How to learn Engineering Sciences Fully from The Noble Qur’an?

Dr. Zaid Kasim Ghazzawi Ph.D. in Biomedical Engineering

How to learn Biomedical Engineering from the Noble Qur’an?

In the Name of Allah (God) Almighty the Most Gracious The Most Merciful

2 A Messenger (Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) from Allah (God) Almighty, reciting (the Qur‘an) purified pages. 3. Containing valuable books.
The Noble Qur’an (98: 2-3)

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The Noble Qur’an contains valuable books, which contain:

The best science in all branches of knowledge The optimal research methodology to derive knowledge The best terminology to use to describe knowledge

Research in Biomedical Engineering
Ph.D. Thesis: Study of the loading environment on human bone

The Purpose of the Study
To determine the stress environment within bone during the healthy functioning of the skeleton

The Human MusculoSkeletal System

(Tortora and Grawboski, 1996)
http://www.bartleby.com/107/127.html

Types of Loading on Structures
Flexural (bending) forces and resulting flexural stresses

Tensile forces and resulting tensile stresses

Compressive forces and resulting compressive stresses

The Purpose of the Study
To determine the stress environment within bone during the healthy functioning of the skeleton
The end result to this date (2005) (more than 100 years) that the stress environment within bone is unknown and the working hypothesis is that it is a mixture of tensile, compressive, and flexural stresses

Various studies have been done to understand bone biomechanics For example (Oyen et al., 1996 and Hylander and Johns, 1991) Wolff (beginning 1900s)

The Stress Environment of Bone in the Healthy Skeleton
? What is the importance of knowing it

The Zygomatic Implant Osseointegration

Titanium Screw

Hip Implant

http://www.totalhipreplacement.net/index_frames.htm

The importance of knowing the stress environment of bone in the healthy case
Knowing the optimal loading environment (tensile, compressive, or bending) to place bone in when designing prosthetic systems and parts to be integrated within the human skeleton

How to determine the Stress ? Environment within Bone

Theoretical Model
Derived fully from the Noble Qur’an (Allah ((God) Almighty last revelation to mankind

In the Name of Allah (God) Almighty the Most Gracious The Most Merciful

14. Allah (God) Almighty created man from a sounding clay like that of pottery.
The Noble Qur’an (55: 14)

It is stated that Allah (God) Almighty created bones from a clay like material (i.e. a ceramic material)

Thus it can be concluded that bone should exhibit from a mechanical point of view the behavior of a ceramic material

Human Bone

Ceramic Material

Stress-Strain curve for human bone

Stress-Strain curve for a ceramic material

A ceramic material can be loaded in any one of these loading cases
Flexural (bending) forces and resulting flexural stresses

Tensile forces and resulting tensile stresses

Compressive forces and resulting compressive stresses

In the Name of Allah (God) Almighty the Most Gracious The Most Merciful

4. Allah (God) Almighty created man in an optimal form.
The Noble Qur’an (95: 4)

The optimal state for a ceramic material is the one in which it has maximum strength and stiffness

The only loading regime where a ceramic material has maximum stiffness and strength is when it is loaded in a compressive stress environment

Thus the conclusion from the Noble Qur’an is that bone should be loaded in a predominantly compressive state of stress during healthy functioning of the skeleton

Creation of areas and volumes from previous splines

y

z

x

E x = E y = 13 GPa, E z = 19 GPa Gxy = 5.3 GPa, G yz = Gzx = 5.9 GPa v xy = 0.22, v yz = 0.29, v zx = 0.42

y

x z

3D element having 10 nodes and 3 DOF at each node (Solid92 in ANSYS ®)

A new method to test Biocompatibility (the acceptance or rejection of the human body to foreign materials) as derived from the Noble Qur’an

The Zygomatic Implant

Example on the use of Titanium material in the human body

Stainless steel implant

http://www.totalhipreplacement.net/index_frames.htm

In The Name of Allah (God) The Most Compassionate The Most Merciful

And Allah (God) has grown you from the earth in a similar manner to plants.
The Noble Qur’an (71: (17

Allah (God) Almighty states that He has grown humans from the earth exactly like plants

Thus the conclusion from this is that the bio-mechanisms active in plants are similar to those found in humans Thus if a plant accepts a certain material then it can be concluded that the human body would accept it as well, likewise, if a plant rejects a certain material then the body would reject it to

BONE

A cross section in a tree stem

WOOD

A cross section in human bone

The Distribution of Branches and Roots in Trees

http://biomedia.bio.purdue.edu/GenBioLM/GBActPotl/html/neuron_structure.html

Neural Cell in Humans

Perfect match between the function and structure of plant and human systems
System description Structural In plants Root, stem, and branches (Wood material) Augmentary Circulatory Protein factories Plant leafs Water vessels Plant cells In human body The skeletal system Feet, trunk, and arms (Bone material) Human skin Blood vessels Human cells

Growth of Bone around Titanium Implant

Growth of Wood Material in and around A Titanium Screw

Tree Response for The Insertion of A Titanium Screw within it

A perfect match is found between the growth of wood and bone material in and around an object made of Titanium

Dr. Zaid Kasim Ghazzawi E-mail: zaidquran@yahoo.com Website: www.quranmiracle.com

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