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Chemical Reaction

parts are mixed together
to make something new
Types of Reactions
1. Synthesis reactions
2. Decomposition reactions
3. Single displacement reactions
4. Double displacement reactions

You need to be able to identify each type.
1. Synthesis

Example C + O2

C + O O  O C O

General: A + B  AB
Synthesis
• Predict the products.

2 Na(s) + Cl2(g)  2 NaCl(s)

MgF2(s)
Mg(s) + F2(g) 

2 3 2 AlF3(s)
Al(s) + F2(g) 

Synthesis = join together
2. Decomposition

Example: NaCl

Cl Na  Cl + Na

General: AB  A + B
Decomposition
• Predict the products.

2 HgO  Hg2 + O2

2KCl + 3O2
2KClO3 

Decomposition = split apart
3. Single Replacement
Example: Zn + CuCl2

Cu Zn
Cl Cl + Zn  Cl Cl + Cu

General: AB + C  AC + B
Single Replacement Reactions

• Predict the products.
Cl2 + 2NaBr  2NaCl + Br2
C AB AC B
2HgO + Cl2  2HgCl + O2
4. Double Replacement

Example: MgO + CaS

Mg Ca Mg Ca
+  +
O S S O

General: AB + CD  AD + CB
Single Replacement Reactions

• Predict the products.
CuCl2 + H2S  CuS + 2HCl

BaCl2 + Na2SO4  2NaCl + BaSO4
Synthesis Decomposition
join together split apart

A + B  AB AB  A + B

Single Double
Replacement Replacement
trade 1 place trade 2 places
AB + C  AC + B AB + CD  AC + BD
Which type of reaction?

4 P + 5 O2  P4O10

Synthesis
Which type of reaction?

Cl2 + 2NaBr  2NaCl + O2

Single Replacement
Which type of reaction?

BaCl2 + Na2SO4 2NaCl + BaSO4

Double
Replacement
Which type of reaction?

2 HgO + Cl2 2HgCl + O2

Single Replacement
Which type of reaction?

2 Al2O3  4 Al + 3 O2

Decomposition
Which type of reaction?

CuCl2 + H2S  CuS + 2HCl

Double
Replacement
Which type of reaction?

3 H2 + N2  2 NH 3

Synthesis
Which type of reaction?

2 HgO  2Hg + O2

Decomposition