Verb TO BE or

Auxiliaries?
THE SIMPLE PRESENT – PART 1.

Verb TO BE

Verb To Be Singular: Plural: I am / I was / I will be We are / We were / We will be You are / You were / You You are / You were / You will will be be He is / He was / He will be They are / They were / They She is / She was / She will will be be It is / It was / It will be .

Negative: I am not at the library. Interrogative: Where are you? Is Sandra a good student? Is it very cold today? . It is very cold tonight. It’s not cold today. Sandra is a good student. Sandra isn’t a good student. Verb TO BE: Formation of Sentences Affirmative: I’m at the library.

Verb To Be: Use. Who are you? – I’m Bilbo Baggins. She is Sarah. Baggins? – I’m from the Share. She’s my wife.Nice to meet you. Mr. There are 4 categories in which we must use this verb. Are they your kids? . 1. . Identifying. Where are you from. Sarah.

2. I am the new student! Emma Watson is so elegant and intelligent . Hobbits are short creatures. Verb To Be: Use. Describing (Use of Adjectives): Frodo Baggins is a very brave hobbit.

. Verb To Be: Use 3. Where are they from? Women are from Venus and Men from Mars. Location and Origin. Where is the Gas Station located? Marvin is not in his room.

I am an English teacher. Verb To Be: Use 4. . My dad is an Industrial Engineer. Occupation. Are you a doctor? Brian is not a psychologist.

She is very extroverted. My daughter is so happy today. Oh. My children are introverted instead. . man. Why are you sad? – Because my girlfriend is mad at me. Feelings and Moods What’s the matter? – I am a little sad at the moment. Verb To Be: Use 5. That’s really a pity.

Verb To Be: Use.80 mts tall. – Where were you born?  Others: You’re right! The computer is worth 500 USD. 6. . Irregular Expressions:  Needs: I’m thirsty. isn’t it?  Height: How tall are you? – Anderson is 1.  Birth: Sasha was born in January. – Are you hungry?  The Weather: It is cold today.

Where are you going? . 7. Present Progressive: Diana is making pop corn. I am listening to music. Verb To Be: Use.

The room is cleaned every morning. Verb To Be: Use. . you’re not allowed to park here. Passive Voice: Sir. 5. How much are you paid?.

Simple Present .

Simple Present Singular: Plural: I study at… We study at… You live in… You live in… He studies at… They study at… She lives in It rains… .

Sandra doesn’t study Language. Negative: Subject + Aux Neg + Verb + Complement I don’t study Economics. Interrogative: Aux + Subject + Verb + Compement. It rains very often in London. Verb TO BE: Formation of Sentences Affirmative: Subject + Verb+ Complement I study Economics. It doesn’t rain very often in London. Sandra studies Language. .

1. . How often do you go to the gym? The store always opens at 8 o’clock. Simple Present: Use. Routines and Habits: I like to drink coffee for breakfast.

Do you really understand? People celebrate Christmas in December. 2. Realities or Facts: They speak German. . Italian and French. Simple Present: Use.

Will Smith becomes the richest afro-american actor Russia takes part in the war against ISIS. . News Headlines: 40-year-old swimmer wins a gold medal. Simple Present: Use. 3.

. Simple Present: Use. Schedules or Timetables: The flight leaves at 1pm. Classes start in September We don’t work on Sundays. 4.

TO BE OR AUXILIARIES? .

Verb ‘To Be’ is used for describing. To Be vs Auxiliaries How to identify each case? 1. He is an English student at Alpha. (Action/Reality) He is studies English at Alpha (Incorrect) . (Describing occupation) He studies English at Alpha. not for actions.

(Action) He is lives in England (Incorrect) Are you hungry? (Describing needs) Do you want to eat? (Action/Wish) Do you hungry? (Horribly incorrect) . To Be vs Auxiliaries How to identify each case? He is from England. (Describing origin) He lives in England.

Darwin is at the barber shop. Verb ‘To Be’ is used for locating. (locating) Darwin works at a barber shop. To Be vs Auxiliaries How to identify each case? 2. not for actions. (Action) Darwin is works at a/the barber shop (Incorrect) .

(Action) Are the chidren go to school today?(Incorrect) Do the chidren at school today?(Incorrect) . (Locating) Do the children go to school today?. To Be vs Auxiliaries How to identify each case? Are the children at school today?.

How often ______ you visit your parents? . Why _____ you so happy today? 5. _____ Peter like opera? 2. To Be vs Auxiliaries Exercise: Complete the sentences or questions. 4. _____ Peter at the opera? 3. 1. I ____ enjoy dancing.

3. To Be vs Auxiliaries Exercise: Make sentences or questions. What kind of / magazines / Lorena / frequently / read? . 1. He / be / French? 2. Pamela / not / speak / French / fluently. How many / students / there be / in Grammar 1? 5. You / go / to church / on Sundays? 4.

To Be vs Auxiliaries Exercise: Correct the sentences or questions. 5. . What do you do? 4. How are you feel today? 3. 1. Hello. my friend. 2. My dad is work every day. They aren’t speak Mandarin but they do speak Cantonese. Are you understand the lesson? It doesn’t difficult.

He ____ (be) the manager. ___ he a good manager? ____ he do a good job? What ____ do you think? . To Be vs Auxiliaries Exercise: Fill the blanks. Tom ____ (work) at a bank. He ____ (start) his work every day at 8:00 am and _____ (finish) every day at 6:00 pm. He _____ (help) all the workers and _____ (tell) them what to do. He ____ (be) also very good at his job. In the bank. He ______ (not/take) the bus. But. His brother and sister also ____ (work) at the bank. they ______ (not/live) close to the bank. Tom ____ (be) the boss. They usually ______ (drive) to work. He _____ (live) very close to the bank.