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# Viscosity Referral

## using ASTM D341

Viscosity Referral of Hydrocarbon
Liquids
The 7950/7951 Signal Converters offer 3
methods of viscosity referral:-
4 x 5 Referral Matrix. This operates in the same way at
the density referral matrix. It is suitable for
Hydrocarbon and non-hydrocarbon liquids
Single ASTM D341 referral curve. This is not used very
extensively as it is only suitable for when a single
liquid is being measured
Multi-curve ASTM D341. This is the most widely used
option as multiple products can be measured.
ASTM D341
The Kinematic viscosity-temperature charts
covered by this standard are a convenient means
to ascertain the Kinematic viscosity of a
petroleum oil or liquid hydrocarbon at any
temperature within a limited range, provided that
the Kinematic viscosities at two temperatures are
known
The charts have been simplified into an equation
(see next slide).
Ideal for use with our 7827 viscometers as we
can measure on-line Kinematic viscosity.
Temperature Vs. Kinematic Viscosity:
ASTM D341
400.00

350.00
Kin em atic V isco sity cst

300.00

250.00
log.log (v + 0.7) = A-
BlogT
200.00

150.00

100.00
v = kinematic viscosity; cst
50.00 T = temperature deg Kelvin
0.00
50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150
Temperature deg C
Using ASTM D341
log.log (v + 0.7) = A-BlogT
Two process variables
kinematic viscosity (cst)
temperature (OK)
Two constants A & B
Therefore with two sets of calibration data.... A&B
can be found
Calculations

## log.log (v + 0.7) = A-BlogT........(i)

let v = 128.58cst at 40 OC
log.log (129.28) = A-Blog(313).............(ii)
let v = 15.00 cst at 100 OC
log.log (15.70) = A-Blog(373)...............(iii)
(ii) - (iii) and solve for B: B=3.24
substitute B in (ii) and solve for A
log.log (15.70) = A-3.24log(373).............(iv)
Calculating Base Viscosity

## Now substitute A and B in (i)

log.log (v + 0.7) = 8.41-3.24logT........(v)
and now:
enter the temperature of interest in T, e.g. 50
OC, the base temperature

find v
log.log (v + 0.7) = 8.41-3.24log(323)
v = 80.0cst at 50 OC
Multi-curve Method

## For products where quality changes dramatically

For multiple products
Combines ASTM equation with ratio technique
Ideal for bunker monitoring and blending control
Heavy Fuel Oils
1000

900

800
Calibration Curves
700

## 600 Product Curve

Viscosity

500

400

300

200

100

0
40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140

Temperature
Determining Base Viscosity
The viscosity at
1000
the base
temperature

## Find the Ratio of calibration

a curve viscosities at theat
Logarithmic scale

Viscosity measured
b process
processtemperature
temperatureto the
measured value
Find the calibration curve
100 viscosities at the base
temperature and then apply
the ratios to find the a
viscosity for the process
b
curve

10
40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140
Multi-curve Method