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How to learn Engineering

Sciences Fully from The


Noble Qur’an?

Dr. Zaid Kasim Ghazzawi


Ph.D. in Biomedical Engineering
How to learn
Biomedical Engineering
from the Noble Qur’an?
In the Name of Allah (God) Almighty the Most Gracious The Most Merciful

.
2 A Messenger (Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) from Allah (God) Almighty,
reciting (the Qur‘an) purified pages.
3. Containing valuable books.
The Noble Qur’an (98: 2-3)

The Noble Qur’an contains


valuable books, which contain: The best science in all branches of
knowledge

The optimal research methodology


to derive knowledge

The best terminology to use to


describe knowledge
Research in Biomedical
Engineering

Ph.D. Thesis: Study of the loading


environment on human bone
The Purpose of the Study
To determine the stress environment within bone
during the healthy functioning of the skeleton
The Human Musculo-
Skeletal System

(Tortora and
Grawboski, 1996)
http://www.bartleby.com/107/127.html
Types of Loading on Structures

Flexural (bending) forces and


resulting flexural stresses

Tensile forces and


resulting tensile stresses

Compressive forces and


resulting compressive stresses
The Purpose of the Study
To determine the stress environment within bone
during the healthy functioning of the skeleton

The end result to this date


Various studies have been done to (2005) (more than 100 years)
understand bone biomechanics that the stress environment
For example (Oyen et al., 1996 and within bone is unknown and the
working hypothesis is that it is a
Hylander and Johns, 1991) mixture of tensile, compressive,
Wolff (beginning 1900s) and flexural stresses
The Stress Environment of
Bone in the Healthy Skeleton
? What is the importance of knowing it
The Zygomatic Implant
Osseointegration

Titanium Screw
Hip Implant

http://www.totalhipreplacement.net/index_frames.htm
The importance of knowing the stress
environment of bone in the healthy case

Knowing the optimal loading environment


(tensile, compressive, or bending) to place bone
in when designing prosthetic systems and parts
to be integrated within the human skeleton
How to determine the Stress
? Environment within Bone
Theoretical Model
Derived fully from the Noble Qur’an (Allah
((God) Almighty last revelation to mankind
In the Name of Allah (God) Almighty the Most Gracious The Most Merciful

14. Allah (God) Almighty created man from a sounding clay


like that of pottery.
The Noble Qur’an (55: 14)

Thus it can be concluded


It is stated that Allah (God)
that bone should exhibit
Almighty created bones
from a mechanical point of
from a clay like material
view the behavior of a
(i.e. a ceramic material)
ceramic material
Human Bone Ceramic Material

Stress-Strain curve for human bone Stress-Strain curve for a ceramic material
A ceramic material can be loaded in any
one of these loading cases

Flexural (bending) forces and


resulting flexural stresses

Tensile forces and


resulting tensile stresses

Compressive forces and


resulting compressive stresses
In the Name of Allah (God) Almighty the Most Gracious The Most Merciful

4. Allah (God) Almighty created man in an optimal form.


The Noble Qur’an (95: 4)

The only loading regime where a


The optimal state for a ceramic ceramic material has maximum
material is the one in which it has stiffness and strength is when it is
maximum strength and stiffness loaded in a compressive stress
environment

Thus the conclusion from the Noble Qur’an is that bone should be
loaded in a predominantly compressive state of stress during
healthy functioning of the skeleton
Creation of areas and
volumes from previous
splines

z x
E x = E y = 13 GPa, E z = 19 GPa
Gxy = 5.3 GPa, G yz = Gzx = 5.9 GPa
v xy = 0.22, v yz = 0.29, v zx = 0.42
y

3D element having 10 nodes


and 3 DOF at each node
(Solid92 in ANSYS ®)
A new method to test
Biocompatibility (the acceptance or
rejection of the human body to
foreign materials) as derived from
the Noble Qur’an
The Zygomatic Implant

Example on
the use of
Titanium
material in the
human body
Stainless steel implant

http://www.totalhipreplacement.net/index_frames.htm
In The Name of Allah (God) The Most Compassionate The Most
Merciful

And Allah (God) has grown you from the


earth in a similar manner to plants.
The Noble Qur’an (71:
(17

Allah (God) Almighty states that He has grown humans from


the earth exactly like plants

Thus the conclusion from this is that the bio-mechanisms


active in plants are similar to those found in humans

Thus if a plant accepts a certain material then it can be


concluded that the human body would accept it as well,
likewise, if a plant rejects a certain material then the body
would reject it to
BONE

A cross section in a tree stem


A cross section in human bone
WOOD
The Distribution of
Branches and Roots in
Trees

http://biomedia.bio.purdue.edu/GenBioLM/GBActPotl/html/neuron_structure.html

Neural Cell in Humans


Perfect match between the function and
structure of plant and human systems
System description In plants In human body

Structural Root, stem, and The skeletal system


branches Feet, trunk, and arms
(Wood material) (Bone material)
Augmentary Plant leafs Human skin
Circulatory Water vessels Blood vessels
Protein factories Plant cells Human cells
Growth of Bone around
Titanium Implant
Growth of Wood Material in
and around A Titanium
Screw
Tree Response for The Insertion
of A Titanium Screw within it

A perfect match is found between


the growth of wood and bone
material in and around an object
made of Titanium
Dr. Zaid Kasim Ghazzawi

E-mail: zaidquran@yahoo.com

Website: www.quran-
miracle.com

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