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AGGREGATE CRUSHING VALUE

TEST

Give the Value of crushing


strength of aggregates
AGGREGATE IMPACT
TEST

Aggregate impact value is to


classify the stones in respect
of their toughness property
Specific Gravity and Water
Absorption Tests


To determine vThe values of specific
gravity, water absorption
Report on quality of stone
LOS ANGELES
ABRASION TEST

To assess the hardness of aggregates used


in pavement construction. Many agencies
have specified the desirable limits of the
test, for different methods of pavement
construction
DEVALS ATTRITION
TEST

To determine the Percentage of wear,


percentage of crushed fragments in
the test sample and weight and
grading Recommended by ISI
SHAPE TEST
FLAKINESS INDEX

To assess flakiness index is the total


weight of the flaky material passing
the various thickness gauges, For
grading it is useful
ELONGATION INDEX

Elongation index is the total weight of the material retained


on the various length gauges, expressed as a percentage of
the total weight of the sample gauged weighed to an
accuracy of at least 0.1 percent of the weight
PENETRATION TEST

Penetration test is the most


commonly adopted test on bitumen
to grade the material in terms of its
hardness
DUCTILITY TEST

The distance stretched by the moving end of the


specimen up to recorded as ductility value. It is
recommended by ISI that test results should not differ
from mean value by more than the following:
Repeatability : 5 percent
Reproducibility : 10 percent
SOFTENING POINT TEST

Softening point, thus gives an idea


of the temperature at which the
bituminous material attains a
certain viscosity
FLASH AND FIRE POINT
TEST
Different bituminous materials have quite different values of
flash and fire points. When the bitumen or cut back is to be
heated before mixing or application, utmost care is taken to
see that heating is limited to a temperature well below the
flash point. This is essential from safety point of view.
Normal Consistency of fineness of
cement.

Find out the amount of water to be added to the


cement to get a paste of normal consistency, i.e.
The paste of a certain standard solidity, which is
used to fix the quantity of water to be mixed in
cement before performing tests for tensile
strength, setting time and soundness
SETTING TIMES TEST

Determine the Initial and Final


setting times of cement.
SPECIFIC GRAVITY AND
SOUNDNESS OF CEMENT

Determine the specific gravity


of cement (IS 4031 - 1988)
COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH OF CEMENT
Cement has the maximum strength in compression and is
weaker in tension. Strength tests are not made on neat
cement paste because of difficulties of excessive shrinkage
and subsequent cracking of neat cement. Strength of
cement is indirectly found on cement sand mortar in specific
proportions. Standard Encore sand is used for finding
strength of cement (IS-269-1976 )
WORKABILITY OF CONCRETE BY
SLUMP CONE TEST

Slump is a measure indicating the consistency


or workability of cement concrete. It gives an
idea of water content needed for concrete to be
used for different works. A concrete is said to be
workable if it can be easily mixed and easily
placed, compacted and finished. A workable
concrete should not show any segregation or
bleeding. Slump increases as water-cement
ratio increases.
COMPACTION FACTOR
TEST
This test works on the principle of determining the
degree of compaction achieved by a standard amount
of work done by allowing the concrete to fall through a
standard height. The degree of compaction, called the
compaction factor is measured by the density ratio i.e.
the ratio of the density actually achieved in the test to
the density of same concrete fully compacted.
VEE BEE CONSISTENCY
TEST

It is based on the principle of measuring


the energy required to transform a
concrete specimen in the shape of a
conical frustum into a cylinder.
COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF
CONCRETE

The testing of concrete cube (or cylinder) are required (i) to verify
the strength of concrete mix used in actual construction and (ii) to
verify the strength of trial mixes as in the case of design of mixes.
I.S. code has specified the strength on cubes of 150 x 150 xl50
mm. Alternatively if test results on cylinder strengths (150 x 300
mm) are available the results shall satisfy:
Minimum cylinder compressive strength = 0.8 x compressive
strength specified on cubes.
BULKING OF FINE
AGGREGATE

Determination of adjustment
for bulking of fine aggregate