27 views

Uploaded by drjonesg19585102

- Type of Coordination_ABB
- 5. Insulated Earthed Distribution System
- Load Sched
- Basics of Circuit Breakers
- Schneider ECT158 Calculation of Short-circuit Currents
- Consultant Training Manual
- The Problem of Arcing Faults in Low-Voltage Power Distribution Systems
- Dos_dos
- 9
- 17. Iind Ed Circuit Breakers(50)
- Abp 3-2013 Final
- Fuses
- 3va Configuring Manual Selectivity en en-us
- IEC 61363-1 ShortCircuit Calcs
- Short Circuit
- 1994Oct Dec
- T1040
- Lecture 13
- Current and Kva Calculations
- Choosing Between Resistor and Reactor for Neutral Ground Impedance

You are on page 1of 43

CALCULATION

Fault level at any given point of the

Electric Power Supply Network is the

maximum current that would flow in case of

a short circuit fault at that point.

Breaking & Making current as per their

ratings & should also have Rated short time

capacity. So, for proper selection of circuit

breaker & other switchgear components,

Knowledge of current during normal &

abnormal conditions is necessary.

The design of machines, bus bars, isolators,

circuit breaker etc. is based on the

consideration of Normal & Short Circuit

Currents.

selected only after ascertaining the fault

levels and normal currents at various

locations. Fault calculations are also

necessary for System Design, stability

considerations, selection of Layout etc.

Purpose of Fault Level Calculations:-

a) For selecting short circuit protective

devices of adequate short circuit Breaking

capacity.

of Adequate short circuit Making capacity.

switchgear, designed to withstand thermal

and mechanical stresses because of short

circuit.

Types of Short Circuits:-

In Fault Calculations, many assumptions

are made for simplifying the calculations.

values are negligible as compared to the

Reactance.

reactance are assumed to be constants.

Generated voltages are assumed to be

constant. Contribution of Shunt capacitor

banks are neglected.

are neglected.

Sine wave.

Resistance of short transmission line are

neglected.

Three Phase bolted short circuit fault.

Procedure for Fault Level Calculation.

line or One line diagram of the given

network with Ratings of all the

transformers & Generators in the network.

MVA.

for every Transformer & Generator in the

given network by using-

Formula P.u reactance =

[(% impedence)/100] x [Base

MVA/Actual MVA]

reactance values.

for the network as seen from the source to

the fault point.

Then, Calculate Fault MVA using formula-

Fault MVA= Base MVA/ Eq. Impedence

Fault Current =

Fault MVA / (1.732x Phase to Phase

Voltage at the fault point)

Current Limiting Reactors:-

are inserted in series with the line, to limit

the current flow in the event of a short

Circuit & thereby, bring down the fault

level. The current Limiting Reactors are also

called Series Reactors.

having a large inductive reactance (wL) and

is used for limiting short-circuit currents

to be interrupted by circuit breaker.

If X is the reactance of a circuit , E is the

voltage then by neglecting the resistance ,

the short circuit current is given by Isc=

E / X.

reactance of the system, the short circuit

current can be decreased.

generating capacity, voltage at the fault

point and the total reactance between the

generator and the fault point.

The circuit breaker should have enough

breaking current capacity such that the

fault current are less than the breaking

current capacity. IF the fault currents are

beyond the capacity of the circuit breaker,

the circuit breaker may not interrupt the

fault current.

some means so that the existing circuit

breaker can be used safely.

Also when the system is extended by

adding more generating stations, the Fault

current to be interrupted by the same

circuit breaker will be greater than before.

be replaced by another of higher breaking

current capacity or the fault current can

be limited by the means of REACTORS.

limiting short circuit current so that the

circuit breaker can interrupt them.

1) Reactors limit the Short Circuit Current.

extensions are made and the circuit

breaker breaking current capacities

become inadequate.

so as to limit the short circuit MVA to

match with the breaking current capacity

of the circuit breaker.

Location of Series Reactor:-

Generator Reactors-

Reactors are inserted between the

generator and the generator bus. The high

reactance is provided to safeguard the

generators in case of dead three phase

short circuits at its terminals.

When new generators are installed ,

generator reactors can be added to the old

generators.

GENERATOR REACTOR:-

Feeder Reactors-

The reactors in this case are connected in

series with the feeders. The advantage is

that the voltage of the bus does not drop

substantially in the event of fault on the

feeder.

sections of busbar.

BUSBAR REACTOR-

FEEDER REACTORS-

QUESTIONS:-

1) Why Fault Calculation is required?

2) What is meant by Breaking Current

capacity & Making Current Capacity of

Circuit Breaker?

3) What is the formula for Calculating

Fault MVA?

4) What is the Formula for Calculating

Fault Current?

5) What should be used to decrease

Fault Level at any point?

- Type of Coordination_ABBUploaded byrajpre1213
- 5. Insulated Earthed Distribution SystemUploaded byShane Midgley
- Load SchedUploaded byXander Delinya
- Basics of Circuit BreakersUploaded bySuresh Subbiah S
- Schneider ECT158 Calculation of Short-circuit CurrentsUploaded bykarthik1eee2007
- Consultant Training ManualUploaded byChoirul Mustofa
- The Problem of Arcing Faults in Low-Voltage Power Distribution SystemsUploaded byRogelio Revetti
- Dos_dosUploaded byJesus Manuel Montoya Tovar
- 9Uploaded byrathorsumit2006
- 17. Iind Ed Circuit Breakers(50)Uploaded bytesfu
- Abp 3-2013 FinalUploaded byPrimeraEspada, Stark
- FusesUploaded byFaisal Aakash
- 3va Configuring Manual Selectivity en en-usUploaded byrobertovm2002
- IEC 61363-1 ShortCircuit CalcsUploaded byMakiber
- Short CircuitUploaded byRa Ar
- 1994Oct DecUploaded bykrishna kishore
- T1040Uploaded bypriyanka236
- Lecture 13Uploaded byMohammad Ali
- Current and Kva CalculationsUploaded byKelvin Yip
- Choosing Between Resistor and Reactor for Neutral Ground ImpedanceUploaded byJeya Kannan
- Protection System NERC OC BF Presentation 06092010Uploaded bycesarchilet
- Fault Protect.pptxUploaded byeroll
- isconnectorsUploaded bytaufiq4923
- Technical Complementary Guide 2013Uploaded bybrightstardust
- 4.Application of Pilot SchemesUploaded bybillymcreal
- Si ProtecUploaded byKumar Swami
- 7SR11 and 7SR12 Argus Catalogue Sheet.pdfUploaded byJarrett Mathews
- EES005 Electrical Protection and Earthing GuidelineUploaded bySuresh K Krishnasamy
- Fault Section Estimation in Power Systems Using the Protective Devices Settings and Search Algorithm of Isolated SectionsUploaded byidescitation
- Heavy Loaded Very High Voltage Lines and Distance ProtectionsUploaded byIrfan Ali

- db3ch5Uploaded byAnonymous f3iGLjx
- db3ch3.desbloqueadoUploaded byRoque Matienzo
- engg databook ch11Uploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- Engineering_Data_Book_III_Design_Conside.pdfUploaded byfoamtrailer
- engg databook ch18Uploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- engg databook ch13Uploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- engg databook ch10Uploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- engg databook ch14Uploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- db3ch1Uploaded byDhanish Kumar
- db3ch15Uploaded byphankhoa83
- engg DataBookIIIUploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- engg databook ch12Uploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- engg databook ch16Uploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- engg databook ch9Uploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- Void Fractions in Two-Phase FlowsUploaded byMohsen Aghaei
- engg databook ch8Uploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- Thesis Thermal StorageUploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- Entrance Loss CoefficientsUploaded bytitibi
- Engg Data Book Ch4Uploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- Epri ManualUploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- Duct Design ThesisUploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- Auto Duct User ManualUploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- Fuel Property Paper DETC2006-99562Uploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- NASA POEGuidebookUploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- Piping Systems and Microbiological ContaminationUploaded byIbrahim Ats-Tsauri
- epa ct test paper.pdfUploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- epri cooling tower water rfi.pdfUploaded bydrjonesg19585102
- db3ch7Uploaded byalejodany
- epri openadr2 software.pdfUploaded bydrjonesg19585102

- Power System Analysis - Stevenson_ Grainger_AnnexUploaded bySaghir Ahmad
- Protection System MisoperationUploaded byVankurd
- L4_N Course outline_Final.pdfUploaded bymunirha00
- Lanjutan Analisa Hubung SingkatUploaded bykamal
- Kapitel 08 G OnlineUploaded byJuan Tamez
- Sigurante ABBUploaded byDan Fogas
- NDPLUploaded bykaushal895
- PCC 2100 Commissioning Guide Lines_Rev2.6Uploaded byKhaled Kamel
- Insulation Monitor DAP IM 230VUploaded byDerargh
- Arna Be Egs 49 0002_6kv Swgr Rev.1Uploaded bypra2_49250
- 1494-in005_-en-eUploaded byaguilavm
- 0120BR9202.pdfUploaded bysupri
- CAT-3412 Rectification ReportUploaded byget_engineer05
- House Wiring 20090305Uploaded bychimbwa
- Electrical Fault Calculation _ Positive Negative Zero Sequence ImpedanceUploaded byRasel Islam
- Synchronous Condenser Mode of Operation in Hydro Power PlantsUploaded byPawan Rana
- Infinty 3100-3300 Operating ManualUploaded byMohamed Ali Mahmoud Salem
- RITZ MediumVoltageInstrumentTransformers Standard Rev Feb 2011Uploaded by322399mk7086
- Shutdown using existing Shutdown relayUploaded byAbah Fildzah Fadhil
- td_apm_gb_07Uploaded byKenNa
- Sg 600 WiringUploaded byrkss
- Untitled.shrUploaded byHanter Jum
- PEC Question With ReferenceUploaded bygeraint phaeton
- Celdas Zx0 Tipo GisUploaded byWilliam Velarde
- 3 phase Transformer vector groupsUploaded byAbhishek Modak
- BUILDING ELECTRICAL DESIGN.docxUploaded byalekya
- 3 Generating Plants Black Start Requirements EngUploaded byAhmad Zulhilmi
- Conveters ApplicationUploaded bychethan
- UntitledUploaded byMalik Ali Awan
- Spec for Low Voltage Switchboard-MCCUploaded byMohamed Jahirhussain