and streams have been polluted. However. On the contrary the poet says that “now nature fears you and money is your new God”. They do not care for nature but gives priority to riches and money rather than practicing good values such as preserving God’s creation. the more they need to preserve the nature. 3.• 2. Humans seem not to aware that the more pollution they make. This indicates that the younger generation has become more materialistic. This has destroyed the natural habitat of many species of animals and plants which help to retain balance in our ecosystem . stress. In stanza 2. Fear The older generations were God-fearing people and respected His creation nature. In paving the way for development. streams and hills. traffic jams. today’s generation does not fear God. destruction of forest.

• We must pay a high price for development . • Do not take things for granted.• Moral Values: • We must be grateful with what we have. • Progress brings advantages and disadvantages • The younger generation has different values.

body and energy crushed See and cannot do much These times are too big a challenge For the remnants of my crippled years The net of deceit spread everywhere Disturbs me In the name of justice Wake up and form ranks sons of our ancestor Be brave And erect a wall of people Stand up heirs of our freedom . Fighter’s Line I am old and worn And have lost all my strength Sufferings And the history of the fight for independence Have forced sacrifices That know no name Or life From the wheelchair of the rest of my days I.

Meaning • Stanza 1: The poet once had become a soldier and he had suffered a lot to fight for independence from invaders. The poet says that there is nothing much he can do as these times are too challenging. Stanza 3: The poet now urges new generation to fight for their freedom. First we have to be united regardless of our races or religions and fight for the sake of our nation’s country. Stanza 4: The poet also claims that he cannot affect others to fight for freedom as he is old and has no will to protect the country and it is the responsibility of the young ones to speak out their opinions. Stanza 2: During that time. . they fought with all of their will and as the consequences now he is wheelchair bound due to the loss of energy and he is now old enough to only be able to sit on the while writing this poem. After years of independent. the poet sees that the people trying to destroy themselves by engulfing into the world full of lies.

This is shown in Stanza 2 (Line 1).home where he sits and ponders on the day’s problems. • First is in an independent country. This is shown by the line.independent of colonial rule and any foreign control. there are two settings.• Setting: In this poem. • The second setting is an old man sitting on a wheelchair inside his abode.’ The word ‘history’ tells us that the persona is reflecting the past. ‘from the wheelchair of the rest of my days’. ‘and the history of the fight for independence have forced sacrifices that know no name or life. .

• Themes: 1. He tells them to stand up and speak with courage. In the past. Another theme is being courageous. They have achieved independence but now there are other threats such as deceit. people made many sacrifices and fought bravely with the country's enemies for their freedom. They should stand united by building a wall of people or forming ranks irrespective of racial. people were united when they fought for independence. Patriotism. the persona urges the younger generation to be brave and fight against other threats in the country. the persona emphasises that the younger generation who has inherited a free country should unite to preserve their freedom. divided we fall". Patriotism is one of the themes of this poem. The "lines" in the poem. The persona calls on the younger generation to fight for justice and to speak up against deceit. religious and other social differences. Now. In the past. 2. Being courageous. Now. A Fighter's Lines refer to the persona's lines and the lines or ranks formed for unity. 3. The people in this country have made a lot of sacrifices to fight for their freedom. We have to be united and strong as in the saying. "United we stand. Unity. This affects the country's safety. .

The persona urges the younger generation to stand up against the widespread lies which are rampant in society today. 2. We must be brave to uphold justice. the persona and other soldiers sacrificed and risked their lives when they fought for independence.• Values: 1. Now. he wants the younger generation to make sacrifices too to preserve their freedom. he is wheelchair- bound because he was either crippled in the war or is now old and sick. 3. . We must be united to preserve our freedom. The persona wants the younger generation to stand united regardless of their differences to ensure their freedom. Now. he urges them to stand united and uphold justice to preserve the freedom and safety of the country. We must be willing to make sacrifices to preserve our independence. Therefore. This 'net of deceit' worries his as it can destroy the solidarity of the people. In the fight for independence.

full of . And watch her feet. A poor life this is if. No time to see. No time to stand beneath the boughs And stare as long as sheep or cows. No time to turn at Beauty's glance. No time to see. full of care. No time to wait till her mouth enrich that smile her eyes began. how they can dance. Leisure What is this life if. in broad daylight. Where squirrels hide their nuts in grass. like stars at night. Streams full of stars. when woods we pass. We have no time to stand and stare.

. Stanza 2: Working people nowadays have no time to rest and have some leisure time as they are too busy earning money for living. Stanza 3: We have no time to experience the fresh air and the excitement of spending time in the jungle watching how the nature of the Earth works as we are too busy working in the town. Meaning • Stanza 1: The poet asks of how this life would mean if we have the time to take a rest and feel the beauty of life.

. Stanza 7: The poet feels that a life without appreciating the nature is seen as a lifeless life because we don’t have the time for our self to care of the beauty of nature. Stanza 6: We have no time to even take a look at our mothers to curve a smile again and the eyes that hide all the pain and suffer in raising us.• Stanza 4: Since nowadays people work very hard in the daylight. As a result. they turn to be tired at night. Stanza 5: We have no time to care about our mothers. how they take care of us and doing the house chores in order to raise us and to make us live in a happy and comfortable environment. they have no time to enjoy the beauty of the night seeing that they need to sleep for their body need to rest to start working early in the morning the next day.

see "streams full of stars" and see nature and people dance. Themes: Lack of recreational activities in life The poem highlights that in today's world we have forgotten to put time aside for recreational activities.like watching "squirrels hide their nuts in grass". The poet draws our attention to the fact that life has no meaning if we only concentrate on our work and we have "no time to sand". the persona thinks and wonders about life. In the poem. "no time to turn" and "no time to wait". "no time to see". We have to give meaning to our life by putting aside some time for leisure and to observe the simple things around us . . He believes that life should be enjoyed at a slower pace. Setting: The poem is set in the countryside as the persona wonders why man is not taking time off or leisure to enjoy the simple pleasures of life. he loves outdoor and nature and he wants everybody to think about their life too.• Persona: The persona could be the poet himself.

Life has no meaning if we do not enjoy and appreciate the beauty around us.the beauty of nature around us. Moral Values: Lead a balanced life We must make sure we maintain a balance. For instance we have "to stand beneath the boughs" and take in the beauty of nature as it unfolds before us.• Enjoy nature The poem draws our attention to the beauty of life around us. We must ensure time is set aside for leisure so that we become more balanced and harmonious individuals. We have to take time to look around us and take in simple pleasures given to us by nature. . Appreciate nature We must ensure we put aside sufficient time to enjoy what God has given us .