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# REASON & ASSERTION

## The test is meant to judge the candidate's

knowledge and with it, his ability to reason
out correctly.
In this test, two statements referred to as
the Assertion (A) and Reason (R)
respectively are provided. Five alternative
comments on these are given and the
correct one is to be chosen.
Question
Assertion (A) : Salt is added to cook food at
higher altitudes.
Reason (R) : Temperature is lower at higher
altitudes.
() Both A and R are true and R is the correct
explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct
explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
(e) Both A and R are false.
Solution
Answer : B
because both statements A and R are
separately true but R does not explain A.
Question
Assertion (A) : We feel colder on mountains
than on plains.
Reason (R) : Temperature decreases with
altitude.
() Both A and R are true and R is the correct
explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct
explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
(e) Both A and R are false.
Solution
Answer : A
Higher above the sea level, temperature
decreases at the rate of 1C for every 165
meters making mountain peaks colder.
Question
Assertion (A) : Unpolished rice should be
eaten.
Reason (R) : Polished rice lacks Vitamin B
() Both A and R are true and R is the correct
explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct
explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
(e) Both A and R are false.
Solution
Answer : A
The husk of unpolished rice contains
Vitamin B, deficiency of which causes the
disease Beri-beri.
So, rice should be eaten unpolished.
Question
Assertion (A) : Silver is not used to make
electric wires.
Reason (R) : Silver is a bad conductor.
() Both A and R are true and R is the correct
explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct
explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
(e) Both A and R are false.
Solution
Answer : C
Silver is a good conductor of electricity but
it is not used to make electric wires
because it is expensive.
Question
Assertion (A) : Gandhiji withdrew the non-
cooperation movement.
Reason (R) : There was violence at the Chauri
Chaura outrage.
() Both A and R are true and R is the correct
explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct
explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
(e) Both A and R are false.
Solution
Answer : A
Gandhjji withdrew the non-cooperation
movement because of the violence in the
Chauri Chaura outrage.
Question
Assertion (A) : Uttar Pradesh is called the
'Sugar Bowl' of India.
Reason (R) : Uttar Pradesh is the leading
producer of sugarcane.
() Both A and R are true and R is the correct
explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct
explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
(e) Both A and R are false.
Solution
Answer : A
Uttar Pradesh, being the leading producer
of sugarcane in India, is called the Sugar
Bowlf of India.
Question
Assertion (A) : Diamond is used for cutting
glass.
Reason (R) : Diamond has a high refractive
index.
() Both A and R are true and R is the correct
explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct
explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
(e) Both A and R are false.
Answer : B
Question
Assertion (A) : An electric bulb makes a bang
when it is broken.
Reason (R) : The air inside the bulb rushes out
immediately on breaking.
() Both A and R are true and R is the correct
explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct
explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
(e) Both A and R are false.
Answer : C
Question
Assertion (A) : Petrol fire can not be stopped
by pouring water on it.
Reason (R) : Water is heavier than petrol.
() Both A and R are true and R is the correct
explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct
explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
(e) Both A and R are false.
Answer : A
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