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AUTOMATED POLYHOUSE

INTRODUCTION
Poly House is a climate regulated
environment to increase QUALITY&
PRODUCTION of corp.
Microcontroller based system is a economical
option to achieve above requirements.
Manually Controlled System or Semi
Automatic Controlled System requires a lot of
attention and care.
Microcontroller based Control System is the
solution to come over this problem and to
maximize returns.
BASIC REQUIREMENTS OF
POLYHOUSE
Starting and closing of Micro Irrigation
System.
Application of Liquid Fertilizer or Water
Soluble Fertilizer (N:P:K) and other Nutrients
to the plant.
Operation of Misting System as required.
Opening and closing of ventilators and side
wall roll up curtains as needed.
Operation of cooling pad and fan.
Climate Control, Temperature, Humidity, Heat
Radiation, Control PH level in irrigation water
etc. as required to the plant.
BLOCK DIAGRAM
PARAMETERS &
CONTROLLING ACTION
Sr. Parameter Control Action Description
No.

1 Humidity Sprinkler Humidity drops below the set point then sprinkler
(Air) motor motor turns ON. Droplets maintains Humidity

2 Wetness Drip system motor As water contain in soil decreases drip system
(Soil) takes control action according to schedule.

3 Temperature Fan & Pad system Balanced environmental temperature inside the
(Atmosphere) poly house.

4 Light Intensity Curtains Intensity of light is maintained by either curtain


(Photo synthesis) movement or auxiliary light source.

5 pH electrode (Liquid Valve Balances the % of water & fertilizer mixture.


fertilizer) Actuator
SENSOR SELECTION
Temp RTD (PT-100)
Humidity HS-220
Soil moisture Metal probes
Light LDR (LM-35)
pH- pH electrode

FAN & PAD SYSTEM


Evaporative cooling is a process that reduces air
temperature by evaporation of water into the
airstream
Fan and pad systems consist of exhaust fans at
one end of the greenhouse and a pump
circulating water through and over a porous pad
installed at the opposite end of the greenhouse.
Typical fan and pad greenhouse arrangement.
The coolest area of the greenhouse is adjacent
to the evaporative cooling pads. As this cooled
air moves along the width of the greenhouse it
picks up heat so that the exhaust air is warmer
than the inlet air.
Evaporative cooling pad. Water flows along the
distribution pipe and drains down into the pad
material.

Humidity Control

Set
point
Light Intensity Control

Set
point
pH Control
Set
point
Temperature Control
Set
point
ADVANTAGES
Yield increases by 5 - 15 times or even more.
Reduction in labour cost
Less fertilizer requirement, thus reduction in
fertilizer cost.
Low water requirement thus saving in water.
Less chances of disease attack, thus reduction in
disease control cost.
Higher Efficiency of Water & Fertilizer Use.
Cultivation in problematic topography.
Cultivation in problematic soil conditions.
Cultivation in problematic climate conditions.
Requires less area to get yield and benefits.
Easy to operate, maintain & control
FUTURE SCOPE
1)The Status of the different parameters
can be displayed on the computer
using serial interface with PC with the help
ofRS232 Protocol.
2) The Records for the different readings
can be maintained by adding memory chip
in the system. It can be also stored in PC.
3) The Status of the different parameters
can be send on Mobile through SMS to the
concern person.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
www.srirozpolyhouse.com
www.jains.com
www.atmel.com
www.dallassemi.com

1) The 8051 micro controller -Kenneth J. Ayala


2) The 8051 micro controller and embedded system
M. Mazidi and J. Mazidi
3) Atmel data book
4) Operational Amplifier -Ramakant Gaikwad
5) Basic Electronics-V.K. Mehta