Lesson 2 The Writing Process

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Writer·s Prompt:
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Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world. ` Albert Einstein What is your reaction to this quote? Why do you agree or disagree? Journal your reaction and response.

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Assignments for Next Class
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Read E.B. White·s ´Once More to the Lakeµ on Page 24 in Great Writing (GW)
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Answer questions on page 29
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Meaning and Idea - #4 Language, Form, Structure - #3, #4

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Read Little Brown Handbook (LBH) Chapter One
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Narrow the following subjects to manageable essays:
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The Civil War Teenage Drinking The History of the Cell Phone Environmentalism

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Review of Last Assignment

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What ideas did you generate? How would you describe the writer·s process?
1) 2) 3)

Planning and Shaping Drafting Revising and Editing

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

The Writing Process

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Writing as a process ² an overview
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Think of writing as a process: a set of activities you go through to produce a finished product. This process has three distinct stages:
1) 2) 3)

Planning and Shaping Drafting Revising and Editing

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Planning and Shaping
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Find a focus that fits your purpose and audience before you start. Gather ideas:
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Keep a journal. Brainstorm or jot down lists of ideas. Free writing - let your mind go. Mind mapping / idea trees. 5 Ws - (Who, What, When,Where, and Why) Outlining

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Drafting

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Getting your ideas into visible form:
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Prioritize your ideas. Write complete sentences. Divide text into paragraphs. Organize paragraphs into Introduction, Body and Close.

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Revising and Editing
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Large-scale changes: adding text, cutting, replacing words/phrases, rearranging parts. Editing: checking the correctness of grammar, spelling, punctuation and mechanics. Proofreading: are there any typos?

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Summing up: The Writing Process
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Think about your subject before you begin to write Use prewriting ² the stages of thinking and writing in advance of the draft ² to sharpen your tentative thoughts on a topic Prewriting may include jotting ideas, producing a list of questions, using free association, or making a rough outline.

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Summing up: The Writing Process
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Consider what others think or have thought about your subject: Read what others have written; talk to friends; review a film Share your draft with readers you trust As you revise, slash foggy thinking, cut imprecise words, and trim wordy sentences

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Summing up: The Writing Process
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Observe unity and coherence as you write. Unity means that each idea relates to your main point and the other ideas. Coherence means that one idea leads smoothly and logically to the text.

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Summing up: The Writing Process
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Produce a thesis that states your main point and your attitude or opinion toward it. Transitions, repetitions, and a constant focus on your thesis help you achieve unity and coherence Invent an introduction that draws the reader·s attention to the topic Produce a conclusion that goes beyond the mere restatement of your thesis

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Grant Wood·s American Gothic

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

American Gothic ² A Writing Process Exercise
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Look carefully at the picture provided of American Gothic, the famous painting by artist Grant Wood (18921942). Notice the details and mood of the composition.

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

American Gothic ² A Writing Process Exercise

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Prepare to use the three process steps to write about the painting:

Planning and Shaping ` Drafting ` Revising and Editing
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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Planning and Shaping
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Use single words or phrases to describe the following aspects of the painting:
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Background/ sky/ house/ shed People/ facial expressions/ hair/ eyes/ pitchfork/ hand How are the people similar? Different? What is their relationship to each other?

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List your thoughts now

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Planning and Shaping
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Review your list of details. Answer this question in a single complete sentence:

` What
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central impression do the details seem to convey?

Write this sentence now

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Drafting

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Write your sentence out at the top of a new sheet of paper. Write a draft of a paragraph or two supporting your sentence. Include as many details from your list as you can.

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Revising
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DETAIL:
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How have the details you mentioned help create the central impression of the painting?

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ORGANIZATION:
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Is your paragraph organized? Coherent? Does it support your core sentence?

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WORD CHOICE:
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Are your words precise? Replace any fuzzy words with more precise ones.

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Revise your paragraph now.

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Editing 

Review your paragraph for correctness of sentence structure, grammar, spelling and punctuation. Make any necessary changes. Edit your paragraph now. 



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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

Share your finished product

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

American Gothic Parodies

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

The Writing Process Wonder, think about an idea or subject to write
about Refine the idea and narrow the subject

Initiate the first draft Time goes by as you set the writing aside Edit your writing for the final draft Release your creation to the waiting world
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Composition 1 - The Writing Process

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