Learning- Loo hol s

p

e

PARAMJIT SHARMA

Focus
What is learning ?
Learning-Defined Learning Assumptions Learning Process Learning Types Learning Domains Learning Theories

What Mgt. Students Need to Learn? What Prevents Learning- loopholes? How to Plug the Loopholes?
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What is learning ?

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Learning Defined

?

The Cognitive process of acquiring knowledge & Skill ‘child acquisition of language’

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Learning in a black box

INPUTS

OUTCOMES

INPUTS

Learning

OUTCOMES

So what’s happening inside the box?
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Learning Assumptions

Ability to learn remains unimpaired Aging process-adjustments in Learning Learning is an Internal Process Learning is Construction

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Learning Process

INVOVEMENT- Learner’s ACCOUNTABILITY- learner’s FEEDBACK- learners

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Learning Process

INVOLVEMENT- Learner’s ACCOUNTABILITY- learner’s FEEDBACK- learners

Motivation Orientation Internalization Externalization Evaluation Control

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Learning Types Educational Objectives

Knowledge Comprehension Application Analysis Synthesis Evaluation

Increasing complexity From Lower Order Of Learning to Higher level Learning

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Learning Types Surface Level

Deep Level

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Learning Types

Lower Level Learning

Higher Level Learning Deep-Level Expansive
Processing the Information

Surface-Level

Processing Of Information Learner Tries to Reproduce Information

Learner Tries to Comprehend & Search Information

Learning by rote

Learning By Assimilating

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Learning Types
Third Order
 Expansive

Second Order
Trial & Error Investigative

First Order
Conditioning Imitation
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Conditioning: Pavlov’s Dog

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Learning Domains ?

COGNITIVE Psychomotor
AFFECTIVE

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Learning Domains ?

COGNITIVE
Concepts Management Procedures

Knowledge or mind based

Fact- define, identify, list Understanding- describe Compare & contrast Application- explain, apply & analyze

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Learning Domains ?

Psychomotor
Aviation Computers Driving

Skill based

Imitation-demonstration Practice-proficiency level Habit-perform

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Learning Domains ?

Behaviour AFFECTIVE
Perception Decision Making Safe Driving Display Exhibit Accept

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Learning Theories

Andragogy
J Knowles ATI

Cronbach J Scandura Engestrom & Snow

SLT

SIT

CAL J Anderson PARAMJIT Cross KP SHARMA ACT

AHL L Landa

What is

andragogy?...Malcolm Knowles

Andragogy is the art and science of helping Adults to

Learn
. Self Concept
Readiness To Learn

Experience

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What Mgt. Students Need To Learn?

How to Make an effective Presentation?

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What Mgt. Students Need To Learn?

How to prepare a Project ?

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What Mgt. Students Need To Learn?

How to score good marks ?

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What Mgt. Students Need To Learn?
How to ask Questions in the class?

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What Mgt. Students Need To Learn?

How to Get Summers/Final Placement ?

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What Mgt. Students Need To Learn?

How to be Good in The Interview ?

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What Mgt. Students Need To Learn?

How To be effective in Group Discussion? How to have Good Conduct in the Class Room? How to Utilize the time available? How to prepare Class/final Notes? How to write Exams ? How to market yourself?

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What Mgt. Students Need To Learn?

How to market yourself?

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What Prevents Learning-

loo hol s?
p e

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What Prevents LearningFacilitation Motivation Visuals Curriculum Classroom
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Facilitation Failure- presentation
Not thoroughly prepared Too much talking/listening, not enough asking Playing with Chalk/Pen…….. Using inappropriate Humour Promising to close not closing Failing to get the Group’s attention Long hours of Sessions/presentation Reading From Hand outs Reading Visuals Ignoring Difficult Audience Speaking to fast, too slow, loud Presenting During Distractions Creating Distractions

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Visual Aids Atrocities
Using Visuals too Traditionally& Predictably Too many PP in a Presentation All words in PPT and no Pictures Not Enough Space for Notes in Handouts Boring Hand Outs, No Colour, motivation Visuals Difficult to read ( type size, distance, colour Visuals not matching participant’s expectations Not Checking instruments/supplies before session
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Colour Has Impact
Accelerates learning retention & recall by 55% to 78%

Improves comprehension by 73%

Increase willingness to read up by 80%

Sells ideas & products effectively by 50 to 80%
•Wharton school of Business & the University of Minnesota

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Curriculum Ch os

a

Giving no feed back to the institutions Repetition of topics in many subjects Too many subjects in a trimester Focus on knowledge than skill Hesitate presentations

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Class room Clutters

Getting late- leaving late Silence & Noise Communication-one way @two way Reinforcement- immediate, late or never Attention or distraction or Switch off

Whose loss is this ?
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Difficult Behaviour

RAMBLING SYNESS OR SILENCE TALKATIVENESS SHARPSHOOTING HECKLING OR Arguing GRANDSTANDING OVERHOSTALITY OR Resistance GRIPING SIDE CONVERSATION No ATTENTION
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How to Plug the

loopholes?

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How Students Learn— How we Teach maintaining balance

Students Involvement in Learning Feed back of Students Lecture Method—70-90% Curriculum Updating E-Learning increasing Classroom Questioning--.2 to 9% time Attention Drift after 10-20 minutes Listening, asking, answering, taking notes = half time Fantasizing 15% time Only 14% told how to study Widespread Cheating in class room tests Despite degree course-students could not use RlyT table, Calculate prices, understand N Paper Articles Source F Gardiner- ’Why we must Change’ PARAMJIT SHARMA

How Best We Can LEARN ?

10% of what we Read 20 %of what we hear 30% of what we See 50% of what we See & Hear 80% of what we Say 90% of what we say as we act

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How We LEARN ?

I HEAR & FORGET I SEE & REMEMBER I DO AND UNDERSTAND ONE PICTURE IS WORTH 1000 WORDS

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10 Principles of Learning
We Learn to do by Doing We Learn to do what we do and not something else Without Readiness, Learning is inefficient Without Motivation there could be no Learning at all For effective Learning, responses must be immediately reinforced Meaningful Contents better Learned ,longer Retained For better learning, responses be learned, as likely to be used One’s response will vary according to situation Learning vary according to learning atmosphere learning depends greatly upon behaviour PARAMJIT SHARMA

Learning- loo ho s
p

le

time for questions
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hope the loopholes got plugged

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