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FLOORING

BY
Prashant soni
B.Tech- CIVIL , 7 th Sem
Jaipur Engineering College
and
Research Centre
Types of flooring
1. Resilient Flooring
2. Wood flooring
3. Carpet & Rugs
4. Ceramic Tiles
5. Seamless chemical flooring
6. Marble flooring
7. Brick Flooring
8. Glass Flooring
9. Stone Flooring
10. Rubber flooring
FLOORING
Flooringis the general term
for a permanent covering of a
floor, or for the work of
installing such a floor covering.
Floor coveringis a term to generically
describe any finish material applied
over a floor structure to provide a
walking surface.
Materials almost always classified as
floor covering includecarpet, area
rugs, and resilient flooring such
aslinoleumorvinylflooring.
Materials commonly called flooring
includewood flooring,ceramic
tile,stone,terrazzo, and various
seamless chemical floor coatings.
SELECTION OF FLOORING
MATERIAL
depends upon below factors:
Initial Cost
Appearance
Cleanliness
Durability
Damp Resistance
Sound Insulation
Thermal Insulation
Fire Resistance
Smoothness
Hardness
Maintenance
SOFT
COVERINGS
Carpetis a floor covering
woven or felted from
natural or man-made fibre.
Fitted carpetis attached to
the floor structure, extends
wall-to-wall, and cannot be
moved from place to place.
Rugs are smaller than the
room in which they are
located and are generally
placed over the wood
flooring.
They may be attached to
the flooring below by
adhesive or other methods.
WOOD
FLOORING
Many different species of wood
are fabricated intowood
flooringin two primary forms:
plank andparquet.
Hardwoodsare typically much
more durable thansoftwoods.
Laminateis a floor covering that
appears similar to hardwood but
is made with a plywood or
medium density fibreboard
("MDF") core with a plastic
laminate top layer.
Bamboo flooringis a floor
manufactured from the bamboo
plant and is a type of hardwood
flooring, though technically not a
wood.
HARD WOOD FLOORING
RESILIENT FLOORING
Resilientflooring is
made of material
that has some
elasticity.
It includes many
different
manufactured
products
includinglinoleum,
sheetvinyl,vinyl
composition tile
(VCT),cork(sheet
or tile),rubber, and
HARD FLOORING
Ceramic tileincludes a
wide variety of clay
products fired into thin
units which are set in
beds
ofmortarormasticwit
h the joints between
tiles grouted.
Varieties include
quarry
tile,porcelaintile ,
terracottatile, and
others.
TILES FLOORING
GLAZED TILES

New
technologies
are emerging
since 2004 to
produce hard
floorings
having the
ability to light
up when
needed these
tiles are called
Glazed tiles.
SEAMLESS CHEMICAL
FLOORING
Many different seamless
flooring materials are
available. These are
usually
latex,polyester,urethane
orepoxycompounds
which are applied in liquid
form to provide a
completely seamless floor
covering.
These are usually found in
wet areas such as
laboratories or food
processing plants.
MARBLE FLOORING

It is a superior type of flooring, used in


bathrooms and kitchens of residential
buildings and in hospitals, sanatoriums,
temples etc. Where extra cleanliness is
an essential requirement.
Marble slabs may be laid in different
sizes, usually in rectangular or square
shapes.
MARBLE FLOORING
BRICK FLOORING
Such a flooring is used in cheap
construction, specially where good bricks
are available.
This flooring is specially suited to ware-
houses, stores, go-downs etc.
Well-burnt bricks of good colour and
uniform shapes are used.
Bricks are laid either or flat or on edge,
arranged in herring bone fashion or set
at right angles to the walls, or set any
other good looking pattern.
BRICK FLOORING
EXAMPLES OF BRICK FLOORING
GLASS FLOORING

This is a special purpose flooring, used in


circumstances where it is desired to
transmit light from upper floor to lower
areas.
Glass flooring is very costly, and not
commonly used.
E.g. Dance floor or Home decoration.
EXAMPLES OF GLASS FLOORING
STONE FLOORING
EXAMPLES OF STONE FLOORING
RUBBER FLOORING

It consists of sheets or tiles of rubber, in


variety of patterns and colours with
thickness varying from 3 to 10 mm.
The sheets are fixed to the concrete floor
with the help of appropriate adhesives.
Rubber floorings are resilient and noise
proof.
They are costly, hence used in public
buildings or offices
EXAMPLES OF RUBBER FLOORING
ISSUES WITH FLOORS
Wood floors, particularly older ones, will tend
to 'squeak' in certain places.
This is caused by the wood rubbing against
other wood, usually at ajoint of the subfloor.
Firmly securing the pieces to each other
withscrewsor nailswill remove this problem.
Concrete floors are usually so solid they do not
have this problem, but are also much more
expensive to construct, and much heavier,
resulting in further requirements regarding the
structure of the building.
Floor vibrationis a particularly annoying
problem with floors. Wood floors tend to
passsound, particularly heavy footsteps
and lowbass frequencies.
Floating floorscan reduce or eliminate
this problem.
The flooring may need protection
sometimes (e.g., a gym floor used for a
graduation ceremony).
AGym floor covercan be used to reduce
the need to satisfy incompatible
requirements.