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Conducting, processing

and evaluating
Observation tables
Recording information

Data is information collected during an observation

Can be recorded as:
Sketches or drawings
Observation Tables
Independent Dependent
Variable Variable
Important parts:
Popular Car Colours
Car Colour Car Colour Number
Columns (up-down)
Variables labelled Red 13
with units Blue 9

Rows (side-side) Pink 5

Silver 21
usually numbered or
Black 28
White 25
Workbook Answers

Q1 What is data? information collected by scientists

Q2 Why do scientists use tables to display data? to analyse
data and make conclusions based on data display
Q3 A) What do we mean by processing data? finding patterns
B) what does interpreting data mean? What the data says
about the hypothesis or problem being investigated
Q4 What do we mean by a relationship when discussing
variables? Cause and affect (independent and dependent)
Q5 What do we mean by trend in data? change in data to a
direction (increase, decrease)
Why do scientists calculate averages? Calculate the most
probable outcome (from fair testing). Reduce random error.
Q7 The experiment cannot give insight into the hypothesis,
faulty apparatus is no reliable or reliably replicated

Q8 Revisit hypothesis, methods, results

temperature (C) for the days of the week

Day of the week Temperature (C)

Monday 28 C

Tuesday 29 C

Wednesday 30 C

Thursday 30 C

Friday 37 C
Bunsen burner Properties
How hot the flame is Flame noisy or quiet

hot quiet

Very hot noisy

Slater temperature (C) preference

Section Hot water C Cold water C


3.. . ..
Q13 Trial Control Loop Loop Straw
Diameter Width length
Cm Cm Cm
Control X cm X cm X cm

C)To make the experiment a fair test
Hole diameter (mm) Average time take
6 39.67 Sec

8 17.67 Sec

10 10.33 Sec

12 4.67 Sec

15 2 Sec
Q15 To check data and conclusions made from
data (reflection). To provide evidence to other

Q16 May loose data (HD corruption), Data

could be hacked. Solution: try multiple HD
storage, Online storage, NOTEBOOK