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AFRICA

(DARK CONTINENT)

DID YOU KNOW?
• Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent. At
about 30.3 million km² including adjacent islands, it covers six percent of
Earth's total surface area and 20.4 percent of its total land area.
• The current population of Africa is 1,219,081,686 as of Wednesday, August
10, 2016, based on the latest United Nations estimates. Africa population is
equivalent to 16.14% of the total world population. Africa ranks number 2
among regions of the world (roughly equivalent to "continents"), ordered by
population.
• Africa is the hottest continent on earth; dry lands and deserts comprise 60%
of the entire land surface. The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest hot
desert, and temperature above 37.78C.

beneath flat-topped Table Mountain. forest and lagoons along the Garden Route. Southern Sotho . craggy cliffs at the Cape of Good Hope. and the city of Cape Town. Bloemfontein Official languages: English. Zulu. Inland safari destination Kruger National Park covers vast shrublands populated by big game. wild beaches. Cape Town. Afrikaans.Click icon to add picture SOUTH AFRICA is a country on the southernmost tip of the African continent. the Western Cape encompasses lush winelands around Stellenbosch and Paarl. Capitals: Pretoria. Xhosa. marked by several distinct ecosystems.

77-million Capitals Pretoria (administrative) Cape Town (legislative) Bloemfontein (judicial) Provinces Eastern Cape. comprising a national government and nine provincial governments.Northern Cape.Limpopo. Mpumulanga.North West. KwaZulu-Natal . Gauteng. Population (Census 2011): 51. Legal system: Based on Roman-Dutch law and the 1996 Constitution.FACTS! Official name: Republic of South Africa Form of state: A federal state.WesternCape.Free State.

Tunisia and Western Sahara. Most of the countries in North Africa are predominantly Muslim. and the countries of the Nile Valley are Egypt and Sudan.WHAT ARE SOME INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT NORTH AFRICA? North Africa is composed of two basic regions: the Maghreb and the Nile Valley. Morocco. The countries in the Maghreb are Algeria.000 languages are spoken across all of Africa. . Arabic is the dominant language of North Africa. Libya. While over 2.

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Comoros.Click icon to add picture EAST AFRICA or Eastern Africa is the easterly region of the African continent. Rwanda. Tanzania. Seychelles. Burundi. Uganda. Wikipedia Countries: Kenya. Ethiopia.Madagascar . variably defined by geography or geopolitics. Somalia.

TOURIST ATTRACTIONS .

853 km Mouth: Mediterranean Sea Sources: White Nile. Cities: Cairo. South Sudan. Khartoum. THE NILE is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa. Gezira Island. Length: 6. generally regarded as the longest river in the world. Aswan Bridge Click icon to .853 km long. It is 6. Blue Nile Countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo. more Bridges: Qasr al-Nil Bridge. Jinja. Juba Islands: Elephantine. Elnabatat's Island. Philae. Desouk Bridge. 6th October Bridge.

and is featured in the Flag of Cape Town and other local government insignia.085 m Prominence: 1.055 m First ascent: 1503 First ascender: António de Saldanha .TA B L E M O U N TA I N is a flat-topped mountain forming a prominent landmark overlooking the city of Cape Town in South Africa. Elevation: 1.

and "Shira".895 metres above sea level.900 m from its base to 5. "Kibo". Elevation: 5.MOUNT KILIMANJARO with its three volcanic cones. It is the highest mountain in Africa. "Mawenzi".895 m First ascent: 1889 Prominence: 5.885 m Easiest route: Hiking Mountain range: Eastern Rift mountains First ascenders: Ludwig Purtscheller. and rises approximately 4. Hans Meyer . is a dormant volcano in Tanzania.

Address: Zambia Height: 108 m Elevation: 885 m Number of drops: 1 Watercourse: Zambezi .V I T O R I A FA L L S or Mosi-oa-Tunya. is a waterfall in southern Africa on the Zambezi River at the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Egypt Construction started: 2560 BC Height: 139 m Opened: 2540 BC Architectural styles: Pyramid. Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Giza Governorate.T H E G R E AT PYRAMID OF GIZA is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex bordering what is now El Giza. and the only one to remain largely intact. Ancient Egyptian architecture . Address: Al Haram.

" Wikipedia Max length: 3.9 km west of the coast of Bloubergstrand.ROBBEN ISLAND is an island in Table Bay.9 km .3 km Max width: 1. Cape Town. The name is Dutch for "seal island. South Africa. 6.

165 m Area: 775. The highest peak is 4.500km across northwestern Africa. the Atlas are dotted with Berber villages and riven with canyons and ravines. separating the Atlantic and Mediterranean coastline from the Sahara Desert. Algeria and Tunisia. Actually a series of mountain ranges with diverse terrain. a trekking destination within Morocco's Toubkal National Park. Elevation: 4.340 km² Highest point: Toubkal Age of rock: Precambrian Countries: Morocco.167m-tall Toubkal. spanning Morocco. climates and wildlife. Tunisia .T H E AT L A S M O U N TA I N S extend some 2. Algeria.

PEOPLE IN AFRICA .

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For example there are more than thirty tribes within Uganda. made up of innumerable tribes and people of many social and ethnic groups. Below is a list of some of the major tribes found in Africa along with their approximate population. Some of these groups are made up of just a few thousand people while others consist of millions of people. . Each group usually has its own language and culture. To give you a better idea of the diversity of the people of Africa below is a list of interesting facts about the people of Africa written for List of Major kids and African Tribes adults. Many African countries have numerous tribes within their borders.The population of Africa is incredibly diverse.

20 million Somali .10 million Shona .10 million .16 million Ijaw .Arab .14 million Mandinka .65 million Hausa .13 million Kongo .27 million Akan .30 million Fula .30 million Yoruba .20 million Amhara .30 million Oromo .30 million Igbo .15-17 million Hutu .10 million Zulu .100 million Berber .

The people of Africa have more physical variations than any other continent. There are over 2100 languages spoken in Africa (some estimate over 3000 languages). Islam. . Some practice these alongside Christianity. and Hinduism are the main religions practiced. Judaism is also present in many parts of Africa.INTERESTING FACTS! There are an estimated 3. However many of the people practice traditional African religions.000 tribes/groups in Africa. The average life expectancy in Africa ranges from 74 years in Mauritius to approximately 32 years in Swaziland. or Hinduism. Christianity. Islam.

Nigeria has the highest population of all African countries with 158 million people. Some Sudanese tribes are among the tallest people (on average) in the world.The shortest people in the world.45 m (4. Ethiopia is second with 82 million.33 m (4 feet).3 percent a year. In some of the tribes the average height of a man is six feet and four inches. and Egypt third with 80 million. The population of Africa grew from 221 million in 1950 to 1 billion in 2009. Africa's population is estimated to double from approximately . The Surma tribe in southwestern Ethiopia is famous due to their women wearing lip plates. the pygmies. Africa's population growth is 2. live in Africa. The Wodaabe people do not name their children until they reach twelve years old.34 feet) and the average women is 1. The average man is 1. where as for women it is six feet.

the continent's various populations and individuals are mostly adherents of Christianity.Religion in Africa is multifaceted and has been a major influence on art. Islam. religious beliefs are also sometimes characterized with syncretism with the beliefs and practices of traditional religions. In Christian or Islamic communities. . culture and philosophy. Today. and to a lesser extent Traditional African religion.

CULTURE .

e Kings and Chiefs. This can be portrayed in the willingness to adapt to the ever changing modern world rather than staying rooted to their static culture. Even though African cultures are widely diverse. persuaded by European culture and Christianity. when closely studied. but with the increase of . The Westernized few. it is also. many cultures can be discovered. It is a product of the diverse populations that today inhabit the continent of Africa and the African Diaspora. but within a single country. music and languages. consisting of a mixture of tribes that each have their own unique characteristics. clothing. seen to have many similarities. with it not only changing from one country to another. the morals they uphold. African culture is expressed in its arts and crafts. Africa is so full of culture.The culture of Africa is varied and manifold. their love and respect for their culture as well as the strong respect they hold for the aged and the important i. first denied African traditional culture. Africa has influenced and been influenced by other countries. folklore and religion. cuisine. For example.

PRODUCTS .

they employ more than 2500 skilled personnel in their macadamia and cashew nut processing department. . the Kenya Nut Company grows and processes organic nuts that have the exciting taste of Africa. Their brands meet the highest international standards as they have a commitment to the integrity and quality of their products. today the Kenya Nut Company is one of the leading macadamia nut processors worldwide. Presently. Their brands include Out of Africa and Nutfields which also specialise in coffee. Established in 1972.Click icon to add picture T H E K E N YA N U T C O M PA N Y Nestled in the misty highlands of East Africa. tea and chocolate.

green coffee and tea bags. The brand is dedicated to sustainable organic agriculture.Click icon to add picture OUT OF AFRICA is one of the most popular brands belonging to the Kenya Nut Company (KNC). Out of Africa produces roasted coffee. Out of Africa is one of the leading producers of nuts. . Coffee is available in ground and bean and is organic with full traceability. teabags and coffee in East Africa.

everywhere in the world.Click icon to add picture O L I B E RT E S H O E S is a sustainable brand supporting workers’ rights in sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopia. they also became the world’s first Fair Trade Certified™ footwear manufacturing factory. they gained enough momentum to launch our very own factory in 2012. . Oliberté started off as a small footwear company partnering with factories and suppliers in Africa. Oliberté make every single pair of Oliberté shoes at this factory in Addis Ababa. This means making premium quality products with a lifetime warranty. In 2009. Since then. transparency. and doing right by all. with respect. Oliberté believe in empowerment. and it means treating every employee. In September 2013.

April 2014). Harar and Sidamo. This guarantees the best possible aroma and very low acidity of our coffee. roasting. Solino is an arabica highland coffee from the areas of Yirgacheffee.4% of total world coffee production (The Africa Report. It is roasted in a traditional drum roaster at very low temperature for 22 minutes. responsible for 4. packaging and branding is entirely done in Ethiopia. Solino is one of the first fully made- in-Ethiopia to reach Europe. harvesting. . This means that the growing.Click icon to add picture SOLINO Ethiopia is the largest producer of coffee in sub-Saharan Africa. processing.

. They’re the first honey producers in Ethiopia to be delivering honey to foreign buyers and it was one of the first African companies to export honey to a European market.Click icon to add picture BEZA MAR are experts in Ethiopian Honey and are dedicated to improving the livelihoods of Ethiopian beekeepers. Beza Mar are extremely strict about the quality of their honey.

Meru has obtained an organic certification from the English company Soil Association Certification Ltd. For generations the rich volcanic soil of Meru has allowed farmers to grow the most succulent fruits and vegetables. process. and sauces. and today it sends a significant part of its production to Europe. .Click icon to add picture MERU HERBS A co-op of approximately 500 farmers situated on the slopes of Mount Kenya. and the US. Japan. available through Fair Trade distribution channels. Meru Herbs produce. jams. and provide a range of certified organic products. Meru Herbs have captured the identity. vitality and taste of the region in their high-quality teas. They produce organic certified tea bags for both People Tree and Altromercato.

hand-wrapped chocolate and vanilla products on the continent of Africa. Madécasse was born. and the average person lives off of less than a dollar a day. By providing equipment and training – and producing the entire product locally – Madécasse is able to provide 100% of production costs to the people of Madagascar.Click icon to add picture M A D E C A SS E Brooklyn-based Madécasse was founded in 2008 by former Peace Corps volunteers. they came to understand why Africa remains the poorest continent in the world—it supplies 70% of the world’s cocoa but 0% of its chocolate. Madagascar is the 10th poorest country in the world. Madécasse was named one of the “World’s 50 Most Innovative Companies” in 2011 by Fast Company. While living in Madagascar. becoming the only company producing high quality bean-to-bar. and the “2012 Leader of Change” by the United Nations Office of Partnerships and the Foundation for Social Change. . Inspired to change this.