This is basics of Induction motor drives.

© All Rights Reserved

1 views

This is basics of Induction motor drives.

© All Rights Reserved

- Single Phase Induction Motor
- Speed Sensorless FOC_Hisao Kubota
- Induction Motor Theory
- Electrical motor
- Wound Rotor Materials
- Starters for Induction Motors
- Thesis
- AC Machines
- Maximum Short Circuit Force Calculation of 3-ϕ Induction Motor Using FEM Analysis
- 1961 - Thermal Relationships in an Induction Motor Under Normal and Abnormal Operation
- amo_motors_sourcebook_web.pdf
- 7 Transformador Converted
- Motor Modelling
- BBB Contoh Nyata Resistor Control
- Induction Motor Rotor Bars
- Three Phase Induction Motor
- Electrical Machine Design II
- Induction Motor Notes
- IJETAE_0314_07
- Kdkdhdtehehsiaijsjcncbbvvvh

You are on page 1of 27

Department of Electrical Engineering

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi

Hauz Khas, New Delhi-110016, India

1

Induction Motor Drives

2

Induction Motor Classification

Three phase induction motors are asynchronous

motors and can be classified in two categories:

Squirrel Cage Rotor;

Wound Rotor;

Following are some relations used in the analysis of

any of the above induction motors:

The slip s = (ns-nr)/ns; where ns is synchronous

speed and nr is the actual rotor speed.

Therefore the angular speed r= (1-s) s; and

The rotor frequency fr = s fe; where fe is stator

supply frequency.

3

Induction Motor Equivalent circuit

Phasor diagram of induction motor

Power transferred across the air gap Pg = Ir2 (Rr/s);

Rotor power loss = Ir2 Rr = s Pg;

Shaft power = (1-s) Pg

4

Induction Motor Torque

The mechanical power or shaft power can also be defined as:

Pshaft = r T = (1-s) s T; where T is developed torque.

From the previous relations:

T= Pshaft / r = Pg /s = Ir2(Rr/s)/s

s = (2/P) e;

5

Simplified Equivalent circuit

2

Vseq Rr s

1

T=

s Rseq Rr s 2 X seq X r 2

6

T-slip Characteristic

7

Maximum Torque

The developed torque shall be maximum when

Rr s R X Xr ;

2 2

seq seq

R X Xr

2 2

s max T Rr seq seq

2

1 0.5 V seq

Tmax =

s R R 2 X X 2

seq seq seq r

The value of max. torque remains constant for

any value of rotor resistance but the speed at which

it occurs can be directly controlled.

8

T-slip Characteristic

9

The Inductance Matrix

2 L

L ab L bc L ca L ms cos ms

3 2

2 L

L a r b r L b r c r L c r a r L mr cos mr

3 2

Wre

L sr er L ms cos er

Wse

equivalent wound rotor

10

The Inductance Matrix

The inductances may be now assembled into the so called matrix inductance

a b c ar br cr

a L aa L ab L ac La ra L bra L c r a

b L ab L bb L bc La rb L br b Lcr b

L a , b ,c ,a rr , b rr ,c rr

er c

L ac L bc L cc La rc Lbrc Lcrc

ar La ra La rb La rc La ra r La r br La rcr

br L bra L br b L brc La rbr L br br L brcr

c Lcra Lcr b Lcrc La rcr L brcr L c r c r

r

where: L aa L bb L cc L ls L ms L ab L ms / 2 L ac L ms / 2

L a r a L b r b L c r c L srm cos er L a r a r L b r b r L c r c r Lr lr Lr mr

L c r a L a r b L b r c L srm cos er 2 / 3

L c r b L a r c L b r a L srm cos er 2 / 3

L a r b r Lr mr / 2 L b11r c r Lr mr / 2

Reducing the Rotor to Stator

L srm L ms

i ar i br i cr

r

r r K rs

i ar i br i cr

Var Vbr Vcr 1

Varr Vbrr Vcrr K rs

rr L lr 1

rrr Lrlr K rs 2

a , b ,c ,a r , b r ,c r er

is similar to that older matrix,

but with Lr mr L , L. L

ms srm ms

12

The Phase Coordinate Model

V r i d

dt

L a ,b,c,a ,b ,c er i

r r r

r Diag rs , rs , rs , rr , rr , rr

V Va , Vb , Vc , Var , Vbr , Vcr T

i i a , i b , i c , i ar , i br , i cr T

V r i L d i d L i der

dt der dt

der

r p r

dt

13

The Phase Coordinate Model

1 T d L

i V i r i

T T d 1

dt 2

L i i i i r

T

2 der

1 T d L

Pe Te r i i r

2 der

1 T d L

Te p i i

2 der

J d r der

Te Tload ; r

p dt dt

14

The Space Phasor Model

2

ae

j

3

; cos

2

3

Re a ; cos

4

3

Re a 2 ;

cos er

2

3

Re a e j er

;cos

er

4

3

j

Re a e er ;

2

a L ls i a L ms Re i a a i b a 2 i c L ms Re i ar a i br a 2 i cr e jer

ar L lr i ar L ms Re i ar a i br a 2 i cr L ms Re i a a i b a 2 i c e jer

s 2

is ia a i b a 2 ic

3

r 2

i r i ar a i br a 2 i cr

3

s 1

Re i s i a i a i b i c i a i 0

3

1

Re i r i ar i ar i br i cr i ar i 0

r

3 15

The Space Phasor Model

i a i b i c 0; i ar i br i cr 0

s

a L ls Re i s L m Re i s i r e jer ; L m

s s

3

2

L ms

r ar L lr Re i r L m Re i r i s e jer

s r s

s s

V s rs i s

d s

s

s

rs i s L s

di s

Lm

d i r e jer

s

r

dt dt dt

r r

V r rr i r

d r

r

r

rr i r L r

di r

Lm

d i s e jer

r

s

dt dt dt

L s L ls L m ; L r L lr L m

16

The Space Phasor Model

d b

b

dt

s s e j b ; i s i s e j b ; V s V s e j b

s b s b s b

r r e j b er ; i r i r e j b er ; V r V r e j b er

r b r b r b

d s

V s rs i s j b s

dt

d r

V r rr i r j b r r

dt

s Ls is L m i r

r L r i r L m is

3

* 3

Te p Re j s i s p Re j r i r

2 2

*

17

The Space Phasor Model

We may now decompose in plane the space phasors along two

orthogonal axes d and q moving at speed b

V s Vd j Vq ; i s i d j i q ; s d j q

V r Vdr j Vqr ; i r i dr j i qr ; r dr j qr

d

Vd rs i d d b q

dt

d q

Vq rs i q b d

dt

d

Vdr rr i dr dr b r qr

dt

d qr

Vqr rr i qr b r dr

dt

Te p d i q q i d pL m i q i dr i d i qr

3 3

2 2

18

The Space Phasor Model

Vd Va

V 1 P V

q 2

b b

V0 Vc

2 2

cos b cos b cos b

3 3

P b 2 sin b sin b 2

sin b

2

3 3 3

1 1 1

2 2 2

P b 1 3 P b T

2 19

Example

1. An induction motor has the following parameters:

5 hp, 200V, 3-phase, 60 Hz, 4-pole, star connected; R s 0.277 R r 0.183 , Lm 0.0538 ,

Ls 0.0553 , Lr 0.056 , Stator to rotor turn ratio = 3

The motor is supplied with its rated and balanced voltages. Find the q and d axes steady state voltages

and currents as well as phase currents I qrr , I drr , I and I when the rotor is locked. Use the stator-reference

frame model of the induction machine

Solution:

The applied voltage are as follows:

200 2 2

vas 2 sin s t 163.3sin s t ; vbs 163.3sin s t ; vcs 163.3sin s t

3 3 3

The d and q axes volages are

vqs vas

v T s v

ds abc bs

vo vcs

1

vqs vas 163.3sin bt 163.30; vds vcs vbs j163.390

3

20

Example

Rotor is locked; hence,

& 0

r

p = js j2f s = j377 rad/s

The system equations in steady state

vqs Rs js Ls 0 js Lm 0 i qs

v 0 Rs js Ls 0 js Lm ids

ds

0 js Lm 0 Rr js Lr 0 iqr

0 0 js Lm 0 Rr js Lr idr

iqs 113.87 71.90

ids 113.8118.10

iqr 109.34108.6

idr 109.34 161.4

Note that the stator and rotor currents are displaced by 90 among themseleves, as expected in

a two phase machine. The zero-sequence currents are zero, because zero-sequence voltages are

non-existent with the balanced supply voltage.

21

Example

The phase currents are

1 0 1

ias iqs 113.8 71.9

i 1 3 1

i 113.8168.1

bs 2 2 ds

ics io 113.848.1

1 3 1

2 2

Various rotor currents are

i qrr ai qr 328.02108.6

idrr aidr 328.02 161.4

The and current, assuming r 0, are

i cos r sin r idrr 1 0 i drr 328.02 161.4

i i qrr

sin r cos r iqrr 0 1

328.02108.6

22

Example

2. A high efficiency induction motor with cage rotor has the data: rated

power Pn = 5kW, rated line voltage (rms) VL = 220V (star connection), rated

frequency f1 = 60Hz, number of pole pairs p = 2, core loss (P iron) =

mechanical loss Pmec = 1.5% of Pn, additional losses padd = 1%Pn, stator per

rotor winding losses pcor/pcos = 2/3, rated efficiency n = 0.9 and power factor

cosn = 0.88.

Calculate all loss components, phase current (rms), then rated slip,

speed, electromagnetic torque, shaft torque and stator current (as space

phasors).

23

Example

The input power Pin is: Pout 5000

Pin 5555.55W

n 0.9

The phase current In (rms) is:

Pin 5555.55

In 16.58A

3 VL cos n 3 220 0.88

p P in Pout 5555.55 5000 555.55W

p add 0.01 5000 50 W

p cos p cor p p iron p mec p add 555.55 75 75 50 355W

2

p cos p cos 355W

3

p cos 213.3 W; p cor 142 W 24

Example

The electromagnetic power Pe is the active power that crosses the airgap:

1

Pe Pin Pcos p iron Te

p

Pe 5555.55 213 75 5267 W

5267

Te 2 27.956 Nm

260

p cor Sn Pe

The rotor winding loss pcor is:

and thus the rated slip is: 142

Sn 0.02696

The rated speed nn is: 5267

f1

nn 1 Sn 60 1 0.02696 29.1912rps 1751.472rpm

p 2

The shaft torque Tn is calculated directly from mechanical power P n:

P 5000

Tn n 27.274 Nm Te

2n n 2 29.1912

25

Example

Finally the amplitude of the stator current is, in synchronous

coordinates (d.c. quantities) are:

26

References

1. D.W. Novotny and T.A. Lipo, Vector Control and Dynamics of AC Drives,

Oxford University Press, New York, 1997.

2. I. Boldea and S.A. Nasar, Electric Drives, CRC Press, 1998

3. I. Boldea and S.A. Nasar, Vector Control of AC drives, CRC Press

4. B.K. Bose, Modern Power electronics and AC drives, Pearson Education

India, 2002.

5. P. Vas, Sensorless Vector and Direct Torque Control, Oxford University

Press, 1998.

6. R. Krishnan, Electric Motor drives : Modeling, analysis and control,

Pearson education India, 2003.

7. G.K.Dubey, Power Semiconductor Controlled Drives Prentice Hall, New

Jersey, 1989.

27

- Single Phase Induction MotorUploaded bylokesh_045
- Speed Sensorless FOC_Hisao KubotaUploaded bykhiconv2
- Induction Motor TheoryUploaded byishumzp
- Electrical motorUploaded byabdulkadhir
- Wound Rotor MaterialsUploaded bysenthilkumarece
- Starters for Induction MotorsUploaded byPalanivel Koothar
- ThesisUploaded bycheltu
- AC MachinesUploaded byMadridSpain
- Maximum Short Circuit Force Calculation of 3-ϕ Induction Motor Using FEM AnalysisUploaded byDivyang Soni
- 1961 - Thermal Relationships in an Induction Motor Under Normal and Abnormal OperationUploaded bylbk50
- amo_motors_sourcebook_web.pdfUploaded byalvaronicolas89
- 7 Transformador ConvertedUploaded byMarco Avila Martinez
- Motor ModellingUploaded byHero Boss
- BBB Contoh Nyata Resistor ControlUploaded byZaky Darmawan
- Induction Motor Rotor BarsUploaded bylupillorivera9981
- Three Phase Induction MotorUploaded byCønstäh Van Der Wüppertälärîanskíh
- Electrical Machine Design IIUploaded byMeet Joshi
- Induction Motor NotesUploaded byMani Sai
- IJETAE_0314_07Uploaded byMallikarjunBhirade
- KdkdhdtehehsiaijsjcncbbvvvhUploaded byTroubleshooting
- Complex Controller for Three-Phase Induction Motor Direct Torque Control.pdfUploaded byccprado1
- lec2Uploaded byVishnu Vardhan Reddy
- 150302623 Unit IV Induction MotorsUploaded bygokulchandru
- CoDeSys Manual V2p3Uploaded byLac le Van
- 11 Ecm Reccirc Power PointnewUploaded bysambasivamme
- KonevUploaded byakash natkut
- Electrical DrivesUploaded byNirman Parashar
- 2.pdfUploaded byIdham Leamsi
- Induction MachinesUploaded byKesalan Terasa
- IM StructureUploaded byAnoop Mathew

- Computation of Potential Flow Around Circular CylinderUploaded byalireza_vatandoust
- Design and Analysis of Piping System With Supports Using CAESAR IIUploaded byangelufc99
- Instruments Feedback Worksheet 5Uploaded byboeingairbus1957
- Heat Treatment on Magnesium Aluminum Zinc Alloy AZ91DUploaded bygustavojorge12
- MaglevUploaded byNeeraj Gupta
- Aeroderivative Gas TurbineUploaded bycoleiro
- ns-operUploaded byVishwadeep Barge
- 37034538-VGTUploaded byBeena raj
- Hamechi Rajebe Gloss Va Nabshe CopeglasUploaded bysandbadbahri
- Pump ClearancesUploaded byBv Rao
- 05 Ppt System Effects 06Uploaded byAnonymous 6lLH9TMOl
- The Myawady Daily (11-8-2012)Uploaded byTheMyawadyDaily
- Pid ControlUploaded byKader Khan
- MultiCam 1000-Series CNC RouterUploaded byDaniel Austin
- Agorithms HomeworkUploaded byDanny Lugo
- ME2134.docxUploaded byben
- BB Tug EscortUploaded byLeo Vitor
- SGN22-1Uploaded byHercio Moyses
- Supersonic.pdfUploaded byVijay Chandar
- Cheat SheetUploaded byKelsey French
- uavUploaded byaerozist_802756913
- RTI Titus CatalogueUploaded bySrikanth Tagore
- Tech Data TecnorollUploaded byAgus Wijayanto
- Price List for Hot Rolled Products January 1 2009Uploaded bytdecebalus
- Chap 2Uploaded byQassem Mohaidat
- Mathematics tutorialUploaded byehsanzkr_499329029
- Mosquito DrawingsUploaded byseafire47
- Psv Data BookUploaded bykenoly123
- Formulário de ChecagemUploaded byvanessamecenas
- Naval Weapons Industrial Reserve Plant, Calverton - Wikipedia, The Free EncyclopediaUploaded bybmxengineering