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Buraga, Irish

Romero, Sammyr
Baruela, Geraldine

E-G O V ER N A N C E
Sub-topics

Policy and Institutional Framework


for E-Governance in the Philippines
E-Governance Efforts (National and
Local)
Issues, Challenges and Prospects
Irish Buraga

P O LIC Y A N D IN S TITU TIO N A L


FR A M EW O R K FO R E-G O V ER N A N C E
IN TH E P H ILIP P IN ES
Scope

Introduction to E-Governance
Evolution of E-Governance in the
Philippines
Policy for E-Governance in the
Philippines
E-Government Master Plan
Introduction to E-G overnance
E-governance is using information and
communication technologies (ICTs) at various
levels of the government and the public sector and
beyond, for the purpose of enhancing governance
-Bedi, Singh and Srivastava, 2001; Holmes, 2001;
Okot-Uma, 2000.

E-governance is the integration ofInformation


and Communication Technology (ICT)in all the
processes, with the aim of enhancing
government ability to address the needs of the
general public.
Introduction to E-G overnance

E-governance is the public sectors use of


information and communication
technologies with the aim of improving
information and service delivery,
encouraging citizen participation in the
decision-making process and making
government more accountable, transparent
and effective.
The purpose of implementing e-governance
is to enhance good governance.
-UNESCO
Introduction to E-G overnance
E-Governance E-Government
the utilization of the integration of
information and information and
communication communication
technology (ICT) for technology, in public
providing services, administration, i.e. to
disseminating various government
information, processes, operations,
communication and structures with the
activities, and purpose of enhancing
incorporation of transparency, efficiency,
miscellaneous stand accountability and citizen
alone system and participation
services between
different models,
Introduction to E-G overnance

Electronic GovernmentorE-
Governmentshall mean the use of ICT by
the government and the public to enhance
the access to and delivery of government
services to bring about efficient,
responsive, ethical, accountable and
transparent government service
- RA 10844 or the Department of Information
And Communications Technology Act of 2015
Introduction to E-G overnance

Fields of implementation of
e-governance

e-administration
e-services
e-democracy
Introduction to E-G overnance

Types of Interactions in E-
Governance

G2G (Government to Government)


G2C (Government to Citizen)
G2B (Government to Business)
G2E (Government to Employees)
Introduction to E-G overnance
Examples of e-governance

1.Informing the citizen examples


Fighting Corruption Using the Internet in Kenya
Government Procurement System in Mexico
2.Improved service delivery examples
E-seva center in Andhra Pradesh State of India
Member Organized Resource Exchange (M.O.R.E.)
in St. Louis, Missouri
3.Increasing citizen participation
examples
Iperbole Internet civic network in Bologna, Italy
Democracy Project in North Jutland, Denmark
Evolution ofE-G overnance in
the Philippines
1971 The National Computer Center (NCC)was established
by EO 322
1978 NCC was designated as the primary agency in
government with the responsibility of directing IT use
for national development and rationalizing
computerization in the country
1994 -The National Information Technology Council (NITC)
was created by EO 190 - Became the highest planning
and policy advisory body on IT matters (1998)
1998 -Government launched IT21
-Electronic Commerce Promotion Council (ECPC) was
created EO468
2000 -Enactment of e-commerce Act
-Government Information System Plan (GISP) was
approved and adopted as a framework of all
computerization efforts in government
-The Information Technology and Electronic Commerce
Evolution ofE-G overnance in
the Philippines
2001 -ITECC was reorganized with the President replacing
the DTI Secretary as ITECC chair
-EO 40 was promulgated adopting the electronic
procurement system (EPS) to be the single and
centralized electronic portal for all of governments
procurement
2004 Creation of Commission on Information and
Communications Technology (CICT)
2011 Executive Order No. 47 renamed CICT into Information
and Communications Technology Office (ICTO) and
placed it under DOST
2012 - Republic Act No. 10173 or the Data Privacy Act was
enacted
- Republic Act No. 10175 or Cybercrime Prevention Act
was enacted
2015 RA 10844 or the Department of Information And
Communications Technology Act of 2015 was enacted
D epartm ent ofInform ation and
Com m unications Technology
Mission
DICT of the people and for the
people.

Vision
An innovative, safe and happy nation
that thrives through and is enabled by
Information and Communications
Technology.
D epartm ent ofInform ation and
Com m unications Technology
Functions and Powers:

I. Policy and Planning


II. Improved Public Access
III. Resource-Sharing and Capacity Building
IV. Consumer Protection and Industry
Development
V. Countryside Development
VI. Cybersecurity & Cybercrime
D epartm ent ofInform ation and
Com m unications Technology
Attached Agencies:

National Telecommunications
Commission (NTC)
National Privacy Commission (NPC)
Cybercrime Investigation and
Coordinating Center (CICC)
Policies for E-G overnance in
the Philippines
Laws and procedures currently employed in the
country:

1. RA 8792 "Electronic Commerce Act of 2000"


2. RA 9184 Government Procurement Reform
Act (2003)
3. RA 9775 Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009
4. RA 9995 Anti-Photo and Video Voyeurism Act
of 2009
5. RA 10173 Data Privacy Act of 2012
6. RA 10175 Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012
RA 8792 "Electronic Commerce
Act of 2000"
AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE
RECOGNITION AND USE OF
ELECTRONIC COMMERCIAL
AND NON-COMMERCIAL
TRANSACTIONS AND
DOCUMENTS, PENALTIES FOR
UNLAWFUL USE THEREOF, AND
FOR OTHER PURPOSES
RA 9184 Government
Procurement Reform Act (2003)
AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE
MODERNIZATION,
STANDARDIZATION AND
REGULATION OF THE
PROCUREMENT ACTIVITIES OF
THE GOVERNMENT AND FOR
OTHER PURPOSES
RA 9775 Anti-Child
Pornography Act of 2009
AN ACT DEFINING THE CRIME OF
CHILD PORNOGRAPHY,
PRESCRIBING PENALTIES
THEREFOR AND FOR OTHER
PURPOSES
RA 9995 Anti-Photo and
Video Voyeurism Act of 2009
AN ACT DEFINING AND
PENALIZING THE CRIME OF
PHOTO AND VIDEO VOYEURISM,
PRESCRIBING PENALTIES
THEREFOR, AND FOR OTHER
PURPOSES
RA 10173 Data Privacy Act of
2012
AN ACT PROTECTING INDIVIDUAL
PERSONAL INFORMATION IN
INFORMATION AND
COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS IN
THE GOVERNMENT AND THE
PRIVATE SECTOR, CREATING FOR
THIS PURPOSE A NATIONAL
PRIVACY COMMISSION, AND FOR
RA 10175 Cybercrime
Prevention Act of 2012
AN ACT DEFINING CYBERCRIME,
PROVIDING FOR THE
PREVENTION, INVESTIGATION,
SUPPRESSION AND THE
IMPOSITION OF PENALTIES
THEREFOR AND FOR OTHER
PURPOSES
Policy for E-G overnance in the
Philippines
Summary of National ICT Strategies
andYear
Policies National ICT Implementing agency
Strategy/Vision
1986-1992 1987 Constitution

Article II
Communications and
Information plays a
vital role in nation
building
1992-1998 National Department of Transportation
Information and Communication
Technology Plan for Department of Trade and
the 21stCentury Industry
(1997) National Telecommunications
Commission
Vision: Philippines as
Policy for E-G overnance in the
Philippines
Year/ National ICT Strategy/Vision Implementing
agency
1998-2001 e-Philippines Strategy Information
Government Information Systems Technology and
Plan (2000) Electronic
Commerce
Vision: Improvement of the quality of Council
living through ICT

2001 Philippine Strategic ICT Roadmap Commission on
2010 (2006-2011) Information and
Communications
Vision: Philippines as an Information Technology
Society empowered through ICT

Policy for E-G overnance in the
Philippines
Year/ National ICT Implementing agency
Strategy/Vision
2011-2016 Philippine Digital Commission on
Strategy Information and
Communications
Vision: Philippines Technology
empowered by ICT in a
connected and networked
society to promote economic
and social growth, as well as
efficient delivery of public
services.
2013 2016 E-government Master Department of
Plan Science and
Technology-
Vision: A digitally Information and
empowered and integrated Communications
government that provides Technology Office
E-G overnm ent M aster Plan

a blueprint for the integration of ICTs


for the whole of government
describes the systems of governance
that need to be strengthened to make
its implementation possible and
sustainable
acknowledges the important role that
ICT plays in facilitating open and
transparent government and the
delivery of efficient public services
E-G overnm ent M aster Plan

Provides e-Government builders and


partners with the following:

Strategy for Implementing e-


Government
Priority Projects, Milestones,
Resource Estimates
Mechanisms
E-G overnm ent M aster Plan
Aims to provide e-Government builders with a roadmap for
the following:

For citizens, the EGMP links e-Government programs with


development goals.
For government, the EGMP provides a blueprint for
implementing e-Government initiatives.
For civil society organizations (CSOs), the private
sector, and other partners, the EGMP provides spaces for
participation and fosters synergy in governance.
For policy makers, the EGMP identifies policy and
advocacy areas that need to be addressed in creating an
environment necessary for fostering an integrated,
interoperable and harmonized system of e-Governance.
E-G overnm ent M aster Plan

e-Government s centered along three core


areas:
Government-to-government (G2G) services
that highlight a government that is
interconnected.
Government-to-business (G2B) services that are
responsive and transparent, thereby allowing a
level playing field for businesses to operate in.
Government-to-citizen (G2C) centered services
that will allow citizens to directly feel the
benefits of a digital economy.
E-G overnm ent M aster Plan

Building Blocks of e-government


E-G overnm ent M aster Plan

End goal: to achieve


transformative governance
End