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Optical Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication System Using LED
Transmitter and Camera Receiver

Paper Details

V2V Communication

Optical V2V Communication

Optical Communication Image Sensor

LED Transmitter and Camera Receiver

Measurement of Distance


Merit and Demerits

Courses Covered

Optical Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication System Using LED

Transmitter and Camera Receiver

IEEE Photonics Journal, Volume 6, Number 5, October 2014

Isamu Takai, Member, Tomohisa Harada, Michinori Andoh, Keita
Yasutomi, Keiichiro Kagawa, Shoji Kawahito

Wireless transmission of data between motor vehicles.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

that will mandate vehicle to vehicle (V2V) communication systems in all new cars and trucks.

Vehicles will be able to communicate important safety and mobility information to one another
Save lives and prevent injury
Ease traffic congestion
Improve the environment.

Uses Optical Wireless Technology(OWC)

LEDs are used as Transmitting device in OWC

Camera are used as Receiving device in OWC and they provide non-
interference communication.

Camera should provide higher data rate , accurate & quick LED
Optical V2V Communication System
Optical Communication Image Sensor (OCI)

Fabricated with 18um CMOS image sensor technology.

Communication pixel(CPx) provide reception of high speed optical signal and improved
response to light intensity variation.

Image pixel(IPx) helps to detect LED transmitter.

OCI also contains peripheral circuit that drive pixel array and captured image and optical
Operation of Optical Communication Image

Fig. Block Diagram Of LED Transmitter System

Fig: Packet structure and communication specification

Vehicle internal data are packed in packets.

Packets are encoded using Manchester Coding which then drives LED to send
optical signals to the receiver.
Camera Receiver

Fig. Block Diagram of Optical Camera Receiver

Camera Selection in Multi Light source

Receiver labels each light source and receives optical signal one-by-one.

After data reception from last source, the process is repeated till next target position
is received.

If preamble of a packet is not received in set time, that target is skipped.

Targets with no data are skipped such as that of sun.

Optical V2V Communication System

Leading Vehicle(LV) has 2 LED array unit, a controller and a front view camera.

Controller collect vehicle internal data and front view image(320*240, colour)

Data consists of vehicle ID, LED ID, vehicle speed, operating states of various
devices and distance data between left and right side LED array unit.

Front view image is compressed in JPEG format and sent at 20fps.

Following Vehicle has camera receiver and PC.

Measurement of distance between vehicle

On FV, new data can be computed using received data and flag image.

Relative speed can be used to calculate distance between LV and FV.

Intervehicular distance L can be calculated as-


Fig.. Detection results of LED array units by using the flag image. (a), (b) Daytime lighting
(c) Nighttime lighting condition. (d), (e) Daytime lighting conditions under which reflection
of the direct sunlight on the LV body exist. (f) Nighttime lighting condition under which brake
lights of the LV are on.
Fig. Reception result of vehicle internal data and front-view image in
the daytime
Fig. Reception result of vehicle internal data and front-view image in
the daytime

Helps in preventing accidents and saving lives.

Maintaining the Traffic congestion in an area.

Provides non interference, efficient and fast communication between two


Cost increase due to use of two different camera for optical communication and
other safety and comfort application.

Less efficiency under arduous lighting and movement.

Loss of information in critical conditions.

Disruption of privacy.

Optical Communication

Image Processing

Computer Communication Networks

Information Theory and Coding