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B. ARCH. SEMESTER – VIII NAR – 806, ADVANCED SERVICES

OBJECTIVES :

To develop an understanding of the advanced building services and their application in the design proposals of buildings of slight complex nature such as multistoried.

The thrust shall

be on understanding the use and

application of the services.

What are Advance Services ?

Advanced Building services engineering, technical building services, architectural engineering, building engineering, or facilities and services planning engineering refers to the implementation of the engineering for the internal and external environment and environmental impact of a building.

Gas Installation

Automated Parking SystemMechanical Ventilation

What are Advance Services ? Advanced Building services engineering, technical building services , architectural engineering ,
What are Advance Services ? Advanced Building services engineering, technical building services , architectural engineering ,
What are Advance Services ? Advanced Building services engineering, technical building services , architectural engineering ,

aste Treatment & Management

Integrated Building Management Syst

aste Treatment & Management Integrated Building Management Syst Control Control Room Room
aste Treatment & Management Integrated Building Management Syst Control Control Room Room
Control Control Room Room
Control
Control Room
Room

What is Gas ?

Gas

is

one of

the

four fundamental states of matter

(the others being solid, liquid, and plasma). A pure gas may be made up of individual atoms (e.g. a noble gas like neon), elemental molecules made from one type of atom (e.g. oxygen), or compound molecules made from a variety of atoms (e.g. carbon dioxide). A gas mixture would contain a variety of pure gases much like the air. What distinguishes a gas from liquids and solids is the vast separation of the individual gas particles. This separation usually makes a colorless gas invisible to the human observer.

LPG

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (also called Auto gas) consists mainly of propane, propylene, butane, and butylene in various mixtures. It is produced as a by- product of natural gas processing and petroleum refining. The components of LPG are gases at normal temperatures and pressures.

LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas (also called Auto gas) consists mainly of propane, propylene, butane, and butylene

WHAT IS BIOGAS?

Biogas is produced by processing residual waste from livestock

(dung, manure and uneaten food), food production (fruit and

vegetable waste, residues from meat, fish and dairy processing,

brewery waste, food waste and much more) and effluents from

industrial as well as municipal wastewater treatment plants. By

constructing biogas power plants, agriculture assumes an

important contribution to supplying energy from renewable

WHAT IS BIOGAS? Biogas is produced by processing residual waste from livestock (dung, manure and uneaten

resources as well as to the disposal of organic wastes. Digestates

are produced as a by-product of biogas manufacturing, which can

A

combined

heat

and

power

plant

in turn be used as high-quality digestate.

(CHP) with a generator transforms the

methane gas into power and heat.

Biogas is completely environmentally

friendly and CO 2 -neutral. The

production process only generates as

much CO 2 as previously has been

absorbed by the plants during the

photosynthesis. The ecological cycle is

complete.

Components of biogas

Schematic representation of methane (CH 4 )

Biogas is produced by the anaerobic digestion of organic

materials in a sealed fermenter. This fermenter transforms

organic materials into biogas by using methane-producing

bacteria through a biologically complex process at approximately

38 - 55 degrees Celsius. More than half of the resulting gas is

methane (CH 4 ); the rest is carbon dioxide (CO 2 ).

The need for biogas

Biogas is already known for several hundred years. Methane was

detected in marsh gases around 1750. The first continuous fermentation

processes were realized after 1900. In the beginning of the 1970s, biogas

was relevant again in Europe due to the sharp rise in energy costs (oil

crisis). Since 1980, the ecological assessment and presentation and thus

the awareness of people have resulted in a major boost for biogas.

Biogas,

i.e.

the fermentation of organic wastes,

is a way to solve

environmental problems:

Greenhouse effect

Destruction of the ozone layer

 

Phasing out of nuclear energy

Limited duration of use of traditional fossil fuels

5 COMMON GASSES USED IN HOSPITALS

  • 1. Medical Air

Medical Air refers to a clean supply of compressed air used in hospitals and

healthcare facilities to distribute medical gas. It is free of

contamination and particles, has

no

oil

or

odors,

and

water buildup in your facility’s pipeline.

is

dry

to prevent

When a patient is in the operating room, whether it’s an emergency or not,

a surgeon relies on a medical air compressor to keep the patient

comfortable and breathing.

Medical air sources shall be connected to the medical air distribution

system only and shall be used only for air in the application of human

respiration 2. and calibration of medical devices for respiratory application.

Oxygen

Oxygen is a medical gas required in every healthcare setting, and is used

for resuscitation and inhalation therapy. It was introduced in the early

1900’s. You can use it for medical conditions such as COPD, cyanosis,

shock, severe hemorrhage, carbon monoxide poisoning, trauma,

cardiovascular and respiratory arrest, resuscitation, and life support.

3. Carbon Dioxide

Carbon Dioxide is used for insufflating medical gas for less

invasive surgeries like laparoscopy, arthroscopy, endoscopy,

and cryotherapy, as well as for respiratory stimulation during

and after anesthesia. CO2 may be piped in large hospitals, but

more likely comes from a tank.

4. Nitrogen (Medical Liquid Nitrogen)

Nitrogen is a medical gas used for cryosurgery removal of some cancers

and skin lesions, and also for the storage of tissues, cells, and blood

in cryogenic temperatures to avoid oxidation of the samples.

It can also be used as part of the medical gas mixture for lung function

tests. The pharmaceutical industry uses this medical gas in the

manufacture of medications.

Nitrogen as a gas is used to power tools in places where they do not have

instrument air. Most of the time it comes from a manifold of cylinders and

is piped at pressure with an alarm system at the source and on the use

site.

Liquid nitrogen is a couple hundred degrees below zero and freezes tissue

on contact. So it could be used in a procedure room (to take off warts, etc)

or to freeze tissue samples, but it usually would not be in an OR

..

Plus, it

comes in gigantically insulated pressurized bottles so it does not

evaporate.

5. Nitrous Oxide

Nitrous Oxide is a medical gas commonly known as “laughing gas” and

dentists began using it as an analgesic in 1812. Since then, this medical

gas is used in numerous surgical procedures as both an anesthetic and

analgesic.

There are certain times when this medical gas is contraindicated and

patients undergoing those types of procedures are provided with a

medical gas warning wristband that alerts your facility’s staff not to

administer it.