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GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICALUNIVERSITY

Vishwakarma Government Engineering


College
Chandkheda, Ahmedabad-382424

Department: Power Electronics


Semester: 8
Subject: Project-II
3-Phase Inverter using Space Vector
Modulation
Submitted by:

Linson Lazar 130170124030


Meet Patel 130170124031
RishabhAgarwal 130170124052
Soumendu Chatterjee 130170124056

Guided By:
Prof. V. G. Patel

Head of Department:
Prof. V. G. Patel
Summary on previous work done
Study and knowledge about the concept of Space Vector Pulse Width
Modulation, its theory and logic.

Simulation of 3-phase inverter circuit implementing SVPWM method in


MATLAB.

Selection of the driver IC and its utilization on the half-bridge driver circuit.

Selection of microcontroller and its related software for the practical


devising of the SVPWM method.
Block Diagram of Hardware Implementation

Figure-1 : Block Diagram of


Hardware Implementation
Hardware Implementation
There are basically four units which are used for successful implementation
of the hardware circuit:-

1. The Half-bridge Driver unit

2. The Power Circuit unit

3. The Power Supply unit

4. The Microcontroller unit i.e. TMS320F28377S launchpad


The Half-Bridge Driver Unit
The half-bridge driver unit comprises of two opto-isolated gate driver ICs
i.e. HCPL-316J.
Each of the driver ICs is used to drive both the upper and lower MOSFET
switches in one leg of the inverter alternatively.
The half-bridge driver unit receives gate pulse with frequency 20kHz and a
dc supply of 5V.
Additionally, two separate supplies of 15V dc each are given to the unit as
VCC for the ICs to function.
The Half-Bridge Driver Unit

Figure-2 : Half-Bridge Driver Circuit unit


Output of half-bridge driver unit
The half-bridge driver unit will give
output in the form of square wave
according to the frequency set by the
controller.
This square wave will become gate
pulses for the MOSFET switches.
As shown in the figure, the pulses above
are given to the upper switch while the
pulses below are given to the lower
Figure-3 : Output waveform of HB Driver circuit
switch.
The Delay in Output
There is a small noticeable delay during the transition of upper and lower
switches into their alternative states.

This delay becomes necessary during the transition states to avoid the
short-circuiting of switches in one leg.

There appears a dead time, in which both the switches remain open and
henceforth switch on or off according to the pulses given.
The Delay in Output

Figure-4 : Dead Time when upper switch turns off Figure-5 : Dead Time when upper switch turns on
The Power Circuit unit
The power circuit unit is of utmost importance in the project.

The power circuit unit mainly consists the two MOSFETs i.e. IRF740
which forms one leg of the inverter unit.

It receives gate pulses for the MOSFETs to operate, produced from the
half-bridge driver unit.

24V DC bus supply is given to the unit which is used for the inverting
process, according to the frequency decided by the controller.
The Power Circuit unit

Figure-6 : Power Circuit Unit


Output of power circuit unit

Figure-7 : Output waveform of Power Circuit


The Power Supply unit
The power supply units play an integral role in the project as they are
needed in every other units for their operations.
Here, there are total eight power supply units to be used, out of which
six are 15V units, one is 5V unit and one is 24v unit.
Six 15V units are used to supply as VCC to the driver ICs in the half-
bridge driver units.
The 5V unit is used to supply the driver units for their operation.
The 24V unit is used as a common dc bus supply to the power circuits.
The Power Supply unit

Figure-8 : Power Supply Unit


Simulation Results

Figure-9 : Output load current and voltages waveform


THD Analysis of Load Current

Figure-10 : THD Analysis of output current in phase A


References
TMS320F28377s Datasheet (sprs881c)

CCS tutorial (spruc301c)

HCPL316J datasheet

IRF740 datasheet

Space-Vector PWM With TMS320C24x/F24x Using Hardware and Software


Determined Switching Patterns by Zhenyu Yu (SPRA524)

Websites :- www.ti.com , www.wikipedia.org