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SOLAR POWERED GRASS

CUTTING ROBOT USING IOT


Submitted by:
CONTENTS
Project overview
Block diagram
Solar Panel
Motor Driver IC
DC motors
DC batteries
Relay Board
Node MCU 8266
Blink Android app
Schematic & Working of the project
Advantages
Applications
Future scope
Conclusion
PROJECT OVERVIEW
In this project solar powered grass cutting
machine using control through inter of
thing(IOT) and get power from Solar energy.
We design this project by using three DC
motor among which two motors are robotic
movement and another one for cutting grass.
We use DC battery for Storing solar energy to
a battery for future use.
BLOCK DIAGRAM
SOLAR PANEL OR
PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAY
As name indicates
PHOTO = light
VOLTAIC = electricity
PHOTVOLTAICS IS A METHOD of generating
electrical powerby convertingsolar
radiationintodirect
currentelectricityusingsemiconductorsthat
exhibit thePhotovoltaic effect.
Thephotovoltaic effectis the creation
ofvoltageorelectric currentin a material
upon exposure tolight.
Mechanism of generation
The solar cell is composed of a P-type semiconductor and an N-type
semiconductor. Solar light hitting the cell produces two types of electrons,
negatively and positively charged electrons in the semiconductors.
Negatively charged (-) electrons gather around the N-type semiconductor while
positively charged (+) electrons gather around the P-type semiconductor. When
you connect loads such as a light bulb, electric current flows between the two
electrodes.

Electrode
Reflect-Proof Film

Electric Current
Solar Energy N-Type Semiconductor
P-Type Semiconductor
Load

Electrode

Photo Voltaic cell


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DC MOTOR AND ITS WORKING
PRINCIPLE
DC motor stands for direct current motor. A machine that converts dc
power into mechanical energy is known as dc motor. Its operation is
based on the principle that when a current carrying conductor is
placed
in a magnetic field, the conductor experiences a mechanical force.
1. A generator works on the principle of Faradays law of
electromagnetic induction .
2. Whenever a conductor is moved in the magnetic field , an emf is
induced & the magnitude of the induced emf is directly
proportional to the rate of change of flux.
3. Emf causes current flow if the conductor circuit is closed
4. When electric current passes through a coil in magnetic field ,
the magnetic force produces torque which turns the motor.
5. Magnetic force acts perpendicular to both wire and magnetic
field.
MOTOR DRIVER L293D
L293D is a dual H-bridge motor
driver integrated circuit (IC).
Motor drivers act as current
amplifiers since they take a
low-current control signal and
provide a higher-current signal.
This higher current signal is
used to drive the motors.

L293D contains two inbuilt H-bridge driver circuits. In


its common mode of operation, two DC motors can be
driven simultaneously, both in forward and reverse
direction.
OPERATION OF MOTOR DRIVER
L293D has 2 set of arrangements
where one set has input 1, input
2, output 1 and output 2 and
other set has input 3, input 4,
output 3 and output 4, according
to block diagram if pin no 2 & 7
are high then pin no 3 & 6 are
also high.
If enable 1 and pin number 2
are high leaving pin number 7 as
low then the motor rotates in
forward direction.
If enable 2 and pin number 10
are high leaving pin number 15
as low then the motor rotates in
forward direction.
BATTERY
o It is a source which converts chemical energy into
electrical energy and vice versa.
o Cell is the building block of battery.
o Battery is combination of cells in series.
12V Relay
RELA
Y

Relay
Relay On
off
0V
5
ESP8266 NODEMCU WIFI
DEVELOPMENT BOARD
FEATURES:-
16 bit MC
14 digital I/O pins in that 6 pin are used as PWM
output
6 pin are Analog pin
32Kb of Flash Memory
2Kb of SRAM & also 1Kb for EEPROM
16MHz of Clock Speed
WHAT IS CALLED ANDROID..?
Android is an open-source operating system
which means that any manufacturer can use
it in their phones free of charge.
It was built to be truly open. For example,
an application can call upon any of the
phones core functionality such as making
calls, sending text messages, or using the
camera.
.CONTD
Android is built on the open Linux Kernel.
Furthermore, it utilizes a custom virtual
machine that was designed to optimize
memory and hardware resources in a mobile
environment.
CONTD..
If enable 1 and pin number 2 are low
leaving pin number 7 as high then the
motor rotates in reverse direction.
If enable 2 and pin number 15 are high
leaving pin number 10 as low then the
motor rotates in forward direction.
GRASS CUTTING BLADE
BLINK APP
CONCLUSION:-
We successfully design this solar power
robotic grass cutter using IOT and tested
successfully its working condition.
It will put great impact on Indian farming
when it is going implent.
THANK YOU