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KINGFISHER

INTERNATIONAL
ACADEMY
GROUP 1
Chapter I: HISTORICAL
DEVELOPMENT OF
MEASUREMENT AND
EVALUATION
Slide Title
Topic I: Development of Intelligence
Tests

Topic II: Development of


Achievement Tests
Development of Intelligence Tests

Intelligence test was developed in


Germany, England, France and
America.
GERMANY AND EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY

Wilhelm Wundt

- Often referred to as the


"Father of Experimental
Psychology" and the "Founder
of Modern Psychology"

(1832-1920)
German Philosopher &
Psychologist
Hermann Ebbinghaus

- He pioneered the
experimental study
of memory

(1850-1909)
German Psychologist
Study Habit

Exam tomorrow VS Everyday


Review
William Stern

-He pioneered the


differential psychology. He
dealt with differences
among individuals in
various psychological traits.
(1871-1938)
Psychologist
Stern's general definition of intelligence
was "a general capacity of an individual
consciously to adjust his thinking to new
requirements, a general mental
adaptability to new problems and
conditions of life."
mental age. the level of
nativementalability or capacity of an
individual, usually as determined by an
intelligence test, in relation to the
chronologicalageof the average
individual at this level.
Chronological ageis a measure of an
individual'sagebased on the calendar
date on which he or she was
born.Chronological ageis calculated on
most psychological tests. It is measured
in days, months and years.
ENGLAND AND STATISTICAL
METHODS

Francis Galton
-Galton is recognized as the
"father of behavioral
genetics"

-In 1885, He published a


paper called Regression
towards mediocrity in
heredity stature.
(1822-1911)
English Scientist and British
psychologist
Karl Pearson, Galtons Student &
Carl Spearmen

- PEARSON EXTENDED GALTONS


IDEAS OF REGRESSION &
DEVELOPED THE METHODS OF
CORRELATION

- "PEARSON PRODUCT-MOMENT
COEFFICEINT OF CORRELATION "

- SPEARMAN-BROWN FORMULA
USED TO DETERMINE THE
RELIABILITY OF THE WHOLE TEST
IN SPLIT-HALF METHOD
FRANCE AND ABNORMAL
PSYCHOLOGY

Jean Etienne Esquirol

- DISTINGUISHED
LEVELS OF IMBECILITY
AND IDIOCY BY THE
INDIVIDUALS USE
LANGUAGE
- POINTED OUT THE
INDIVIDUAL USE OF
LANGUAGE PROVIDED THE
MOST DEPENDABLE
CRITERION FOR GAUGING
THE INTELLIGENCE LEVELS
.
(1772 - 1840)
French Psychiatrist
PEABODY VOCUBALARY

STANFORD-BINET
TEST
Edouard Seguin
- He published "Idiocy: and its
Treatment by the Physiological
Method"; a book in which he
described the methods used at
the "Sguin Physiological School"
-inHe
Newbecame the first president of
York City
the "Association of Medical
Officers of American Institutions
for Idiotic and Feebleminded
Persons", an organization that
would later be known as the
American Association on Mental R
(1812 - 1880)
etardation
.
French Physician
Example of his work is the Seguin
form-board test
Alfred Binet

- His test were


used to
measure
human ability,
personality,
characteristics,
attitudes,
interest, and
many other
(1857- 1911) aspects of
behavior.
French Psychophysicist
- this is one of
the sample of
Binet-Simon
Intelligence
test
-Binet and Simon devised the first
intelligence scale which marked the
appearance of the scale for
measurement of intelligence.
-This test was brought to the united
states particularly at Stanford
University. The Stanford-Binet or
Stanford Revision was published
which made use of the intelligence
qoutient (IQ) for the first time.
AMERICA AND APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY

James Mckeen Cattell

- Known as the Father of Mental Test

- He was the first to use the term


Mental Test

(1860-1944)
Psychologist, Publisher, and
Editor
Dr. Eduard L. Thorndike

- Father of educational
measurement

(1910-1990)
American Educator
Lewis Madison Terman

-Terman published a revised and


perfected Binet-Simon scale for
American populations. This "Stanford
Revision of the Binet-Simon Scale,"
soon became known as the "Stanford-
Binet", and was by far the best
available individual intelligence test.

(1877-1956)
Cognitive Psychologist
David Wechsler
-In 1939, he published the wechsler
adult intelligence scale (WAIS)
applicable to adults from 16-75 years
old.
-another intelligence scale that
wechsler published in 1939 was the
wechsler intelligence scale for
children (WISC) adaptation of WAIS
use with children from 5 to 15 years
old.
-This scales is widely used to measure
of verbal and non-verbal intelligence.
(1896-1981)
Psychologist
Raymond Cattell (1950)
- Published the
culture free or
culture fair
intelligence test.

- Second edition of
the said test has
two forms. Forms
A and B. Each
forms has 50
items.
Safran (1960)

Safran Culture-Reduced Intelligence


Test (SCRIT)

This test consists of 36 items applicable


to children from 7-12 years of age. 35
and above - intellectual advance 24-34
- above average 18-23 - average 18
below - intellectually retarded
Development of
Achievement
Test

Horace Mann

- In 1845, he
influence the
introduction of
written
examination to
the schools in
Boston due to the
disadvantages of
the oral
examination.
Rev. George Fisher
- An English schoolmaster
devised and utilized the first
objective measures of
achievement in 1864.
- His scale book for
measuring the learners
achievement in school subject
was the predecessors of the
modern day proficiency scale.
- 1894 he administered a list of
spelling words and
subsequently used these test in
other areas to measure
differences between groups of
learners who were taught
differently.
Cliff W.
Stone (1908)

- published the first


standardized
achievement test in
Arithmetic, (Stone
Arithmetic Test).
1909- Dr. Eduard Lee Thorndike,
Stones teacher and awarded as
Father of Educational Measurement,
develop the first handwriting scales
Ralph W. Tyler

-Worked in the field of


assessment and
evaluation
- He has been called by some
as "the father of educational
evaluation and assessment".

(19021994)
American Educator
1920 an informal objective test
was developed. 1924 - William A.
McCall, published his pioneer book
dealing with test adaptation
1931 evaluative tests and
techniques were developed.
1942 Arthur I. Gates, published
the Gates Basic Reading Test for
Grade III-VIII.
1944 evaluative instrument were developed.
1945 mental and educational tests.
1953 Stanford Achievement Test in Reading for
primary grades was published.
1954 Stanford Achievement Test in Reading for
elementary grades was published.
1955- Stanford Achievement Test in Reading for
intermediate grades was published. (paragraph
meaning and word meaning)
1964 Gates Reading Tests, consist of
vocabulary and comprehension tests were
published.
History of
Measurement and
Evaluation in the
Philippines
Clemente, Martinez and
Uichanco
Outlined the development of testing in the
Philippines in four periods.
In the first period before 1988
It was characterized by oral and
performance tests where there was little
recognition on Individual's differences
Second period (1898-1900)(1901-
1925)
Was characterized by uniform final
examinations throughout the country. The
first standardized tests adapted in the
Philippines was the Philippine Vocabulary
Test in 1924
Third Period (1926-1956)
Marked the abolition of the common final
prepared in the General Office each
school, decentralization off the final
achievement test was adapted; and
number of certain national schools was
initiated.
In, 1950, giving competitive examinations
for selection of elementary grades
teachers took place.
Fourth period (1957-1963)
Was toward personality development and
evaluation not only in schools but in
business and industrial corporations in
1957.
In early 1970
The abolition off the competitive
examinations for selection of Elementary
grades and secondary school teachers
dye to the series of Teacher Examinations
given by the Civil Service Communication
in 1965,1967,1969,1972, and 1976.
April 23, 1998
The first Professional Board Examination
for teachers s been administered pursuant
to Presidential Decree No. 1006,
professionalizing the teachers.
November 1995
Was the last PBET administration.
Professional Licensure
Examination for Teachers (PLET)
Given by the professional Regulation
Commission (PRC) was the successor of
PBET by virtue of Republic Act 7836 know
as PROFESSIONAL TEACHERS
PROFESSIONALIZATION ACT OF 1994.
August 24 &25,1996
Was the first administration of PLET.

August 23 & 24,1997


Was the second administration.

August 31, 2006


Was the eighth administration.
November 25, 1975
The first National College Entrance
Examination (NCEE) was administered to
al high school graduates by the
Department of Education, Culture and
Sports (DECS) pursuant Decree No. 146.
SY 1974-1975 to 1993-1994
All first year college applicants
should meet NCEE cut-off score to
qualify them to enroll in a
baccalaureate course in any public
and private institutions of higher
learning
September 2, 1993
Was the last administration of NCEE.

May 21, 1993


NSAT ( National Secondary Assessment Test) is the
successor of NCEE per DECS Order No. 31, s.
1993.

September 1994
The first administration of NSAT. In 2003, NSAT
was discontinue.
August 31, 1993
NEAT (National Elementary Achievement
Test) for all Grade VI pupils was administer
pursuant to DECS Order No. 30,s. 1993
dated May 20,1993.

February 2003
Was the first administration of NAT.
The Development of
Character and Personality
Measurement
Fernald
In 1912 he was the first to measure
character by tests.

Voelker
In 1921 he invented some actual
situations for testing character.
Symonds
In 1921 he publish his book entitled
"Diagnosing Personality and Conduct". The
most famous scale for measuring
personality traits was the Scott-man-to-
man scale published during the first World
War.
Herman Rorschach
In 1921 he introduced a multi-
dimensional test personality known as
RORSCHACH TEST.

RORSCHACH TEST
This test consists of a series of 10 ink blots
used as projective techniques to appraise
the global aspects of personality
Guilford and Zimmerman
In 1953 they conducted a survey to
determine a comprehensive picture of an
individual's personality. This device known
as GZTS or Guilford-Zimmerman
Temperant Survey.
Porter and Catteil
Published the CPQ or Children's Personality
Questionnaire which aimed to measure the
dimensions of personality of children ages
8-12 years old from the general
personality sphere