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DRRNetwork Philippines

Disaster Risk Reduction


Network Philippines
(DRRNetPhils)
Experience on
Policy Advocacy
Shared by: Maria Malu Fellizar-Cagay
Deputy Executive Director, Center for Disaster Preparedness
Lead Convenor, DRRNetPhils
Philippine Disaster Risk Profile
Philippine Disaster Risk Profile

The Philippines is situated along a highly seismic area lying along the PACIFIC RING OF
FIRE where two major tectonic plates (Philippine Sea and Eurasian) meet and is
highly-prone to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. This explains the occurrence of
earthquakes and tsunamis and the existence of around 300 volcanoes of which 22
are active
Philippine Disaster Risk Profile

Tropical storms or typhoons accompanied by The Philippines is located in the Pacific typhoon
heavy rain and/or strong winds that may result in belt. The country experiences an average of 20
floods, landslides and storm surge are the most typhoons a year, 5 of which are said to be
prevalent types of hydro-meteorological hazards in destructive.
the country.
In the past 20 years,
31,835 Filipinos have
Millions reported been killed
of Filipinos and 94,369,462 people
have been affected by
are at risk.
disasters.
Passage of Republic Act 10121

The Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction


and Management Act of 2010

Approved : May 27, 2010


Effective : June 24, 2010

* DRRM Act Implementing Rules and


Salient Provisions
Paradigm shift
Top-down and Bottom-up and
centralized disaster participatory
management disaster risk
reduction
Disasters as merely Disaster mainly a
a function of reflection of peoples
physical hazard vulnerability.
Integrated approach to
Focus on disaster genuine social and
response and human development to
anticipation reduce disaster risk
Governance
NDRRMC (Sec. 5)

ULAP
NAPC-VDC Private Sector
CSO CSO CSO CSO
Local Disaster Risk Reduction and
Management Fund (LDRRMF) (Section 21)
Quick
Response
Fund
30% (Emergency
Response)
70%
Uses of the
LDRRMF:
Prevention
& Mitigation
Preparedness
Rehabilitation
and Recovery
Integration of DRR
Education in school curricula
at the primary, secondary and
tertiary levels

Prohibited Acts
Penal Provisions
Governance
LDRRMO (Sec. 12) Establishment of permanent
DRRM Office

DRRM
Officer
Administra Research Operatio
tive & & ns &
Training Plannin Warning
g
Policy Statements

Mainstreaming DRR and Climate


Change in the national and local
development plans and
development processes (e.g.
policy formulation, socio-
economic devt planning,
14 years in the making

L o o k i n g b a c k:
1990s Humanitarian Response
(IANDR)
The Enthusiasm
> Study Forum of DMinAgencies
2002 -2003!!!!
> Reflection Workshop on CBDM
The birth of Philippine Disaster Management
Forum (PDMF)
> Series of Study Forum, Sharing & Public
Awareness Activities
> 1st Natl Conference on CBDM
> Covenant of CSOs and community Partnership 89 orgs
The Impetus:
Hyogo Framework for Action 2005, GNDR
lack participation of the CSOs in framing the Strategic
National Action Plan (SNAP) April 29 30, 2008

the variety of good practices


September 2008: National PO Conference
long-time clamor for new law on DRR
The 12 June 2008: Urgent Consultation on
DRM Bill
DRRNetPhils was formed
Recommendations and Learnings:

Consolidated CSOs with the same voice


clear advocacy agenda

Building partnership with different


stakeholders (national and local
government agencies, private sector,
CSOs, academe, scientist and community)
Recommendations and Learnings:

Evolution of partnership and realization of both


sides - understanding limitations and capacity of
multi-stakeholders

Advocacy should be evidence- based

Strong community based


constituency
Genuine Implementation of the
Overseeing Law Implementing
National DRRMC
OCD

17 Regional
17 Regional OCD
DRRMC

79 Provincial
79 Provincial DRRMO
DRRMC

122 City/
122 City/
1,512 Municipal 1,512 Municipal
DRRMC DRRMO
42,026 Barangay
Devt.Council 42,026 Barangay DRRM
Committee
Maraming
Salamat po!

(Thank You Very


Much!)