Right Triangle Trigonometry
Trigonometry is based upon ratios of the sides of right triangles.
The sides of the right triangle are:
the side opposite the acute angle x, the side adjacent to the acute angle x, and the hypotenuse of the right triangle.
Right Triangle Trigonometry
The hypotenuse is the longest side and is always opposite the right angle.
The opposite and adjacent sides refer to another angle, other than the 90 ^{o} .
Trigonometric Ratios
The trigonometric functions are:
sine, cosine, and tangent.
adj
^{o}^{p}^{p}
sin x
=
opp
hyp
cos x
=
adj
hyp
tan x
=
opp
adj
S O H
C A H
T O A
Finding a side from a triangle
1.
We have been given the adj and hyp so we use COSINE:
adjacent
^{C}^{o}^{s} ^{x} ^{=} hypotenuse
Cos x =
a
_{h}
Cos 30
=
k
7
(Cos 30)(7) = k 6.1 cm = k
It can also be used in reverse, finding an angle from a ratio. To do this we use the sin ^{}^{1} , cos ^{}^{1} and tan ^{}^{1} function keys.
Example:
0.1115 find angle x.
(
)
(
)
6.
10 cm
sin y =
Given opp and hyp need to use sin:

opposite

^{S}^{i}^{n} ^{y} ^{=} hypotenuse

o
_{h}
10
12
sin y = 0.8333
y = sin ^{}^{1} (0.8333)
y = 56.4 ^{o}