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PSIKOFARMAKOLOGI

Macam Psikofarmaka
Anti Anti
Anti Mania
Psikotik Depresi

Anti Anti Anti Obsesif


Anxietas Insomnia Kompulsif

Anti
Anti panik
hiperkinetik
Anti Psikotik
Mekanisme Kerja Obat

Menghambat reseptor dopamin 2

menghambat reseptor serotonin 5HT2

Tipikal Atipikal

Chlorpromazine Sulpride
Thioridazine Clozapine
Haloperidol Qoetiapine
pimozide Olanzapine
Risperidone
Aripirazole
N Nama Generik Nama Dag deang Sediaan Dosis Anjuran
o
1 Chlorpromazine Chlorpomazine (indofarma) Tab 25-100 mg 300-1000 mg/h
Cepezet (mersifarma) Tab 100 mg 50-100 mg (im) setiap 4-6 jam
Amp 50 mg/2cc
2 Haloperidol Haloperidol (indofarma) Tab 0,5-1,5 mg 5-20 mg/h
Dores (pyridam) 5 mg
Cap 5 mg
Lodomer (Mersifarma) Tab 1,5 mg
Haldol Deconoas Tab 2-5 mg
(Janssen) Amp 5 mg/cc 5-10 mg(IM)
Amp 50 mg/cc 50 mg (IM) setiap 2-4 mg
3 Risperidone Risperidone OGB (mersifarma) Tab 1,2-3 mg 2-6 mg/h
Risperidal (Janssen) Tab 1,2-3 mg
Neripros (Pharos) Tab 1,2-3 mg
Tetes 1 mg/ml
4 Olanzapine Zyprexa (Eli lyli) Tab 5-10 mg 10-30 mg/h
Remital (Pharos) Tab 5-10 mg
Olandoz (Sandoz) Tab 5-10 mg
5 Ariprazone Abilify (Otsuka) Tab 5-10 mg 10-30 mg/h
Vial 9,75 mg/1,3 cc 7,50mg/ml
Tetes 1 mg/ml
6 Clozapine Clozaril (Novartis) Tab 25-100 mg 150-600 mg/h
Clopine ( Ikapharmindo) Tab 25-100 mg
Clorilex (Mersifarma) Tab 25-100 mg
Luften (Pharos) Tab 25-100 mg
7 Flupenzine Sikzonoate Vial 25 mg/cc 12,5-25 mg (IM) setiap 2-4 mg
deconate
Efek Samping Anti Psikotik
Gangguan Gerak

Trihexyphenidil
Parkinsonisme Diphenhydramyn
Benzkopin

Anti cholinergic
Diplehydramin
Dystonia Akut Caffein sodium benzoate
Benzkopin

Kurangi dosis
Akathisia akut Ganti obat anti psikostik

Kurangi dosis, atau ganti obat


Lithium
Tardive Dyskenia Carbamazepine
Benzodiazepine
Anti Depresi
Selective
Selective
Serotonin Mono-Amine-
Norepinephrin
Tricyclic Tetracyclic Re-Uptake Oxydase
e Re-Uptake
Inhibitor Inhibitor
Inhibitor
(SSRI)

Sertraline
Amitriptyli
Maprotiline Venlafaxine
ne
Paroxetine
Moclobemide

Fluoxetine
Imipramine Mianserin Duloxetine
Citalopram
Anti Ansietas
Non-
Benzodiazepine
Benzodiazepin
Diazepam Buspiron
Chlordiazepoxid Sulpiride
e Hydroxyzine
Bromazepam
Lorazepam
Alprazolam
Clobazam
Gangguan Bipolar
Terim
a Kasih