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Every bit of art is an

ongoing and ever learning

Photography doesnt
bother to fail or fall away
from this plot. A Successful
artist is a constant learner,
learning from his previous
mistakes and keeps
experimenting with new
Photojournalism Tips:
Fundamentals for Visual
What is photojournalism?
Photojournalism means
more than being in the
right place at the right
time. At its core,
photojournalism is serious
journalism, with a focus on
the visual impact of a story.
The photograph has affected the
way many cultures throughout
the world understand and learn
about their world. One of the
main fields responsible for this
paradigm is
m is the use of photographs in
conjunction with the reporting of
news in media such as print
newspapers, magazines,
The incorporation of
photographs into news reports
is so ubiquitous that a story
without photographs to a
contemporary audience feels
incomplete, as though they
were only getting half the story.
Consumers depend upon
photojournalists to bring them
the images that allow them to
feel connected to far-away
When you get it right a
photograph can draw people in,
emotionally and intellectually.
A captivating image can compel
people to read your story.
In fact stories without
photographs get considerably
less clicks, making it almost
essential that you accompany
your story with at least one
Excellence in
photography can take
many years of practice
and training, but take
heart at least its
simple to avoid
making bad images.
These five simple
tips will start you
on the path to
1. Correct exposure
As simple as it sounds, the first
step to effective
photojournalism is getting your
exposure right.
If a photograph is too dark or
too bright it will repel the
The two most important things
to remember are: stabilize your
A great example of good exposure by
Steven Riggall. Notice how it is
pleasing on the eye.
2. Focus
The key subject of your
photograph must be in focus,
whether thats just a small
detail of a much larger image
or a full landscape.
Ask yourself, what are you
showing your viewer? Whats
the most important element of
this image? Then make sure
thats where your focal point is.
The selective focus on this image by Libby Best
draws the viewer in to the womans face.
3. Context
The key difference between
photojournalism and other
styles of photography is
context.Essentially, you need
toshowthe story, not tell it.
Do everything you can to
include all the relevant
elements in a single image.
This includes the surroundings,
In this image I capture the context of
action, people and surroundings.
4. Emotion
Look for ways to convey the
emotion of the moment.
Capture peoples expressions,
their body language and their
Get in close for intimate
moments and experiment with
using selective focus to highlight
facial expressions.
Shirley Way captures the elation of the
moment as a new bishop is consecrated.
5. People
People gravitate towards
people. Faces humanize
visual stories.
Unless theres a good
reason, show faces and
avoid the back of peoples
Ili Tulloch conveys her subjects
personality in this fun portrait.
The rule of thirds:
This is a general
principle in
photography, which
is generally
considered to make
shots more
appealing to the
eye. One can easily
visualize this rule by
taking a frame and
dividing the
horizontal piece into
three equal sections
and dividing the
Studies have shown that
when viewing images that
peoples eyes usually go to
one of the intersection points
most naturally rather than the
center of the shot using the
rule of thirds works with this
natural way of viewing an
image rather than working
against it.
In addition the picture of the bee where the
bees eye becomes the point of focus.
Another Rule of
Thirds Example:
In this image the head
was purposely placed
as a subject on one of
the intersecting
points especially his
eyes which are
natural points of focus
for a portrait. His tie
and flower also take
up a secondary point
of interest.
Basic Camera Shot Types
Writing Captions
Do not begin with the words a, an
or the.
Use present tense to describe
action in a photo.
Give readers information they
cannot get from just looking at a
A caption should complete the
photo. The reader should not have to
look at the story, but should want to
look at the story.

When identifying members

of a group, write from left,
not from left to right.
Above and pictured
here are unnecessary.
Captions should not repeat
information contained in the
Name people only if they
are important to the picture.
WHAT IS ISO? (International
Standards Organization)

In Digital PhotographyISO
measures the sensitivity of the
image sensor. The same principles
apply as in film photography the
lower the number the less sensitive
your camera is to light and the finer
the grain.
Questions to Ask When Choosing
When choosing the ISO setting you
should ask yourself the following four
Light Is the subject well lit?
Grain Do I want a grainy shot or one
without noise?
Tripod Am I using a tripod?
MovingSubject Is my subject
moving or stationary?
If there is plenty of light, you want little
grain, When using a tripod and your subject
is stationary you will generally use a pretty
low ISO rating.
If its dark, you purposely want grain, you
dont have a tripod and/or your subject is
moving you might consider increasing the
ISO as it will enable me to shoot with a
faster shutter speed and still expose the
shot well.
Of course the tradeoff of this increase in
ISO will be noisier shots.
Situations where you might need to
push ISO to higher settings include:
Indoor Sports Events where your subject is
moving fast yet you may have limited light
Concerts also low in light and often no-flash
Art Galleries, Churches etc.- many galleries
have rules against using a flash and of course
being indoors are not well lit.
Birthday Parties blowing out the candles in a
dark room can give you a nice moody shot which
would be ruined by a bright flash. Increasing the
ISO can help capture the scene.