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Local Area Networking

Data Communications
 Is any system of computers, computer terminals
or computer peripheral equipment used to
transmit/receive information between two or
more locations

Access Point

Data network

Data Network Classifications

 Local Area Networks
ex. Office Computer System
 Metropolitan Area Networks
ex . Bank to bank computer access
 Wide Area Networks
ex. Continental business access
 Global Area Networks
ex. Internet and Satellite Communications

A data network covering a relatively small geographical area. . Data Network Classifications Local Area Networks .

but smaller than wide-area networks (WANs). Data Network Classifications Metropolitan Area Networks . MANs are larger than local area networks (LANs). In terms of geographic breadth. .A data network designed for a town or city.

. Data Network Classifications Wide Area Networks .A data networks that serve users across a broad geographic area and often uses transmission devices provided by common carriers.

A data networks designed to interconnect computer systems around the entire globe. Data Network Classifications Global Area Networks . .

Networking Media Copper Media . Unshielded Twisted Pair .Twisted Pair ex.

Reason behind twisting  Cancellation .

Reason behind twisting  Differential signal generation .3V +3V data data +3V Receiving end Noise at random intervals of time .

Shielded Twisted Pair . Networking Media (STP) Twisted Pair Ex.

Thicknet (RG-8 or RG-11) 10Base2 ethernet network 10Base5 ethernet network RG-58 Cable RG-8 Cable RG-11 Cable .Thinnet (RG-58) for . Networking Media  Coaxial Cable .

Single Mode FOC . Networking Media Optical Media .Fiber Optic Cable ex.

Fiber Optic Cable ex. Networking Media Optical Media . Multimode FOC .

Most Commonly Used Medium In Local Area Networking  Twisted Pair .UTP Cat 5 and above Now CAT 7 is ready for system upgrade .

Unshielded Twisted Pair  The following summarizes the features of UTP Cable:  SPEED AND THROUGHPUT = 10 to 1000 Mbps  AVERAGE COST PER NODE = Least expensive  MEDIA AND CONNECTOR SIZE = Small  MAXIMUM CABLE LENGTH = 100 m .

UTP Cabling Types  Cat 1 – Used for telephone communication  Cat 2 – Capable of transmitting data at speeds up to 4 Mbps  Cat 3 – Used in 10BASET ethernet at speeds up to 10 Mbps  Cat 4 – Used in Token Ring Networks at speeds up to 16 Mbps  Cat 5 – Used in Fast ethernet at speeds up to 100 Mbps  Cat 5e – Gigabit Ethernet speeds up to 1000 Mbps  Cat 6 – Used in 10Gigabit Ethernet  Cat 7 – Used in 10Gigabit Ethernet and above .

This is a commercial building standard for telecommunications pathways and spaces. TIA/EIA-568-A . RJ45 connector . A. UTP Implementation  Cable Specification or Standards are set of rules or procedures that are widely used and serve as the accepted method of performing a task.

TIA/EIA-568-B . .This is a commercial building telecommunication cabling standard. RJ45 connector . UTP Implementation A.This standard focuses on horizontal cabling from wall outlet to the work area to a wiring closet.

Straight-through cable – a cable that maintains the pin connection. UTP Implementation  Types of UTP Network Cable a. .

Hub to PC or router . Switch to PC or server c. Switch to router b. UTP Implementation Applications of a straight-through cable a.

. Crossover cable – a cable that crosses the critical pair to properly align. transmit and receive signals on the device with line connection. UTP Implementation b.

Router to router . UTP Implementation Applications of a crossover cable a. Hub to hub d. Router to PC e. PC to PC f. Switch to hub c. Switch to switch b.

UTP Implementation Pin Locations on RJ45 Connectors TIA/EIA-568-A TIA/EIA-568-B Pin-outs Pin-outs 1 = White Green 1 = White Orange 2 = Green 2 = Orange 3 = White Orange 3 = White Green 4 = Blue 4 = Blue 5 = White Blue 5 = White Blue 6 = Orange 6 = Green 7 = White Brown 7 = White Brown 8 = Brown 8 = Brown .

5...... UTP Implementation Pin Outs on RJ45 Connectors TIA/EIA-568-A TIA/EIA-568-B Pin-outs Pin-outs 1 = White Green .......-TD/RD + 4 = Blue 4 = Blue 5 = White Blue 5 = White Blue 6 = Orange ......................8 ARE HAVING NO CONNECTION  TD – TRANSMIT SIGNAL ...........7....-TD/RD + 3 = White Green .RD/TD + 1 = White Orange .............RD/TD + 2 = Green ...TD/RD - 8 = Brown 7 = White Brown 8 = Brown  RD – RECEIVE SIGNAL PINS 4...TD/RD - 7 = White Brown 6 = Green ........RD/TD - 3 = White Orange ...RD/TD - 2 = Orange ...........

6 TD . 5 NC 7 NC 4 NC 4 NC 6 RD - 8 NC 5 NC 5 NC 7 NC 6 RD . UTP Implementation Pin Locations on RJ45 Connectors STRAIGHT-THROUGH CABLE CROSSOVER CABLE 1 RD + 1 TD + 1 RD + 1 TD + 2 RD – 3 TD + 2 TD – 2 RD – 2 TD – 4 NC 3 RD + 3 TD + 3 RD + 5 NC 4 NC 6 TD . 8 NC 7 NC 7 NC .

UTP Implementation Pin Locations on RJ45 Connectors  Ethernet Standards for RJ45 Connector Only Pairs 2 and 3 are used when having an Ethernet except Gigabit E .

RJ45 module female jack . Networking Connectors  Copper Media Connectors . Twisted Pair Cable Connectors and Jacks ex. RJ45 male jack ex.

Networking Connectors  Twisted Pair Connectors (communication cables. 25-pair cables) ex UY Connectors .

Networking Connectors  Coaxial Cable Connectors F type connector T connector PL-259 .

Connector . Networking Connectors  Optical Media Connectors .Connector SC .Fiber Optic Cable Connectors ST.

Computer H Computer X With a broadband connection Has a WLAN connection Sent : hi! Received: hi! . .A structural guideline for information transfer -A great compatibility and interoperability among various types of network technologies.