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DESIGN METHODS &

APPLICATIONS

WEEK 10
Design of Machine Elements
(Design Accelerator: Key & Keyway)

PowerPoint Slides
Lecturer
Nur Hasalli Binti Hj Ibrahim

Last Updated:May 6, 2017 1


Chapter Overview

Chapter 10 introduced you to the integration of


design of machine elements with CAD system.
You will manage various commands from ribbon
or toolbar for design accelerator.
You will manage interaction between design
accelerator with content center.
You will learn the major machine elements used
in the industry now.
You will control the basic manual calculation for
every machine elements with design accelerator
of CAD system.

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Learning Objectives

Describe why the use of graphics is an effective


means of communicating when designing.
Understand basic major machine elements.
Understand the process to calculate basic major
machine elements manually.
Understand the commands for design accelerator
for basic major machine elements.
Compare manual calculation and design
accelerator for basic major machine elements.

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Learning Outcomes

Students are required to understand the definition of


engineering design.
Students are able to differentiate functionality of AutoCAD
with Autodesk Inventor.
Students are able to create basic major machine
elements (shaft, gear, spring, bearing, etc).
Students are able to obtain 3D models of basic major
machine elements automatically by using design
accelerator.
Students are able to calculate basic major machine
elements manually and compare it with design
accelerator.
Students will understand the importance of learning CAD
system to create or improve their product design.

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Design Accelerator

Getting Started with Design Accelerator Environment

Application Menu

Ribbon (Fasten, power


transmission, frame, spring,
etc.)

XY (Top), XZ (Front), and YZ


(Side)

Parts & Assemblies History


Browser

Close the file here

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Key & Keyway Selection

Types of Key & Keyway:

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Key & Keyway Selection

Parallel Key & Keyway:

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Key & Keyway Selection

Taper Key & Keyway:

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Key & Keyway Selection

Wooddruff Key & Keyway:

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Key & Keyway: Layout

Key & Keyway Dimension:

Figure 2: Forces acting on key


a) Shearing failure b) Crushing
failure

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Strength of Key & Keyway: Force and Stress
Analysis

Force acting on key:


T
F
r

Shear stress from A to B:


F T

bl rbl

Crushing area at AC or BD:


h
AC BD
2

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Strength of Shaft: Force and Stress Analysis

Crashing stress:
2 F 2T
c
hl rhl

Nature of load:
Nature of Load Reserve Factor (RF)
Smooth Load 1.5

Minor Shock Load 2 2.25

Severe Shock Load 2.25 4.5

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Material Selection: Key

Common Key Material:

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Material Selection: Key

Common Key Material:

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Key & Keyway: Example

A 45 mm diameter rice thresher shaft is made of steel with a


yield strength of 400 MPa. A parallel key of size 14 mm width and
9 mm thickness made of steel with a yield strength is to be used.
Find the required strength of key, if the shaft is loaded to
transmit the maximum permissible torque. Use a factor of safety
of 2.

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Key: Solution

Find max. shear stress for shaft:


S yt 400
Sa 100 N / mm 2
2 FS 2 2
Find max. shear stress for key:
S yt 340
Sa 85 N / mm 2
2 FS 2 2
Find max. torque transmitted by shaft and key:

Tmax S a d 3 100 453 1.8 10 6 N mm
16 16

Find max. torque transmitted if failure of key due to shearing:


d
Tmax blS a l 14 85 22.5 26775l
2
1.8 106 26775l
l 67.2mm
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Key: Solution

Find max. torque transmitted if failure of key due to crushing:


d 9 340
Tmax blS c l 22.5 172131l
2 2 2
1.8 10 6 172131l
l 104.6mm

Compare the shearing and crushing, the length of key should be


104.6 mm.

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Key & Keyway: Inventor Design
Accelerator

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Hollow Shaft: Inventor Design Accelerator

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References

Joseph E. Shigley & Charles R. Mischke,


Mechanical Engineering Design, 8th Edition,
McGraw-Hill, 2006
Swift K. G. & Booker J. D., Process selection:
from design to manufacture, Arnold, London,
1997.
Corbett J., Dooner M. & Meleka J., Design for
manufacture: strategies principles and
techniques, Addison Wesley, 1991.
James M. Kirkpartick., AutoCAD; Drawing,
Modelling and Applications, Pearson, 2007

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