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Elements 4D

An investigation of matter
What is matter?

In general it is a physical substance. It also has to


take up space.
States of r
What are elements?

Elements are a material that cannot be broken down into any


other material. The periodic table has 118 elements. They are
separated into specific groups. There are 18 groups including
transition metals, alkaline earth metals, lanthanide, and more.
The Components of an Atom
http://sciencing.com/components-atomic-structure-14117.html

The Nucleus - The nucleus of an atom contains most of the atoms mass, and it is composed of
neutrons and protons, which are referred to as nucleons.

The Protons - Protons are particles, positively charged, found in the atoms nucleus.

The Neutrons - Neutrons are particles, neutral charged, which share the atoms nucleus with
protons.

The Electrons -Electrons are particles, negatively charged, that orbit the nucleus of the atom.
The Periodic Table
Do some research on your
section of the periodic table of
elements. Paraphrase all of the
information you find, and
include an in-text citation
Section behind each piece of
information. Make sure you can
Instructions explain the information you
found if asked questions. (So
make sure you understand it!)
What does your sections Make as many slides as you
name mean? need.
What are some common
elements (if any) in this Example of in-text citations:
section?
(Authors Last Name)
What is unique or important
about this section of (Article Title)
elements?
Noble The six noble gases are found in group 18 of the
periodic table. These elements were considered to be

Gasses
inert gases until the 1960's, because their oxidation
number of 0 prevents the noble gases from forming
compounds readily. All noble gases have the maximum
number of electrons possible in their outer shell making
them stable.
Any of the gaseous elements helium, neon,
argon, krypton, xenon, and radon, occupying Group 0 of
the periodic table. They were long believed to be totally
unreactive but compounds of xenon, krypton, and radon
are now known. Noble gases are colourless, odourless,
tasteless, and nonflammable gases.
Any of the series of fifteen
metallic elements from actinium
to lawrencium in the periodic
table. All of the elements are
radioactive and unstable . A
series of radioactive waves in
group 3 of the periodic table.
Members of the series are often

Actinides called actinides.


Alkali Metals

Any of the group of univalent Our section is all about Alkali


metals including potassium, Metals. Alkali Metals are a
sodium, lithium,rubidium, group of elements.
cesium, and francium, whose
hydroxides are alkalis.
An element whose properties
are average of metals and solid
nonmetals. They look like
metal, but are fragile. The
Metalloids most common element is
oxygen. The second most
common is silicon. Silicon also
is the most common metalloid.

http://www.ducksters.com/scien
ce/chemistry/metalloids.php
Chemical Reactions
Write information about each element
that made up the reaction.

What is its natural state(s) of


matter?

Where is it on the periodic table?

Section Describe the chemical reaction that


occurred.
Instructions If possible, find a picture to add of
Include in-text citations for anything you what that would look like.
find on the internet
Include the state of matter the
Example of in-text citations:
(Authors Last Name) reaction resulted in.
(Article Title)
Be able to explain how or why
the state of matter might
have changed from the
original elements.
Water is made up of two
atoms of hydrogen and one
atom of oxygen.

The formula to make water is


2H2 + O2 = 2H2O + Energy

Hydrogen is a chemical
element with chemical

Water symbol H and atomic


number 1. Hydrogen is the
lightest element on the
periodic table.

Hydrogen doesnt belong to


any family of elements but,
its on the left side of the
periodic table.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with the
Symbol N. Under normal conditions
nitrogen is colorless, odorless and
tasteless gas. Nitrogen is a gas and its
atomic number is 7. Hydrogen is an
essential element of our world.
Hydrogens symbol is the periodic table
is H. It is atomic number 1. Hydrogen is
odorless, colorless, and tasteless.
Nitrogen+Hydrogen=Ammo Ammonia or also called Azane, the
formula is NH3. Ammonia could be
nia used as a housecleaner. Ammonia is
very light. Air is twice as heavy as
ammonia.
Sodium
Chloride
The two elements that we added together were
Sodium and Chlorine. This makes Sodium
Chloride Sodium is number 11 on the Periodic
table and Chlorine is number 17 on the Periodic
table. Is a colorless crystalline compound
occurring naturally in seawater and halite. Common
salt. Sodium Chloride is the sixth most abundant
metal in the Earths crust. Odium is actually found
in most minerals, and can be very dangerous.
The elements that make up Magnesium Oxide are
Magnesium Oxide Magnesium and Oxygen. Magnesium Oxide is a solid.

Magnesium- A white-silver metallic element that


produces a white light when it burns.

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/magnesi
um

Oxygen- The chemical element of atomic 8. Oxygen is


a colorless, odorless reactive gas.
http://www.dictionary.com/browse/oxygen

Each magnesium atom gives two electrons to an


oxygen atom, so magnesium oxide is made of
magnesium ions, Mg2+, and oxide, O2ions.
https://www.chemistryworld.com/podcasts/magnesium-o
xide/7645.article
Potassium oxide
Its original states are gas and solid. The 2 elements are oxygen and
potassium.Oxygen is a gas, and Potassium is a solid. Potassium is 18th on the
periodic table of elements and oxygen is 8th on the periodic table of elements. It
turned into a solid after the chemical reaction. It would stay as a solid and would not
change into a gas or liquid. This source is from Potassium Oxide
Zinc
Chloride

Zinc is a solid which


Chlorine is gas and that gets
you Zinc chloride which is a
solid. Zinc is a transition
metal and chlorine is a
halogen. The abbreviation is
ZnCl. There are crystallines
in Zinc Chloride.
The elements that made up this
chemical reaction were cobalt and

Cobalt bromide.

Cobalt- Its symbol is Co, its atomic


Dibromide number is 27, and it is a solid.

Bromide- Its symbol is Br, its


atomic number is 35, and its a
liquid.
We used several
These elements combine to make a
websites such as solid: Cobalt Dibromide. Cobalt
and Bromide combine to make a
solid
(Cobalt Dibromide is shown as a border to the left)