# Matter

Volume Mass

Matter
Volume ±
amount of space an object takes up

Mass ±
amount of matter in an object

Volume 

Liquids milliliter (mL) liter (L) 1000 mL = 1 L 

Solids cubic centimeter (cm3) 1 mL = 1 cm3

Volume 

Regular Objects

S1 x S2 x S3 =Volume 

Centimeters (cm)

What will you do if your ruler breaks? Can you still use it?

Volume 

Regular Objects

S1 x S2 x S3 =Volume

Volume 

Regular Objects

S1 x S2 x S3 =Volume 4 cm x 3 cm x 2 cm =

24

3 cm

VOLUME OF LIQUIDS 
Milliliters

(mL) Liters (L)

Eye level 

Lower meniscus

43 mL

Is she reading the volume of the liquid in a correct manner? Why or why not?

20 mL of milk 20 cm3 of copper Which has more volume? They occupy the same amount of space.

Is it possible to have the same volume but different mass?

Iron ball

Styro ball

Volume of IRREGULAR Solids

When an object is submerged (below the surface) in water, the object displaces the amount of water equal to the objects volume. This means that the object pushes the water out of its way. This causes the surface of the water to rise; you have displaced water with your body.

A graduated cylinder is filled with 50 ml of water. After placing a stone in the cylinder, the water level is 63 ml. What is the volume of the stone? Think!  The rock displaces the water±pushes the water out of the way. water±  The amount of water displaced equals the volume of the rock.  The volume of the rock equal the amount the water level rises.  How can the rise of the water level be calculated? Determine the difference between the two water levels.

Water level with the rock = 63 ml Water level without the rock= 50 ml Difference between the two water levels = 63 ml ± 50 ml = 13 ml Answer: The volume of the rock is 13 ml

Mass 

Mass vs. Weight

Mass ± amount of matter in an object Weight ± pull of gravity on an object Grams (g) Kilograms (kg) 1000 g = 1 kg

300 grams of cotton

300 grams of gold

Which has more mass? They have the same mass. mass. Which has more volume? The sack of cotton has more volume. .

Comparing the Mass, Volume and Weight of An Object on Earth and on the Moon

Mass Volume Weight

_____ _____ _____

Mass Volume Weight

Comparing the Mass, Volume and Weight of An Object on Earth and on the Moon

Mass Volume Weight

= _____ _____

Mass Volume Weight

Comparing the Mass, Volume and Weight of An Object on Earth and on the Moon

Mass Volume Weight

= = _____

Mass Volume Weight

Comparing the Mass, Volume and Weight of An Object on Earth and on the Moon

Mass Volume Weight

= = >

Mass Volume Weight

Examples of Non-matter NonFeelings  Shadow  Light  Energy 

STATES OF MATTER
Matter Solid Liquid
No Definite Shape

Gas
No Definite Volume

Definite Definite Shape Volume

PARTICLES

Solid Solid

Liquid

Gas

FLUIDS

To compress matter means... MAKE ITS VOLUME SMALLER Can you compress solid? liquid? gas?

You can compress some solids if you apply force

Is this possible?

500 cm3

250 cm3

You can easily compress gas.

Cream and gels are both solids and liquids.

A

B

50 mL of shampoo

100 mL of shampoo

A

B

50 mL of shampoo

100 mL of shampoo

P60.00

P100.00

Which bottle will give you a better deal for your money? Why?

What does this statement mean?

What are you paying for when you buy«
Water?  Gasoline?  Fruits?  Biscuits? 

Volume Volume Mass Mass

OBSERVATIONS vs. INFERENCES 

Observations something that can be made using the 5 senses Inferences interpretations based on observations 

Observations: It is round. It has a black pentagon design. It has a white hexagon design. It bounces.

Inferences:

Observations: It is round. It has a black pentagon design. It has a white hexagon design. It bounces.

Inferences: It is a toy. It is a soccer ball.

Observations: It is clear. It has no smell. It takes the shape of its container. It flows. It has no taste.

Inferences:

Observations: It is clear. It has no smell. It takes the shape of its container. It flows. It has no taste.

Inferences: It is liquid. It is water.

Identify whether the statement is an Observation or an Inference.
It has red spots. It has yellow on it. It s used to play with. It has no sound. It smells bad. It s squishy. I think it is a bag. The girl is happy The baby used soap.
O O I O O O I I I

One morning, you woke up later than usual and you needed to prepare your chocolate drink. 

We will find out how the TEMPERATURE of water affects the RATE OF DISSOLUTION of chocolate powder in it. 

Temperature - how hot or cold an object is 

Rate of Dissolution - how fast a material dissolves 

Problem: How does the temperature of water affect the rate of dissolution of chocolate powder? Hypothesis: If the water is hot, then the chocolate powder will dissolve faster. 

RESULTS AND OBSERVATIONS
TEMPERATURE OF WATER Warm Water Cold Water APPEARANCE Darker; even color Darker at the bottom, lighter color near the top

CONCLUSION: The hotter the water, the faster the chocolate powder dissolves. 


APPLICATION: One can use hot water to make coffee, milk and other powdered drinks dissolve faster.

SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION
SCIENCE - investigation - finding solutions - process of acquiring knowledge

Review 
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Matter Getting the volume  Regular solid  Irregular solid  Liquids Mass  Solids  Liquids Water cycle Water processes 

Read:  Textbook  Workbook (experiments) Check websites:   

http://www.milleprime.co m.sg/htm/elearning/matt ers/index.html http://www.wischttp://www.wisconline.com/objects/viewo bject.aspx?ID=GCH202