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INTRODUCTION TO MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS

CAN COULD

MAY MIGHT

SHALL SHOULD

WILL WOULD

MUST OUGHT TO

They are followed by an infinitive without to. ex: It might rain. ex: I had to work hard when I was young. There is no – s in the third person. ex: May I ask you a question? There is no don’t / doesn’t in the negative. .Other verbs are used instead. The excpetion is ought to. ex: You shouldn’t tell lies. They can be used with perfect infinitives to refer to the past. They don’t have past forms or infinitives or –ing form. ex: He can swim  There is no do / does in the question. ex: You should have told me that you can’t swim.

MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS OF PROBABILITY PRESENT AND FUTURE Should Must May Will Can’t Might .

It’ll be from my aunt. Willand won’t are also used to express what we believe or guess to be true about the present. ex: I’ll see you later. ex: You’ve got a letter from Canada. Will Willan wont’t are used to predict a future action. .

Must and can’t Must is used to assert what we infer or conclude to be the most logical and rational interpretation of a situation. ex: You must be joking!I simply don’t believe you. ex: She can’t have a ten year old daughter! She’s only twenty-one herself. The negative of this use is can’t. .

ex: We should be moving into our new house soon.It is not used to express negative or unpleasant idea. . Should in this use has the idea that we want the action to happen.it means believing that things are or will be as we want them to be.This use of should has the idea of if everything has gone according to plan. ex: You should pass the exam. ( as long as nothing goes wrong ).You’ve worked hard. Should Should express what may reasonably be expected to happen.

ex: It might rain. May and might May express the possibility that an event will happen or is happening. Might is more tentaive and slightly less certain than may. ex: We may go to Greece this year. .We haven’t decided yet.Take your umbrella.

ex: You could be right. .The negative of could in this is might not.I’m not sure.She’s only 21 herself.only slightly weaker. ex: She couldn’t have a ten year old daughter. Could Could has a similar meaning to might. ex: You might not be right. Couldn’t has a similar meaning to can’t above. Couldn’t is not used to express a future possibility.