INCREDIBLE INDIA

DR.RAJ DR.ALI

HISTORY«««..

15 AUG 1947..THE BRITISH WERE TOSS OUT AND WE GOT INDEPENDENCE

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

OUT OF 6.6 BILLION POPULATION IN THE WORLD. INDIA RANKS 2ND IN POPULATION 1.2 B. 1652 LANGUAGES IN INDIA 18 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES,,ENGLISH IS THE 2ND OFFICIAL LANGUAGE. ‡ 28 STATES AND 7 UNION TERRITORIES. ‡ CURRENCY RUPEES.

The culture of INDIA
‡ The culture of India has been shaped not only by its long history, unique geography and diverse demography, but also by its ancient heritages, which were formed during the Indus Valley Civilization and evolved further during the Vedic age, rise and decline of Buddhism, the Golden age, invasions from Central Asia, European colonization and the Indian independence movement. ‡ India's languages, religions, dance, music, architecture and customs differ from place to place within the country, but nevertheless possess a commonality. ‡ The culture of India is an amalgamation of these diverse sub-cultures spread all over the Indian subcontinent and traditions that are several millennia old.

GEOGRAPHY««.
the seventh-largest country in the world, with a total land area of 3,287,263 square kilometres

Kashmir«««known as heaven on earth

Punjab««Golden temple

The desert of India««.RAJASTHAN

DELHI«««..RED FORT

THE EASTERN PART OF INDIA

Among 7 wonders of the world

TAJ MAHAL«««.AGRA(symbol of love)

MUMBAI
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ BUSINESS CENTRE. PORT. WORLD 2ND LARGEST FILM INDUSTRY«. BOLLYWOOD FASHION INDUSTRY.

SOUTH INDIA

MYSORE PALACE

OOTY

OUR CITY««..HYDERABAD

7TH LARGEST WATER FALLS IN THE WORLD-JOG FALLS

The religion
‡ India is the birth place of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism, collectively known as Indian religions. Indian religions, also known as Dharmic religions are a major form of world religions along with Abrahamic ones. ‡ Today, Hinduism and Buddhism are the world's thirdand fourth-largest religions respectively, with around 1.4 billion followers altogether. ‡

Hinduism
‡ Worship place«««mandir(temple) ‡ Offerings«««.puja.

‡ Believe in rebirth«««.janam.

ISLAM
‡ WORSHIP PLACE«.MOSQUE. ‡ PRAYERS«.NAMAZ.(5 TIMES). ‡ FASTING (RAMADAN)

BUDDISM AND JAINISM FOLLOWERS OF GAUTAM BUDDAH VEGETERIANS,MEDITATION.

SIKH
‡ FOLLOWERS OF GURUS(RELIGIOUS TEACHER). ‡ RELIGIOUS PLACE «GURUDWARA.

SOCIETY OF INDIA
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ OVER VIEW FAMILY MARRIAGES NAMASTHE FESTIVALS CUSISINE CLOTHING

Overview ‡ According to Eugene M. Makar, traditional Indian culture is defined by relatively strict social hierarchy. He also mentions that from an early age, children are reminded of their roles and places in society. This is reinforced by the fact that many believe gods and spirits have an integral and functional role in determining their life. Several differences such as religion divide the culture.

Family ‡ Main articles: Hindu joint family, Arranged marriage in India, and Women in India ‡ A bride during a traditional Punjabi Hindu wedding ceremony. ‡ Family plays a significant role in the Indian culture. For generations, India has had a prevailing tradition of the joint family system. It is a system under which extended members of a family - parents, children, the children¶s spouses and their offspring, etc. - live together. Usually, the eldest male member is the head in the joint Indian family system. He makes all important decisions and rules, and other family members abide by them.

‡ Marriage
For centuries, arranged marriages have been the tradition in Indian society. Even today, the vast majority of Indians have their marriages planned by their parents and other respected family-members, with the consent of the bride and groom. Arranged matches are made after taking into account factors such as age, height, personal values and tastes, the backgrounds of their families (wealth, social standing) and their castes and the astrological compatibility of the couples' horoscopes.

Clothing

food

ARTS
INDIAN DANCE ‡ kuchipudi performer from Andhra Pradesh. ‡ Indian dance too has diverse folk and classical forms. Among the well-known folk dances are the bhangra of the Punjab, the bihu of Assam, The chhau of Jharkhand the Orissan, the ghoomar of Rajasthan, the dandiya and garba of Gujarat, the Yakshagana of karnataka , lavani of Maharashtra Dekhnni of Goa.

‡ Drama and theater ‡ Indian drama and theater has a long history alongside its music and dance. ‡ Kalidasa's plays like Shakuntala and Meghadoota are some of the older plays, following those of Bhasa.

‡ One of the oldest surviving theatre traditions of the world is the 2,000 year old Kutiyattam of Kerala. It strictly follows the Natya Shastra

Music
‡ The music of India includes multiple varieties of religious, folk, popular, pop, and classical music. The oldest preserved examples of Indian music are the melodies of the Samaveda that are still sung in certain Vedic rauta sacrifices. ‡ India's classical music tradition is heavily influenced by Hindu texts. It includes two distinct styles: Carnatic and Hindustani music.

THE GOVERNMENT

The Government of India, officially known as the Union Government and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, The governing authority of a union of 28 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India. It is seated in New Delhi, the capital of India.

The government
The executive The judiciary The legislative

Types of government
Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic

‡ sovereign The word sovereign means supreme or independent nation. India is internally and externally sovereign - externally free from the control of any foreign power and internally, it has a free government which is directly elected by the people and makes laws that govern the people. ‡ Socialist The word socialist was added to the Preamble by the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976. It implies social and economic equality for all its citizens. There will be no discrimination on the basis of caste, colour, creed, sex, religion or language.

‡ Secular The word secular was inserted into the Preamble by the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976. It implies equality of all religions and religious tolerance. India does not have any official state religion. Every person has the right to preach, practice and propagate any religion of their own choice. ‡ Democratic The government of India is elected democratically. ‡ Eligible voters may vote at the polling station in his/her constituency at which he /she is registered on presentation of the voter's identity card or other suitable identification.

‡ Republic Republic meaning the Rule of Law. To prevent the tyranny of majority all rules have to respect the constitution.Any rule which violates fundamental rights are unconstitutional and hence void. The President of India is elected head of the republic by an electoral college indirectly for a term of five years.

MARAMING SALAMAT POOOOOO

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