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AUTOMATIC SOLOR

POWERED PLANT
IRRIGATION SYSTEM
OBJECTIVE :
To tackle the problems of agricultural
sector regarding irrigation system with
available water resources and power supply.

New concepts are being developed to allow


agricultural automation to flourish and
deliver its full potential, so we consider the
implication of developing a new single
technology of Automatic plant irrigation
system using 8051 family MCU.
EMBEDDED SYSTEM
An embedded system is a special purpose
computer system designed to perform one
or a few dedicated functions, often with real
time computing constraints.
It is usually embedded as part of a complete
device including hardware and mechanical
parts
BLOCK DIAGRAM
SOLAR POWER BATTERY
PANEL SUPPLY

LCD
8051
BUZZER MICRO
-
PUMP
CONTR
OLLER SOIL
BLUETOOTH AT89C MOISTURE
MODULE 51 SENSOR
POWER SUPPLY
The whole project can be
supplied by the power harnessed
from the solar panels and can be
stored in batteries.
The controller unit consist of
Mosfets and voltage regulator
like 7805 for the 5 volt supply to
the microcontroller
It also consist the pump control
unit which is commended by the
MICROCONTROLLER
The microcontroller used is of 8051
family which is AT89C51.
The AT89C51 is a low-power, high-performance
CMOS 8-bit microcontroller with 8K bytes of in-
system programmable flash memory.
By combining a versatile 8-bit CPU with in-
system programmable flash on a monolithic chip,
the Atmel AT89S52 is a powerful microcontroller
which provides a highly-flexible and cost-
effective solution to many embedded control
applications.
PIN DIAGRAM
RELAY
A Relay is an electrically controllable switch
widely used in industrial controls,
automobiles, etc
AC MOTOR
An electric motor uses
electrical energy to produce
mechanical energy.
Electric motors are found
in household appliances
such as fans,
refrigerators, washing
machines, pool pumps,
floor vacuums, and fan-
forced ovens.
TRIAC BT136

TRIAC, from Triode for


Alternating Current, is a
generalized trade name for an
electronic component which
can conduct current in either
direction when it is triggered
(turned on), and is formally called
bidirectional triode thyristor or
bilateral triode thyristor.
Liquid crystal display (LCD):

It is a thin, flat panel used for


electronically displaying information such
as text, images, and moving pictures.
Its uses include monitors for computers,
televisions, instrument panels, and other
devices ranging from aircraft cockpit
displays, to every-day consumer devices
such as gaming devices, clocks,
watches, calculators, and telephones
ADVANTAGES
Night Day mode sensing

Low cost

Highly sensitive

Reliable circuit

Complete elimination of manpower


FUTURE SCOPE
The main scope of this project is to make the
irrigation automated.
With the use of low cost sensors and the simple
circuitrymakes this project a low cost product, which
can be bought by a poor farmer.
This project is best suitedfor places where water is
scares and to be used in limited quantity.
THANK YOU