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Section 6.

2
Trigonometric Functions:
Unit Circle Approach
2 2
,
2 2
Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall.
Make a second congruent triangle.

This triangle is equilateral so


1
all sides are 1. 2a = 1 so a2= .

Use Pythagorean Theorem to


find b.

Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall.


Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall.
Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall.
Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall.
Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall.
Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall.
Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall.
Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall.
Find the exact value of each expression.
3 5 9
(a) cos135 (b) tan (c) sin 225 (d) cos (e) sin
4 4 4

2 2 2
(a) The point , corresponds to 35 so cos 135
2 2 2

2 2 3
(b) The point , corresponds to
2 2 4
2
3
so tan 2 1
4 2

2
Find the exact value of each expression.
3 5 9
(a) cos135 (b) tan (c) sin 225 (d) cos (e) sin
4 4 4
2 2 2
(c) The point , corresponds to 225 so sin 225
2 2 2

2 2 5 5 2
(d) The point , corresponds to so cos
2 2 4 4 2

2 2 9
(e) The point , corresponds to
2 2 4
9 2
so sin
4 2
Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall.
4 7
Find: (a) cos 150 (b) sin ( 30) (c) tan (d) sin
3 6
5 3 3
(a) cos 150 cos
6 2 4 2 3
(c) tan
1 3 1
(b) sin ( 30) sin
6 2 2
7 1
(d) sin
6 2
Your calculator has buttons for sin, cos, and tan so to find
values of the remaining 3 trigonometric functions we use:
CHANGE MODE
TO RADIANS
a 4 and b 3 so r a 2 b 2 16 9 5
Homework

6.2 #s:
13, 14, 15, 21, 22, 23, 31, 32, 33, 47, 48, 49, 77, 78, 79