TOK PRESENTATION

BLOOD TYPES AND PERSONATLIY

OUR TOK ISSUE
To what extent, how perceptions play a significant role to create certain prejudices.

TOK TOPIC

Does the blood type make people to have certain prejudices?

WHAT IS KNOWLEDGE?
Knowledge must be justified by empirical evidence or logic or memory or authority. Knowledge must be true. Knowledge must be believed. Knowledge can be effectively and accurately communicated

AS A KNOWER
We need to justify whether our knowledge is valid or not. We need to prove whether our knowledge is true or not. We need to prove whether our knowledge is credible or not. We need to prove whether our knowledge is properly communicated or not.

THE QUESTIONS TO BE RAISED

How do western people think about the knowledge of each blood type in Korea and Japan society? How the categorizing upon blood type influences individual·s life? How do Koreans and Japanese started to link blood type to personality ? What are the similar believes or myths in western which creates prejudices like blood type does in Korea. How do people Koreans and Japanese justify that relationship between blood type and personality. How do these categorizing give effects on economic?

THE STORY OF PERSONALITY DEPEND ON BLOOD TYPES
- The discovery of blood types in 1901 has been hailed
as one of the greatest advances in medical history, but the breakthrough was then used by the Nazis to further their eugenics program, and claim the superiority of Germans -- mostly types A and O -over Jews, Asians and others with a larger proportion of type B blood. - The theory reached Japan in a 1927 psychologist's report, and the militarist government of the time commissioned a study aimed at breeding better soldiers. The craze faded in the 1930s as its unscientific basis became evident. It was revived in the 1970s with a book by Masahiko Nomi, an advocate and broadcaster with no medical background.

CAN BLOOD TYPE
DETERMINE CHARACTER?

Medical experts assert the widespread belief here that blood type lends insight into character is scie ntifically ``groundless,'' but it seems to have beco me an important factor to consider by unmarried women in deciding whom they will date in the fut ure.

WHICH ONE COMES FIRST?

Does the blood type influence one·s personality?
The blood type is the factor which determine one·s personality as it is believed.

OR Does the prejudice influence one·s personality?
The prejudice and social perception builds up one·s personality due to the expectation.

Ex) Jenny is in blood group A and she is perfectionist. It is because one is blood type A and the feature is instinctive OR Is it because one is told to behave like blood type A since one was young.

BLOOD TYPE A 
         

Strength avoid confrontation shy and sometimes withdrawn seek harmony Polite feel that they never really fit in with others Responsible crave success and are perfectionists Creative Artistic sensitive

BLOOD TYPE B
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

Wild Active Doer Selfish Irresponsible Dislike restrictions and one's own way Non-stereotyped action Non-stereotyped thinking Self-conscious and not warped expressions Makes less distinction of things Not conscious of circumstances Don't care social rules and customs

BLOOD TYPE AB
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Rational thinking Good critic and analyst Feels distant from the society Usually gentle and emotionally sensative Diplomatic Discriminating Easy-going Sympathetic Efficient Learns quickly short-tempered complains dependent moody

BLOOD TYPE O
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strong-willed judgmental dedicated self-deterministic Workaholic insecure emotional stubborn uncompromising over-confident Strongly purpose-oriented Straight desire Know how to take chances Dislike to be subordinate Expressive

JUSTIFICATION OF BLOOD TYPES
AND PERSONALITY
Many researchers have done the researches which shows the real relationship.

ARTICLE ² YONSEI UNIVERSITY STUDY

According to recent research on the relationship between personality and b lood type, people of type O tend to be more extroverted and people of type A tend to be more introverted. Also, those of type A are logical and calm, b ut those of type B, when compared to those of other blood types, are more s ensitive and have a more take-charge personality. Researcher Ryu Seong-il and psychology professor Son Yeong-woo announced on the 21st the results of their research conducted at the Yonsei University graduate school of bus iness. Ryu and Prof. Son's paper will be presented at the winter conference of the Korean Psychological Association. Their research has gathered inter est mainly for its theme of personality type depending on blood type, but it is also recieving notice for refuting the popular notion that there is no parti cular relationship and being the first study to combine pre-existing researc h on blood typology. Ryu and Son took approximately 50 research papers fr om within Korea and other countries, adding up those which found a speci al relationship and subtracting those which did not to estimate the effect of blood type on personality. The study found that blood type A scored 14 poi nts on the scale of extroversion to introversion, the highest score, while typ e O scored -15, the lowest, indicating that A is the most introverted while O is the most extroverted. Also, type A scored 10 points on the logic scale, t he highest, while type B scored -7, indicating that A is more logical than B

ARTICLE ² YONSEI UNIVERSITY STUDY

In particular A scored 10 points on the measure of calmness w hile B scored -7, indicating B is unstable. Other than that, on t he comparison of leadership/fellowship O (3 points) was strong er than AB (-7 points) on leadership, and on thoughtfulness/in dividualism A (2 points) was the most thoughtful compared to B (-3 points), a finding of only small differences between blood types. The overwhelming conclusion was that type A had the h ighest risk of contracting cancer compared to other blood types . Ryu explained, "according to our conclusions, type B, when co mpared with types A and AB, and especially to the most extro verted type O, has to be seen as the most introverted. We were able to confirm that the relationship of personality to blood typ e is not absolute but is there." But he emphasized, "one person' s various personality traits are the result of both genetics and environment, and cannot be verified to depend on either the st ars or blood type."

THE RESULTS OF STUDY
Blood type A B O AB Introver sion 14 -6 -15 5 Logic 10 -7 1 -4 Stability 10 -7 6 3 Leaders hip -4 -1 3 -7 Consider ation 2 -3 0 0

WAYS OF KNOWING
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Sense Perception Language Reason Emotion

LIMITATIONS TO SENSE PERCEPTION OF
PREJUDICES FROM BLOOD TYPE
We have prejudices created by one·s blood type through the social perceptions, articles, researches, etc Still the dominance of the perception about the blood type in the real society is existed, but is it reliable?

CONTROVERSIAL

Acceptability VS Factuality Society VS individual Prejudice VS Blood type Group VS Personal Western VS Korean and Japanese

IS PERSONALITY UPON BLOOD TYPE
FREE FROM THE PERSONAL EMOTION?

Since there are no scientific evidences which can prove the real relationship between blood type and personality. Even the opinions about this relationship is differ by the nationality. So we can assume that the certain personal emotion can affect the tendency of the general social thinking. In fact, the origin of the blood type and personality is created by western people·s personal emotion. So this unreliable fact has been conveying till now, even though many researches prove some features of personality caused by blood type.

AREAS OF KNOWLEDGE
Human science Science History

WHAT IS THE HUMAN SCIENCE ASPECT IN OUR TOPIC ?
Especially
1)

psychology

2)

- Personality psychology studies enduring patte rns of behavior, thought and emotion in individ uals, commonly referred to as personality. - Social psychology is the study of social behavio r and mental processes, with an emphasis on ho w humans think about each other and how they relate to each other. Social psychologists are esp ecially interested in how people react to social si tuations

WHAT IS THE SCIENCE ASPECT IN OUR TOPIC?
Science is comprehensive information on any su bject, but the word is especially used for informat ion about the physical universe. As knowledge has increased, some methods have proved more reliable than others, and today the s cientific method is the standard for science. 1) Observation 2) Experiment 3) Measurement 4) Mathematics 5) Replication

WHAT IS THE HISTORY ASPECT IN OUR TOPIC ?
It is a field of research which uses a narrative to examine and analyze the sequence of events, and it sometimes attempts to investigate objectively t he patterns of cause and effect that determine ev ents. Cultural history replaced social history as the do minant form in the 1980s and 1990s. It typically combines the approaches of anthropology and his tory to look at language, popular cultural traditio ns and cultural interpretations of historical exper ience.

DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES OF PEOPLE
OF TRENDS OF BLOOD TYPES 

Western and other Asians except for Koreans and Japanese
1)

2)

² some are agreed with the know ledges of personality upon blood type in Korea and Japan society - the others even have any ideas about the relationship between blood types and personality. Thus they think it·s just one of the superstitious belief in Korea and Japan. Most of Koreans and Japanese have positive attitude about different features of personality upon blood type. But most of them do not believe it is the valid fact. 

Koreans and Japanese
1)

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