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16

Engine Lubrication
and Cooling
Systems

Introduction to Automotive Service © 2013 Pearson Higher Education, Inc.

James Halderman Darrell Deeter Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458

Upper Saddle River. James Halderman Darrell Deeter Pearson Prentice Hall . 16 ENGINE LUBRICATION AND COOLING SYSTEMS FIGURE 16. NJ 07458 . Introduction to Automotive Service © 2013 Pearson Higher Education. Inc.1 Oil molecules cling to metal surfaces but easily slide against each other.

If there is any concern about the oil pressure. Introduction to Automotive Service © 2013 Pearson Higher Education. always use a mechanical gauge to be sure. 16 ENGINE LUBRICATION AND COOLING SYSTEMS FIGURE 16. James Halderman Darrell Deeter Pearson Prentice Hall . Inc.2 The dash oil pressure gauge may be a good indicator of engine oil pressure. NJ 07458 .Upper Saddle River.

Inc. 16 ENGINE LUBRICATION AND COOLING SYSTEMS FIGURE 16. the oil flows through the pump around the outside of each gear.3 In an external gear-type oil pump.Upper Saddle River. NJ 07458 . Introduction to Automotive Service © 2013 Pearson Higher Education. James Halderman Darrell Deeter Pearson Prentice Hall . This is an example of a positive displacement pump. wherein everything entering the pump must leave the pump.

Upper Saddle River. Other parts are lubricated as the oil flows back down into the oil pan or is splashed onto parts. 16 ENGINE LUBRICATION AND COOLING SYSTEMS FIGURE 16. Introduction to Automotive Service © 2013 Pearson Higher Education. James Halderman Darrell Deeter Pearson Prentice Hall . Oil travels under pressure through the galleries (passages) to reach the top of the engine.4 A typical engine design uses both pressure and splash lubrication. Inc. NJ 07458 .

Inc. Note the main gallery and other drilled passages in the block and cylinder head.Upper Saddle River.5 An intermediate shaft drives the oil pump on this overhead camshaft engine. James Halderman Darrell Deeter Pearson Prentice Hall . Introduction to Automotive Service © 2013 Pearson Higher Education. NJ 07458 . 16 ENGINE LUBRICATION AND COOLING SYSTEMS FIGURE 16.

Upper Saddle River. James Halderman Darrell Deeter Pearson Prentice Hall . 16 ENGINE LUBRICATION AND COOLING SYSTEMS FIGURE 16. NJ 07458 . Inc. The oil returns to the oil pan through the oil drain back holes in the cylinder head. Introduction to Automotive Service © 2013 Pearson Higher Education.6 Oil is sent to the rocker arms on this Chevrolet V-8 engine through the hollow pushrods.

7 A typical oil pan with a built-in windage tray used to keep oil from being churned up by the rotating crankshaft. Introduction to Automotive Service © 2013 Pearson Higher Education. James Halderman Darrell Deeter Pearson Prentice Hall .Upper Saddle River. Inc. NJ 07458 . 16 ENGINE LUBRICATION AND COOLING SYSTEMS FIGURE 16.

8 Oil is cooled by the flow of coolant through the oil filter adaptor. 16 ENGINE LUBRICATION AND COOLING SYSTEMS FIGURE 16.Upper Saddle River. Introduction to Automotive Service © 2013 Pearson Higher Education. James Halderman Darrell Deeter Pearson Prentice Hall . Inc. NJ 07458 .

Upper Saddle River.9 Typical combustion and exhaust temperatures. Inc. James Halderman Darrell Deeter Pearson Prentice Hall . Introduction to Automotive Service © 2013 Pearson Higher Education. 16 ENGINE LUBRICATION AND COOLING SYSTEMS FIGURE 16. NJ 07458 .

Hoses are used to move the coolant to and from the radiator and to and from the heater core inside the vehicle. 16 ENGINE LUBRICATION AND COOLING SYSTEMS FIGURE 16.10 The engine cooling system includes the water jackets (passages) in the engine. The thermostat is used to control coolant temperature. plus the water pump and radiator. Introduction to Automotive Service © 2013 Pearson Higher Education.Upper Saddle River. James Halderman Darrell Deeter Pearson Prentice Hall . Inc. NJ 07458 .

16 ENGINE LUBRICATION AND COOLING SYSTEMS FIGURE 16.” Introduction to Automotive Service © 2013 Pearson Higher Education.11 Havoline was the first company to make and market OAT coolants.Upper Saddle River. General Motors uses the term “DEX-COOL. NJ 07458 . Inc. James Halderman Darrell Deeter Pearson Prentice Hall .

16 ENGINE LUBRICATION AND COOLING SYSTEMS FIGURE 16. Inc. NJ 07458 .12 Coolant used in Fords that use Mazda engines and in Mazda vehicles. It requires the use of an HOAT coolant. Introduction to Automotive Service © 2013 Pearson Higher Education. James Halderman Darrell Deeter Pearson Prentice Hall . which is dark green and is premixed 55% antifreeze and 45% water in this example.Upper Saddle River.

NJ 07458 .Upper Saddle River. Inc.” Many states now require that all coolants sold in the state be embittered. 16 ENGINE LUBRICATION AND COOLING SYSTEMS FIGURE 16. Introduction to Automotive Service © 2013 Pearson Higher Education. James Halderman Darrell Deeter Pearson Prentice Hall .13 Not all embittered coolants are labeled “embittered.