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UN Peacekeeping

Panacea or
Predicament?
Post-Cold War Conflict
Threat of nuclear
war is gone
End of Security
Council paralysis
Success in Gulf
War I
Intra-state v.
interstate conflict
Rise of failed states
Optimism
Fades
Somalia
Bosnia
Rwanda
History of UN
Peacekeeping

56 Suez
60 Congo
Classifications of
Peacekeeping
1st Generation
Peace
Monitoring
2nd Generation

Nation Building
3rd Generation

Peace Making
Diehls Criteria for
Success
Organizing
Agency
a. Regional
Organization
b. Well equipped
Timing
a. Ceasefire
b. Peace deal in place
c. Pre-hostilities
Diehls Criteria for
Success
Host State
Consent
Neutrality
Geography
a. Interposition
b. Vulnerability
3rd Party
Cooperation
Mandate/Mission
Other Peacekeeping
Issues
Who Pays? Who
Serves?
A Permanent UN
army?
The right to intervene
in a humanitarian
crisis, The Obligation
to Protect
Security Council
Reform
2nd Generation or Nation
Building
Roland Paris
The Limits of
Liberal
Internationalism
Are Democracy
and Capitalism
the right models
for nation
building?
International
Criminal
Court (ICC)
Case Studies OTP
UNEF Sinai
Bosnia
Cyprus
Somalia
Rwanda
Darfur?
Can We Save
Darfur?....Congo?
Somalia?.......Mali?
The Situation in Darfur
AU Peacekeeping
Force
Security Council
authorization for a UN
Force
280k dead, 3 million
displaced
Muslim v. Christian?
Arab v. African?
Global Climate
Change?
Ceasefire?
Spillover into Chad
China and Sudan
Chinese firms have invested $15 billion since
1996 mostly in the oil industry boosting
Sudanese government revenue
Offsetting US sanctions that have been in
place since 1997
%10 of Chinas oil imports come from Sudan
China has rejected sanctions in the UN
Security Council
Oil revenue has allowed Sudan to wage war
in Darfur
China has built arms factories in Sudan
which have countered the UN arms embargo
Steven Spielberg and the Olympics