ROM

‡ The ROM chips have programs permanently stored ‡ For i/o drive and boot strap for the system ‡ Beginning a the address OFFFFO. ‡ It is BIOS ‡ AT motherboard ‡ 27128*2=32B ‡ 27265*2=64B

RAM
SIMM & DIMM

SIMM & DIMM
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Single in line memory module Using DIP memory chips or 4Mb ram using in SIMM 80286 cpu on the AT mother board is configured. 7 DMA channels.

‡ DDR2
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ PC2-3200 = 400 MHz data & strobe / 200 MHz clock for address and control PC2-4200 = 533 MHz data & strobe / 266 MHz clock for address and control PC2-5300 = 667 MHz data & strobe / 333 MHz clock for address and control PC2-6400 = 800 MHz data & strobe / 400 MHz clock for address and control PC2-8000 = 1000 MHz data & strobe / 500 MHz clock for address and control PC2-8500 = 1066 MHz data & strobe / 533 MHz clock for address and control PC2-9600 = 1200 MHz data & strobe / 600 MHz clock for address and control

PROCESSOR
‡ 80486 DX2 ceramic PGA package. ‡ Pga pin grid array.

SOCKET 1
‡ Introduce 1989 16-50 Mhz ‡ Socket 1 was the second of a series of standard sockets created by Intel. ‡ various x86 microprocessors were plugged. ‡ Socket 1 was a 169 pin. ‡ PGA socket.

SOCKET 2
‡ Socket 2 was one of the series of sockets into which various x86 microprocessors were plugged. It was a 238-pin. pins arranged in a 19 by 19 grid. 63 or 83 MHz Pentium OverDrive processors.

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SOCKET 3
‡ It was commonly found alongside a secondary socket designed for a math coprocessor chip, in this case the 487. Socket 3 resulted from Intel's creation of lower voltage microprocessors. An upgrade to Socket 2, it rearranged the pin layout and omitted one pin so that 3.3 V processors could not be plugged into older 5 V only sockets. Socket 3 was a 237-pin. INTRODUCE 1991.

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SOCKET 4
‡ Socket 4, presented in 1993, was the first CPU socket designed for the early Pentium processors Socket 4 was the only 5-volt socket for the Pentium. After Socket 4, Intel switched to the 3.3-volt-powered Socket 5. Socket 4 does support a special Pentium OverDrive, which allows running at 120 MHz (for the 60 MHz Pentium) or 133 MHz (for the 66 MHz Pentium).[1] 273 PINS PENTIUM PROCESSOR USED.

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SOCKET 5
‡ Socket 5 was created for the second generation of Intel Pentium processors operating at speeds from 75 to 133 MHz as well as certain Pentium OverDrive and Pentium MMX processors with core voltage 3.3 V 320 pins, this was the first socket to use a staggered pin grid array(PGA). Socket 5 was replaced by Socket 7. 50-66Mhz bus speed. Processors: Intel Pentium, MMX AMD K5 IDT WinChip C6 IDT WinChip 2

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SOCKET 6
‡ 235 pin ‡ Bus speed 25MHz 33MHz 40MHz.

SOCKET 7
‡ ‡ socket on a personal computer motherboard. The socket supersedes the earlier Socket 5, and accepts Pentium microprocessors manufactured by Intel, as well as compatibles made by Cyrix/IBM, AMD, IDT and others. Introduce 1994 50-66 Mhz speed bus. Pin 321.

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SUPER SOCKET 7
‡ It allow AMD processor s only. ‡ Introduce 1998. ‡ 66-100 Mhz bus speed. ‡ Pin 321

SOCKET 8
‡ ‡ Socket 8 has a unique rectangular socket with 387 pins. It supports a FSB speeds ranging from 60 to 66 MHz, a voltage from 3.1 or 3.3V, and support for the Pentium Pro and the Pentium II OverDrive CPUs. Socket 8 also has a unique pin arrangement pattern. Intel pentium pro.

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SLOT--1
‡

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‡ ‡

With the introduction of the Pentium II CPU, the transition from socket to slot had become necessary, because the CPU's core and the cache are two different chips on a shared circuit board. Pin 242. Slot type. Celeron (Covington, Mendocino) Pentium II (Klamath) Pentium III (Katmai)- all versions Pentium III (coppermine). 66-133 mhz. Introduce 1997.

SLOT--2
‡ INTRODUCE 1998. ‡ INTEL PENTIUM XEON PROCESSOR. ‡ PIN 330. ‡ 100-133 MHZ.

SLOT - A
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ INTRODUCE 1999. AMD ATHLON. SLOT TYPE. 242 PINS. 100 MHZ. Advanced Micro Devices

SOCKET 370
‡ Introduce 1999. ‡ Pentium 3 ‡ Celeron, Via cyrix 3, Via c3 ‡ 1.27MM PIN SIZE. ‡ 66-133 mhz.

Socket A / socket 462
‡ ‡ Introduce in 2000. Processor : AMD Athlon AMD Duron AMD Athlon XP AMD Athlon XP-M AMD Athlon MP AMD Sempron. 462 pins. 400 MT/s (megatransfers/second) fsb in the later models.

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Socket 423
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Introduce 2000. Designed for P4. Pins 423 Pin 1mm dia 400 MT/s.

SOCKET 478
‡ Introduce 2000. ‡ Processor : Intel Pentium 4 Intel Celeron Intel Pentium 4 EE Intel Pentium M. ‡ Pin 478. ‡ 1.277mm. ‡ Speed 400-800 MT/s (100-200 MHz)

SOCKET 495
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Introduce in 2000 Intel celeron 1.27mm pin die It is also PGA Mhz not available

PAC 418
Introduce in 2001 They have 418 pin 133 Mhz bus speed Socket PAC418 was introduced with Intel's first generation Itanium in 2001 ‡ 1.1 to 1.18V ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

SOCKET 603
‡ Socket 603 processors range from 1.4 GHz to 3 GHz ‡ however, some socket 604 processors are now being manufactured with the addition of an L3 cache up to 16 MB ‡ Intruduce 2001 ‡ 1.27mm ‡ Bus speed 400-533 MT/s (100-133 MHz)

Socket 604
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Introduce in 2002 Intel xeon processor 604 pin s 1.2mm pitch 400-1066 MT/s (100-266 MHz) Intel chip set used Intel E7500 Intel E7501 Intel E7205 Intel E7320 Intel E7520 Intel E7525

SOCKET 754
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Introduce in 2003 Processor s : AMD Athlon 64 AMD Sempron AMD Turion 64 754 pins 1.27mm pitch 200-800 MHz Socket 754 in the mobile CPU segment through its support for dual core CPUs and DDR2 SDRAM .8 to 1.55 V The first processors using Socket 754 came on the market in the second half of 2003. Socket 754 was gradually phased out in favor of Socket AM2 in desktops, released on May 23, 2006, and Socket S1 in laptops.

SOCKET 940
‡ Socket 940 is a 940-pin socket for 64-bit AMD server processors ‡ This socket is entirely square in shape and pins are arranged in a grid with the exception of four key pins used to align the processor and the corners ‡ There is a new 940-pin socket called AM2 ‡ 2003 introduce ‡ 200-1000 MHz

Socket 479
‡ 2003 Introduction ‡ Intel Pentium M Intel Celeron M ‡ 400-533 MT/s (100133 MHz)

Socket 939
‡ ‡ ‡
Socket 939 processors and motherboards became available in June 2004, Introduce in 11/2008 Processor s : AMD Athlon 64 AMD Athlon 64 FX AMD Athlon 64 X2 AMD Opteron 1.2mm 200-1000 MHz Support of Athlon 64 FX to 1 GHz Support of Opteron limited to 100-series only It supports dual channel DDR SDRAM memory, with 6.4 GB/s memory bandwidth. Socket 939 processors support 3DNow!, SSE2, and SSE3 (revision E or later) instruction sets. It has one HyperTransport link of 16 bit width that can run as fast as 2000 MT/s. In regards to video expansion slots, Socket 939 systems can be found with both AGP slots and PCI-E x16 slots as well. Processors using this socket have 64KB each Level 1 instruction and data caches, and either 256KB, 512KB or 1 MB Level 2 cache.

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LGA 775 / SOCKET T
‡ ‡ Introduce 2004 Processor s : Intel Pentium 4 Intel Pentium D Intel Celeron Intel Celeron D Intel Pentium XE Intel Core 2 Duo Intel Core 2 Quad Intel Xeon LGA not pga LGA Land array grid it has 775 protruding pins which touch contact points on the underside of the processor Heat reduce The transition to the LGA packaging has lowered those load limits, which are smaller than the load limits of Socket 478 processors but they are bigger than Socket 370, Socket 423 and Socket A processors, which were fragile. They are large enough to ensure that processors will not crack. 1600 MHz 775 pins Processor dimension 1.47 × 1.47 inches, 1.09mm x 1.17mm Frequency : 533 MT/s, 800 MT/s, 1066 MT/s, 1333 MT/s, 1600 MT/s

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SOCKET 563
‡ ‡ Processor AMD Athlon XP-M Socket 563 is a microPGA CPU socket used exclusively for low-power (16 W and 25 W TDP) Athlon XP-M processors (Models 8 & 10. This socket can usually be found in laptops and requires a low-power mobile part in a special 563-pin µPGA package which is different from the Socket A (462 pin) package used for other Athlon processors. There are desktop computer motherboards equipped with Socket 563. PCChips is known to have marketed such a board, the M863G Ver3 (actually made by ECS), bundled with a socket 563 processor and a heatsink.

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SOCKET M
‡ ‡ Introduce in 2006 Processor : Intel Core Solo Intel Core Duo Intel Dual-Core Xeon Intel Core 2 Duo. It have a 478 pins 533 - 667 MT/s (133-166 MHz) For notebook platform Replaces Socket 479. Socket M is not pin-compatible with the older desktop Socket 478 or the newer mobile Socket P; it is also incompatible with most versions of the older mobile Socket 479. Pentium III-M processors designed for the first version of Socket 479 will physically fit into a Socket M, but are electrically incompatible with it

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LGA 771 / SOCKET J
‡ 2006 ‡ Processor Intel xeon, Intel DualCore Xeon E/X/L 5xxx Intel QuadCore Xeon E/X/L 5xxx ‡ Intel Core 2 Extreme QX9775 ‡ LGA ‡ 1.09mm x 1.17mm ‡ 1600 MHz ‡ Voltage varies. ‡ It is also used for the Core 2 Extreme QX9775 ‡ The "J" in "Socket J" refers to the now-canceled processor codenamed "Jayhawk", which was expected to debut alongside this interface

SOCKET S1
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

Pin 638 2006 introduce AMD Turion 64 X2 200-800 MHz Socket S1 CPUs typically include support for dualchannel DDR2 SDRAM, dual-core mobile CPUs, and virtualization technology, to compete with the mobile Intel Core 2 processor series.

SOCKET AM2
‡ 2006 Introduce. ‡ Multiple sockets have been announced which are in theory pin-compatible with socket AM2, but which differ in terms of features ‡ Socket AM2+, Socket AM3 ‡ AM2 processors are incompatible with 939 motherboards and vice versa, and although it has 940 pins ‡ it is incompatible with Socket 940 ‡ Socket AM2 supports DDR2 SDRAM memory but not DDR memory ‡ 7% faster

SOCKET P
‡ Its FSB can run at 400, 533, 667, 800, or 1066 MT/s, and it can be throttled up or down to save power, given that all Socket M CPUs support EIST. Socket P has 478 pins, but is not pincompatible with Socket M or Socket 478. Socket P is also known as a 478pin Micro FCPGA or FCPGA-478. It launched on May 9, 2007 Processor : Intel Core 2 Duo (T5xx0, T6xx0, T7xx0, T8x00, T9xx0) Intel Core 2 Quad (Q9x00) Intel Celeron M Intel Pentium Dual-Core (T23x0, T2410, T3x00, T4x00). 2007 Intel Core 2 478

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