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CONCRETE

M I X D E S I G N
CONCRETE
A heavy, rough building material made from a mixture of broken
stone or gravel, sand, cement, and water, that can be spread or
poured into molds and that forms a stonelike mass on hardening.
STATEMENT OF
THE PROBLEM
The eff ect of water cement
ratio on the durability of the
concrete for high-rise building.

OBJECTIVE
The purpose of this study is to
determine the eff ect of water
cement ratio on the durability
of the concrete for high-rise
building.
METHODOLOGY
POPULATION
& LOCALE

SAINT LOUIS UNIVERSITY


A. B O N I FA C I O S T R E E T
BAGUIO CITY, PHILIPPINES, 2600

SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
AND ARCHITECTURE
F I F T H Y E A R S S TA N D I N G
INSTRUMENTATION
E X P E R I M E N TA L - Q U A L I TAT I V E
METHOD
DATA COMPUTATION
DATA PRESENTATION

VOLUME NUMBER OF CLAS S AA CLAS S A


OF BAGS OF
12
CEMENT CEMENT NUMBER OF BAGS OF CEMENT

C L A SS A A C L A SS A

C 1 = (3)(0.3) 8
(0.3)
0.27 3.25 2.43
C 2 = (3)(0.35)
(0.35)
0.37 4.44 3.33
4
C 3 = (3)(0.4)
(0.4)
0.48 5.76 4.32
C 4 = (3)(0.45)
(0.45)
0.61 7.32 5.49 0
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8
C 5 = (3)(0.5)
(0.5)
0.75 9 6.75
VOLUME OF CONCRETE
DATA PRESENTATION

VOLUME
VOLUME OF CLAS S AA CLAS S A
OF
WATER 60
CEMENT
C L A SS A A C L A SS A VOLUME OF WATER
45
C 1 = (3)(0.3)
(0.3)
0.27 19.44 14.58
30
C 2 = (3)(0.35)
(0.35)
0.37 26.4 19.98
C 3 = (3)(0.4) 15
(0.4)
0.48 34.56 25.92
C 4 = (3)(0.45)
(0.45)
0.61 43.92 32.44 0
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8
C 5 = (3)(0.5)
(0.5)
0.75 54 40.5
VOLUME OF CONCRETE
STATISTICAL METHOD
rAA CEMENT = 0.9999 rAA WATE R = 0.9999

rA CEMENT = 1.0000 rA WAT E R = 0.9999

N E G AT I V E C O R R E L AT I O N N O C O R R E L AT I O N P O S I T I V E C O R R E L AT I O N

STRONG MODERATE WEAK WEAK MODERATE STRONG

-1 -0.8 -0.5 -0.2 0 0.2 0.5 0.8 1