You are on page 1of 25

O   


      

|    
    
      

|       
Associate Professor
Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University
Email: triratna@ioe.edu.np
ð 

ΠThe development of solar thermal conversion


devices in Nepal started in the early 1960¶s.

ΠThe first locally manufactured solar water heater was


installed in the premises of the Department of Mines
and Geology.
ð 

Πate Rev B. R. Saubolle and Asha Brothers in


Kathmandu manufactured the first prototype SWH
in 1968.

ΠRecords also show that the Plumbing Division of


Balaju Yantra Shala (BYS) added the development
of SWH systems in 1974
ð 

ΠAn improved SWH system was installed by BYS in the


hostel of Budhanilkantha School in 1975

ΠThis installation received a favorable public response


and attracted a number of manufacturers.

ΠThe development of SWH received further support


after establishing Sanitary Section of the Mechanical
Training Center in Balaju included it in their training
courses.
ð 

By 1992, 35 solar water heater manufacturers were


registered with the Department of Cottage and Small
Industries.

Estimates also indicate that there are now more than


200 workshops manufacturing solar water heaters
(REDP/UNDP: 2002; foreword).

According to a 1997 study: More than 2000 solar


water heaters installed annually.[WECS:1998]
   
´      
´       
´        
´     
´    
   
â           
  
â            

â      
â            
â       
   

' ! !!!      " !


#$ 
  

' % !!!       

' &            

' '     (!$    



   

' %        


' )!$     '    
 
'      
' *    !$      
  
'            


 +      
   
þ þ  þ


 
  


  



 

   


    


„   
 
è 

èè èèè 

èè èèè 

èè èèè 

èè èèè 

 èèè èèè 

 èè èèè 
â        
!
|     


,,-,
%*
.
         
.
      

      
. %,/|         

-&%
0/ -01/ |/2/* &/
,
. ,        
. ,             
. 3          
|     

' 0 & ,

' *         


' *   04|
' 1/    /  3  5/3

 6   
' *      
  
|  "   #    
   $    
|    
    

  

 



  
  
Õ  

 

j   
  

  
 

 
  

@   

 

-   
       







è
è


 
 


  
     
-  

r    

Î

Î 



  
 
  

|    

 
    
 

èè


  









è
è
 è è   è èè è è  è èè èè èè
 
Rawate a ed anufactue

 



           
O   |  "
j  
       
   
   







£
 

£

£

££

è èèè èèè èèè èèè èèè èèè èèè èèè èèè

 
    
  

  

 

                


j         
      







 





 




 







      


       


          
j          %         
&  

17

16

15

14

13

12

11

10



 9

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400


    
Total  o Ward stimated 
  
'  
O   $  
( 
)  
*  

(

 '  

   
     
   (

  +  +
   
      " '      "
  
  
    ,      ,,

Kathmandu 144152 3510 2230 3729 105256 175989

alitpur 34996 2200 1279 2138 105256 175989

Kirtipur 9487 959 179 299 1774 2967

Bhaktapur 12088 1700 231 386 10868 18171

Thimi 9451 850 212 354 3753 6276

  -./.01 2-.2 1.3. 42/0 --42/5 30232.


r