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# X AND R CHART EXAMPLE

IN-CLASS EXERCISE
The following collection of data represents
samples of the amount of force applied in
a gluing process:

## Determine if the process is in control

by calculating the appropriate upper and
lower
control limits of the X-bar and R charts.
X AND R CHART EXAMPLE
IN-CLASS EXERCISE
Sample Obs 1 Obs 2 Obs 3 Obs 4 Obs 5
1 10.68 10.689 10.776 10.798 10.714
2 10.79 10.86 10.601 10.746 10.779
3 10.78 10.667 10.838 10.785 10.723
4 10.59 10.727 10.812 10.775 10.73
5 10.69 10.708 10.79 10.758 10.671
6 10.75 10.714 10.738 10.719 10.606
7 10.79 10.713 10.689 10.877 10.603
8 10.74 10.779 10.11 10.737 10.75
9 10.77 10.773 10.641 10.644 10.725
10 10.72 10.671 10.708 10.85 10.712
11 10.79 10.821 10.764 10.658 10.708
12 10.62 10.802 10.818 10.872 10.727
13 10.66 10.822 10.893 10.544 10.75
14 10.81 10.749 10.859 10.801 10.701
15 10.66 10.681 10.644 10.747 10.728
1. Calculate sample means, sample
ranges, mean of means, and mean of
ranges.
Example of x-bar and R charts: Step 2.
Determine Control Limit Formulas and
Necessary Tabled Values
x Chart Control Limits
n A2 D3 D4
UCL = x + A 2 R 2 1.88 0 3.27
3 1.02 0 2.57
LCL = x - A 2 R 4 0.73 0 2.28
5 0.58 0 2.11
6 0.48 0 2.00
R Chart Control Limits 7 0.42 0.08 1.92
8 0.37 0.14 1.86
UCL = D 4 R 9 0.34 0.18 1.82
10 0.31 0.22 1.78
LCL = D3 R 11 0.29 0.26 1.74
Example of x-bar and R charts:
Steps 3&4. Calculate x-bar Chart
and Plot Values
UCL = x + A2 R 10.728 .58( 0.2204 )=10.856
LCL = x - A2 R 10.728-.58( 0.2204 )=10.601
10.900

10.850

10.800

10.750
Means

Sample
10.700 mean
UCL

10.650 LCL

10.600 grand
mean of x

10.550
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Sample
Steps 5&6: Calculate R-chart and
Plot Values
UCL = D 4 R ( 2.11)(0.2204) 0.46504
LCL = D 3 R (0)(0.2204) 0